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group of people to whom she gave green smoothies once a day while they stayed on their regular diet. Many of them showe. much greater extent, the introduction of any commercial free-energy device, design are shown in aracer.mobi, but for here. Practical Guide to Free energy Devices. Chandra Tjong. Author: Patrick J. Kelly Version: Release date: 5 Nov This eBook has more than
Vacuum is charge flux without mass, containing a high electrical potential of approximately ,, volts relative to pure zero charge. Within an ordinary electrical circuit, the ground has a valued zero charge with respect to something else with the same absolute potential, but actually has a non-zero absolute potential relative to the vacuum. Present theory explains that we can create a difference in potential "within" the parts of a system only by displaying electro charge mass.
By pumping the electrical mass between potentials we can only get back the work that we put into the system. Orthodox science has confused charge and charged mass, ignoring scalar electrostatic waves. Note that "ignor-ance" is the operative word here. By electromagnetically oscillating the true ground vacuum potential, we create an added resonating electrical potential difference between that part of the circuit and the normal rate ground voltage of the rest of the system.
Maintaining the correct harmonic vacuum oscillation will produce the excess potential needed during the negative half-cycle to sustain the work load.
As can be seen, we have not produced energy from anywhere, but merely diverted and juggled the inate high poten- tial of the energized vacuum! The author wishes to make grateful acknowlegments for the individual research contributions of the following per- sons, which provided a solid basis and background for this work.
Walter Baumgartner George Hatheway Prof. Shinichi Seike Dick Bensen Prof. Jensen Dr. Wynniatt Mark Goldes John T. Ratzlaff William Whamond Dr. The various researchers cover the spectrum of laymen "explorers" and professionally-trained scientists, with the work of both researcher types pointing to a common end, that of validated "over-unity output" from their various prototype projects.
There can no longer be any serious doubts about the practicality of the various "free-energy" units and systems bas- ed on the full-weight of the hardware evidence from at least fifteen different types of projects, as presented in this Manual. Preface 2 Forward 3 I. Nicola Tesla XII. Putt e Dr. Keith Kenyon II. Henry Moray Projects 20 f Electrodyne Corp.
Brown VII. See a Raymond Kromrey Dr. William J. Lindsay g The Swis M. Capacitive Discharge Motor 81 a Edwin Gray. Conservation Motors 84 a G. Srinivasan b C. The reason being that technology and financing flow freely across national boundaries. A Saudi Arabian prince could care less about whether or not a particular conversion process has been approved by the National Academy of Sciences. His primary concern is more likely to be whether or not it is a promising investment, with a likelihood of growth.
We need to keep our eye on the main goal of bringing about the utilization of free energy and be cautious about our claims and let those that are resistant to change continue doing their own thing. It is far more prudent to continue these developments and find ways around the "system" than to practice tilting at windmills. I have attempted to contact all active researchers in the free energy conversion field but am sure that I have missed some.
To those that I have missed, my apologies. If you will send me a short description of your device or system, with test results, I shall try to include you in the next edition of the Manual. I expect to see an exponential rate of growth in the number of projects with time.
God bless all of us in our efforts and may we enjoy and have a fun-time together in this exciting new free-energy con- version era. A rational approach to gravity-control. By Rho Sigma This book has become one of the leading informational sources in the free energy field because it covers much ground in a clear and concise manner.
Send inquiry, with a S. Cadake Industries P. Box , Clayton, GA Send inquiry, with S. Health Research, P. Box 70 Mokelumne Hill, California, Joseph W. Newman Route 1, Box 52, Lucedale, Mississippi, Moray Fully describes the pioneering work of Dr. Henry Moray. Send inquiry and S. Cater Send inquiry and S. His contribu- tion to this manual follows in the Foreward section. My main purpose in the compilation of the following information on free energy devices and systems is to make this little known and potentially world-changing field of technology available to a large spectrum of people and to the youth of the world in particular.
As mankind has evolved over the ages we have gone through phases of development and many have called our present stage the information age. This is a reflection of the rapid processing and transfer of information through the use of computers and satellites.
I submit that our next age will most likely be the Free Energy Age and that we are in the birth pangs of that age right now. I decided to present this information in the form of a manual starting with the first individual to pioneer in the area, Nikola Tesla, and move up to present day research by some individuals who prefer to remain anonymous.
It was in- teresting that in the assembly of this manual, that all of the contributions except three have come from independent in- ventors working mostly alone in their basements and garages.
Only two countries, Denmark and Sweden, are using public funds for unclassified research in this field, as far as I have been able to determine. There are hints of extensive research in Russia, but information on their work is difficult to obtain and generally unavailable. This lack of public support is seen as cause for alarm by many researchers in the free energy field but this is more likely just a normal way our free enterprise system works.
Studies have shown that eighty percent of the major innovations in this country have come from independent inventors in just this fashion. We who study this field grow impatient with its slow progress and lack of recognition. This, of course, is nothing new. The story of Galileo, and the trouble he got into by finding that the earth revolved around the sun is well known to every school child. Little is known that Thomas Jefferson, on reading that meteorites fell from the sky, said that "I would rather believe that two Yankee pro- fessors lied, than that stones fell from the sky".
His view was later endorsed by the French Academy of Science. There we many disturbing and derogatory references to "the establishment" by people interested in the free energy field and I fed that it is important to address this up front, in the preface, so that those young people who may con- template working in this field can appreciate their potential difficulties. My understanding of "the establishment" is that it consists of the theoretical physics community members who refuse to recognize that this source of energy exists, science teachers and university professors who ignore it in their presentations, the large multi-national energy com- panies that will not finance free energy research and governmental research funding people who also ignore the field.
When a scientist is refuted he is presented with a forum to make his case, but when he is ignored he is rendered impo- tent and his work goes into limbo. Some inventors seem almost paranoid in their fears and I think we need to include a few of the actual cases to insure that our young students be fully aware of some of the problems which they may encounter should they choose to go this route.
Nikola Tesla, the inventor of the present alternating current system of electricity which is used throughout the world, was awarded two U. He sold his alternating current inven- tions to Westinghouse and set up his own research and development company to develop some of his other inventions.
From that period on he was generally ignored and after he went through his Westinghouse money he existed in reduc- ed and modest circumstances until his death. Even today's physics texts make little mention of his work, and books on his life's work are now quite hard to find on library shelves. Henry Moray was active in the radiant energy field in the to time frame. During this period his equip- ment was destroyed by a double agent, an employee of our own Rural Electrification Administration and an agent for a communist government.
Afterwards he was attacked three times in his laboratory, he was shot once and he and his family fired upon from ambush. In more recent times, the late 's and 's, Mr. John R. Searl in England had his home invaded by govern- ment inspectors and his free energy generator Levity disc unit consficated. In present times Mr. Joseph Newman has been denied a U. First, it should be understood by our young readers as to why the free energy conversion field is so important and why inventors persist in spite of their difficulties.
The main reason is that the energy source, the raw material,— unlike— natural gas, oil, coal or uranium, is free and available the world over. Unlike—the sun, it is here both night and day in quantities beyond imagination.
There is a natural correlation between the price of energy and economic growth. Present forecasts predict that there will be serious shortages of electrical power in the United States in the mid's.
The cost of new conventional power plants have become so high and the lead times so long that regulatory agencies have just about stopped all new power plant construction. The beautiful point about free energy is that because it is freely available to everyone, anyone can set up their own research project with a minimum amount of money, a lot of patience and a lot to time. It is not necessay to have a multibillion dollar accelerator, a national laboratory or even a large industrial laboratory.
I would like to see this Manual stimulate the minds of young people around the world and a continuing exponential growth in the number of free energy conversion projects. It is going to come because it is definitely an idea whose time has come! We human beings are naturally resistant to and afraid of change. It took our secondary education system an entire generation to make the change from the teaching of phonics and go back to it again.
The term "free energy" is considered to be the net E. Some electromagnetic machines produce an output only slightly above unity, while others have produced outputs of about three-to-one. Lately the output ratios have been rising, with a recent unit providing about five-to-one.
Several years ago there were only a few "free energy" devices which appeared to offer hopeful opportunities for development, but today there are at least five significant individual projects which are operating at varying degrees of over-unity output. It must be noted that some senior physicists, in an attempt to discredit some free energy researcher's projects are proposing the discarding of Maxwell's mathematics with their new theories and operating machines. After a thorough review of each researchers work it was found that rather than the discarding of Maxwell's equation principles, these various machines actually supplement or enhance the electromagnetic functioning in each case, based on Maxwell's Second equation.
Since this attempted discrediting has occurred in two distinct cases it appears to be a planned and contrived approach to putting down "free energy" efforts. One of the major reasons that establishment physicists resist the concept of "free energy" is that the tachyon field concept goes against the Special Theory of Relativity which limits particle speeds to the speed of light.
The tachyon concept fast particles has been proven valid based on the the findings of Professor Gerald Feinberg at Columbia Univertisty in Several of these new over-unity output machines have established the reality of the tachyon field, as witnessed by the individual researchers. In addition to Professor Feinberg's findings on the fast particle concept, a U. Naval research team which was run- ning various experiments during the 's recorded a spot indicator moving across a CRT scope screen at a speed of , miles per second, which could not be explained.
These tests results were noted as the interaction of particles moving at about 16, miles per second. Aware of the constant of , speed of light standard, these ex- perimenters rechecked their test setup, but again recorded the same results of the , m. Since none could offer an explanation of these findings, the test results just went into limbo and were noted as an unexplain- ed phenomena. The result of the "Saganac Experiment" in , also has never been satisfactorily explained by contemporary physicists.
In this experiment two simultaneous light sources were sent in opposite directions around a closed path, and photographic plates recorded the impingement of the light sources. If the basic beliefs of relativity were correct, both light signals would have traveled these equal closed, circular paths equal to the distance around the earth's sur- face in identical times.
The results disclosed that they did not!! We must conclude that a modification to Special Relativity is needed! Submitted by: Rolf Schaffranke. Since major breakthroughs in the physics of non-conventional energy generation and energy conversion have already been made in several countries, it seems appropriate to present the main points of the ongoing changes in research in a convenient Question and Answer format which allows a selective overview of the highlights of newly established facts and observations.
Please remember that big name, long established companies have long abdicated the main part of their research in- itiative to government planners and we no longer can look to them for leadership. The energy is extracted from the G-Field, formerly known also as the Ether-Field, indentifiable today as a real acceptable, subnuclear and sub-quantic medium. Eeeman U. Vallee, France. A remarkable confirmation of the claims of Nicola TESLA who, more than years ago, expressed his belief that "before many generations will have passed," mankind will be able to extract unlimited power at any place.
Some of the world renown scientists who affirmed their belief in the existance of a universal ETHER or Forcefield are: To deny the ether is ultimately to assume that empty space has no physical qualities whatever.
The fundamental facts of mechanics do not harmonize with this view According to the General Theory of Relativity, space is endowed with physical qualities; in this sense, therefore, there exists an ether. According to the General Theory of Relativity space without ether is unthinkable However practically all textbooks in physics omit this fact. Einstein himself has gone on record stating on his 70th birthday: But, on closer look, it is quite dif- ferent.
There is not a single concept of which I am convinced that it will stand firm and I am not sure if I was on the right track after all. That is, emission represents the sudden appearance of extra energy in the ordinary universe, and absorption represents the sudden disappearance of some energy from the ordinary universe. Every charged particle in the universe constantly does both processes.
Even the neutron is continually breaking into different virtual, charged particles. Either of these situations warps and twists spacetime itself. This in the region of a magnetic pole or of a strong static charge, conservation of energy need not apply. Specifically, for large, massive atoms of some heavy elements, violation of ordinary "linear" magnetism—and hence of the linear conservation of energy law—has already been noted. The entire business of using this to produce a free energy device depends simply on the cleverness of the inventor.
It is also possible to time the applications of both effects—static electric stress and magnetic monoploar stress - with an ordinary electromagnetic rotary device to produce seemingly "Free" energy.
And so the potential is there for free energy. To the question,"Can it in principle be done? Any comments? This applied only to so-called "closed systems" in our technology, like turbines, combustion engines, steam engines, etc. Nature shows that the movement of electrons around the atomic nuclear, planets around the suns, etc. Examples of Perpetuum Mobile Actions are, among others: This does not exclude an unseen energy source such as the G-Field!
It is this that separates practical perpetual motion from the laws of thermodynamics! Permanent magnets act as "cosmic energy pumps" or "gravitational diodes. The development of very strong magnets, so-called "Super-Magnets' NIB's made from exotic alloys, makes G-Field converters and generators possi- ble. But we science idiots cannot do this; this has to come from the outside. As a tax write-off, it can be more attractive to an investor than giving to a favorite charity.
In reference to Item 5 above: Since the IRS vrs SNOW case of , it is held that a new limited partnership organized for the purpose of financing the development of a new process or product is entitled to deduct research, ex- perimentation and development costs.
However, there is no doubt whatsoever about the feasability of the technology as such. Schaffranke, h. It's simply a crisis of ignorance. Buckminster Fuller. In the macro world, science is based on the law that a perpetual motion machine is absolutely impossible.
This is the state of today's science??? John W.
William Whamond-Canada. There is no doubt that Nicola Tesla's monumental scientific work in the electrical energy field ranks him as one of the greatest applied scientists of all time! His most outstanding contribution to the electrical engineering field was the polyphase A. He was instrumental in bringing about the wide scale acceptance of A.
C, at sixty cycles per second, as the standard power source in the United States. The construction of two A. It is significant to note that Nicola Tesla began to fall into disfavor with the establishment of the time, when he pro- posed the development of the direct transmission of electricity based on his Colorado Springs experiments of He was slowly cut off from future funding and began to lose the support of his principal backer, J.
Morgan during the early 's. Of nearly similar importance to electrical technology was the development of the now famous Tesla Coil which pro- duces very high voltages and the application of these to a variety of electrical products.
Tesla coil designs have seen application in several "free energy" units such as the Hubbard Generator which was basically an amplifying transformer unit. Henry Moray the inventor of the first successful radiant energy conversion system was said to have been greatly influenced by the pioneering electrical work of Nicola Tesla.
Although Guglielmo Marconi has generally been given the credit for inventing the first wireless voice transmission radio , much of his functional hardware was based on Tesla's early work with radio wave theory and several issued patents.
Nicola Tesla did not hold a large number of U. Although he was preeminent in advanced electrical engineer- ing, he also made sizable contributions to mechanical technology with his unique disc turbine, some early aircraft designs, engine components and instrumentation. It is not widely known that Nicola Tesla built and tested an electric automobile in the early 's.
Although the ex- act technical details are now obscured by time, it was known that a large electric motor was powered by a special elec- trical unit containing a vacuum tube array, which appeared to be a radiant energy converter. These conclusions have been drawn by the presence on the tubes, and a six foot long antenna, plus a variable tuning means, but the operating details remain unexplained.
Tesla can be credited with being a pioneer in radiant energy conversion with his two U. Both patents were issued in November of , and consisted of condensers with one plate charged by radiant energy and the other plate charged by independent means. A circuit is connected to the condenser terminals which were adapted to be operated by the discharge of the condensers.
There is no record of any prototypes being built for these designs, but it is believed that they served as a basis for Dr. Moray's subsequent work in this experimental area. It is quite clear that Nicola Tesla was convinced of the practicality of converting the energy in space to our needs, but his efforts in this direction were never realized. He cited ex- periments in which he observed changes in these values according to the season of the year, phase of the moon, and even the time of day.
As intriguing as these observations are, Tesla made another comment which greatly increases their importance. In describing the oscillating circuit he models it on the mechanical system of a spring and a weight. He said, "The capaci- ty of the electric circuit corresponds to the pliability of the spring and the inductance to the mass of the weight. Being rigorous in the interpretation of this analogy a reader can hardly escape the conclusion that if inductance equals mass and inductance is variable, then mass must be a variable value in a resonant oscillatory circuit.
This is to say that mass change, of the charge carrier, takes place in anelectrical system. Tesla was an outspoken opponent of relativity theory and believed that mass was mass and force was force and never shall the two be equated to each other, but for all of his intellectual opposition to the concept he was faithful to his observations, though he felt it necessary to call the effect by another name.
Mass, as is known from other experimenters, changes under the influence of motion, that is by moving the mass over some distance during a certain period of time. Mass increase, then, is related to the velocity of the charge carriers in the circuit. Time, too, is linked to the volocity of an object. According to the FitzGerald ratio, the time lapsed observed on a body at a given velocity relative to the time lapse at rest to is: This means its would take one hour of the observer's time for half an hour to seem to pass on the moving object.
This would point to the possibility that in an oscillating electrical circuit very high energy processes could be taking place which would cause a time dilation of the observed effects. In a properly constructed electrical oscillator conduc- tion electrons, if accelerated with sufficient energy, would undergo large mass changes which would allow charge car- riers to be observed in motion over a significantly long interval because time has slowed down within the circuit.
Charge carriers in motion over a long time interval would appear as a self-sustaining current. At million volts, Tesla's larger coils were certainly energetic enough to produce such effects. Comparison tests have been made between conventionally wound high voltage coils and modified Tesla coils with significant results.
Both types of coils were the same size, using the same wire size and power input.
The conventional coil plotted resonance at 3. Nicola Tesla believed that it was possible to transmit electrical energy over any distance without wires, and con- ducted numerous tests to verify this concept. The special laboratory constructed at Colorado Springs, Colorado, was set up for this purpose, along with provi- sion for wireless radio transmission projects.
As the laboratory was completed during , the construction of an amplifying transmitter was started which lead to the tests on transmitting electrical energy over short distances. One major discovery made during these early experiments was the extraordinary behavior of the atmosphere during the transmission of high voltage electrical impulses. The experiments showed that air at normal atmospheric pressure is freely conductive to electricity, which was most encouraging for the continuing of further experiments.
Further tests revealed that electrical transmission in the air of several million volts is enhanced at higher altitudes where the at- mospheric pressure is considerably lower. Tesla calculated that the distance between the transmission and receiving stations made little difference, and that these distances might be only a few miles apart, or several thousands of miles.
The only factor involved in long elec- trical transmission distances would be the high elevations required for the towers to compensate for the earth's cur- vature. The tentative specifications for the commercial electrical transmission plants were: Two stations terminals main- tained at an elevation of not more than 35, feet above sea level, the electrical voltage maintained at 15 million to 20 million volts, which could produce the energy of thousands of horsepower; with the transmission distances ranging from hundreds to thousands of miles.
Realizing that elevations of thirty to thirty-five thousand feet are both difficult and costly to achieve, Tesla's group aimed at considerably reducing the tower height required for a practical system. The electrical transmission tower at Wardenclyffe on Long Island, at a height of about feet is the apparent result of the tower height compromise ar- rived at for short transmission distances. Three U. While this direct transmission of electrical energy has been proven practical by Tesla's extensive tests, it must be noted that the method presents several operating problems and hazards in practical application.
Low flying planes, birds, foreign objects which enter the transmission zone would be destroyed, so that operational safety is open to question. The Danish Institute of Ecological Techniques is an officially registered association now counting members December Meetings are held at the University of Copenhagen.
The association has an ongoing multi-project alternative energy program organized with a number of basic concepts under research and development. This program is under the direction of Asst. Borge Frokjer-Jensen, and it is mainly dealing with selecting basic unit concepts which have already shown some initial success and with reviewing each of these to see if further development can be made to them. A unit feature is the project organization of the association: Further projects are mentioned in chapter 4 under Viktor Schauberger Projects.
In considering the Hubbard Amplifying Transformer, this device was originally rebuilt and evolved by members of the Swedish Ecological Institute, Stockholm, who have run tests on this unit and have found an electrical power step- up of about 3: Description of the Hubbard Amplifying Transformer Of all the various types of free energy units recorded and witnessed during the early twentieth century, none has been more controversial and indeterminate than the multi-coil transformer unit introduced by Alfred M.
Hubbard in The various newspaper accounts are technically contradictory and the actions of Hubbard generally inconsistent with any valid energy project. There have reportedly been at least four distinct modes of operation recorded for the Hubbard unit, with only one having a valid and proven cord of functioning. The various methods are as follows: C cycle input, per newspaper articles.
It was large, requiring meters of wire, and ran down to half voltage in Tesla's writings and the reports about other inventors following Tesla suggest that smaller devices with longer damping times could be built. In "On Light and Other High Frequency Phenomena," , Tesla says that "It is easy, by observing certain artifices, to wind a coil through which the impedance will be reduced to the value of ohmic resistance only," during the discussion of coils of apparently smaller dimensions.
Also, the coil system built by Hubbard in and pictured with a newspaper story which was reported to have a damping time of several hours suggest that such a device could be built on a smaller scale.
Capacitors and Inductors Coils or inductors are one of the building blocks of radio. Another building block is what is called a capacitor or a condenser. This device is iust two metal plates very close together, separated either by air or by an insulating solid material.
The dimensions are 6 in. If the for other purposes. Consider, for instance, what total flux is there is a charge on the posi- would happen if we removed the battery of Fig. The voltage V together by means of a wire as shown in Fig. A across the capacitor is related to the electric field E current would tend to flow from the positive plate between the plates. If the field is constant between the plates and if the distance between the plates is to the negative plate. As a matter of fact, the tional to the voltage V; that is, Q is equal to V multi- current would oscillate back and forth sinusoidal- plied by a constant C: The behavior of the current is like the oscillations of a mass supported by a spring.
The The constant C is called the capacitance of the capacitor is analogous to the spring. This behavior is also like that of an elec- tromagnetic wave trapped in a closed box or resonator, that is, a standing wave.
It should be, for both are governed by the same laws—that is, Maxwell's equations. The work and operating hardware of Dr. A full description of Dr. Moray's work on radiant energy systems is covered in his book: Moray's extensive work in the field carries over from Nicola Tesla's earlier theme that the earth was enveloped in an electrical energy zone that was free to be harnessed.
During the early 's Dr. Moray experimented with solid state circuitry, cold cathode ray tubes and discovered the electronic properties of a "soft, white, stone-like substance Swedish stone which he used as "Moray valves" in the early radiant energy devices.
It is known that this semi- conductive "Moray valve" was the key component of these radiant energy systems which were comprised of a moderate array of vacuum tubes, a power supply, step-up circuitry and a foot long antenna. The key point in the basic value of Dr. Moray's radiant energy systems is that they were witnessed and documented, and produced up to 50 K.
Some of his smaller versions con- sistently produced about 3. As is true in most cases of proven and demonstrated devices and systems, Dr. Moray was subjected to harassment for his work, including being shot at, and having a test system destroyed by an observer. Although he had a number of loyal friends and believers, the damage caused by his enemies was instrumental in preventing his system from being fully developed and marketed.
It is interesting to note that Dr. Moray received a U. A complete review of patent No. The high potential, high frequency electrical field is said to produce a theraputic effect on patients. Attempts have been made over the intervening years to duplicate Dr. Moray's original radiant energy system, but with no reported successes achieved to date. It is unlikely that any possible success with this technology would be disclosed now in view of the suppression imposed on such "free energy" systems.
At this point it is appropriate to consider the various factors in Dr. Moray's system which produce such a relatively high level of power output. There have been a number of radiant energy devices developed such as Lester Hendershot's device and some others listed elsewhere in this manual, but none of these present the high power levels achieved by Dr. Moray's technology.
The next stage in such a system must be stepping up the power level through the use of coils, capacitors and transformers. A disclosed schematic of the Moray system indicated a coil in parallel with the Moray Valve, with one leg connected to the antenna, and the other leg to ground. Two tuning capacitors are also in parallel with the detector portion of the circuitry. A total of three vacuum tubes along with three transformers are connected in series from the parallel leads from the detector portion of the circuitry.
Lester Hendershot received publicity for his small electrical power unit during the 's, and this unit produced useful electrical power at about watts, but tended to be erratic and difficult to start up during numerous test demonstrations. The unit was first built in the 's and was based on tapping the space energy field in a similar way to the T.
Moray energy system. Some researchers call Hendershot's unit a Moray device in miniature, but there are substantial differences in the components, construction and operation of these two concepts.
The Hendershot generator was the subject of considerable publicity and he conducted private demonstrations from time to time during the 's. There are conflicting theories on how the Hendershot unit works, one being that the electrical activitiy in the coils causes a stress potential in the capacitors located within the two coils. Electron flow tends toward the inner plate, and thereby initial electrical activity drives them back.
The basket-weave coils had a cylindrical capacitor incorporated into them, since a capacitance factor is necessary in these types of units to store the charges that are being built up in the coil sets. The coil frequency was within the radio broadcast range and the induction level was compatible with radio art also. A set of small coils 2 was located adjacent to the iron clapper unit, to receive the electromagnetic pulses from the clapper-magnet combination.
The combined magnet-coil assembly was mounted on a slide so that an adjustable screw could move the clapper in relation to the magnet, and thus change the "buzz" frequency. The two transformers required for the Hendershot circuity are vertical oscillator transformers which can be obtain- ed from old T.
The turns ratio should be 5: A total of six capacitors are required for the assembly, two of these being the central capacitors within the basket- weave coils. Two dual electrolytic capacitors are required, which are standard Pyramid TM 58 units, rated at Mfd. A schematic of the Hendershot Generator is included with this description, but the full construction details are not provided, since they are available from other sources.
Although the construction of the complex basket-weave coils is involved and time-consuming, the Hendershot Generator represents a generally desirable type of free-energy device of the solid-state type. Patent No. Crump-Atmospheric Energy Device This radiant energy conversion art is quite significant since it discloses three distinct conversion applications circuits which are both practical and worthy of further study and improvement.
The accompanying schematics show the three versions, along with the identification of each component within the three circuit diagrams. Of particular interest is the circuit diagram shown in FIG. This arrange- ment should offer the best combination of components to produce a high potential output from a radiant energy source.
The circuit version shown in FIG. There is a general similarity of Crump's work to that of Lester Hendershot, except for the addition of the antenna and diodes in Crump's art. It should be noted that the tuning capacitor in Crump's circuit is a desirable feature in any Radiant Energy device, since these circuits need to be "tuned" to R.
The addition of the diodes in Crump's circuitry increases polarization efficiency, and generally improves the R. It should be noted that it is believed that Dr. Moray also used antenna-coupled coils directly connected to his foot long directional antenna, as the Crump input circuitry indicates. In a general manner, the Crump circuitry appears to bridge between the art of Moray and Hendershot in the selec- tion and application of the various components, as can be seen from a review of their circuit components.
The antenna operates as a dependent power supply for the system. An input signal turns on the power amplifying antenna which draws on the potential between two points in the environment to complete a circuit through a form of inductive coupling. The result is amplified energy for the load to be driven.
Stockman This patent describes an electromagnetic transducing apparatus responsive to radiant energy, a transducing means for converting high frequency radiant energy into corresponding high frequency electrical signals. Detection means coupled to the transducing means for converting the high frequency electrical signals into unipolar electrical energy.
Also required is a source of first magnetic field, and means responsive to the unipolar electrical energy for establishing a second magnetic field. An adjustment means between the first and second magnetic field means. The prototype unit consisted of an "antenna," hollow metallic ball made of thin conductive metal which served as the "etheric" collection component. The collection antenna ball was secured to a vertical copper large diameter rod.
A conductor wire was coil-formed around this vertical rod and connected to an outer circular primary coil. The two working coils of the arrangement are the outer, circular primary coil which is toroidally wound around an inert circular and round coil form. A second, or secondary circular, toroidally wound coil is wound in a continuous in- volute pattern within the outer primary, circular primary coil.
The circular primary and involute, inner secondary coils are wound in opposite hand directions. The toroidally wound primary and secondary coils have merit, since the coils can have a relatively large number of turns within a confined volume. It is claimed that this device produces about watts of D. His circuitry includes clusters of diodes and capacitors in a cascading pattern used to convert and amplify the radio waves into useful electricity.
A total of twelve diodes IN34 along with ten capacitors are arrayed in a sym- metrical form, - six diodes and five capacitors, per side of the symmetrical formed circuitry.
This type of R. While both the diode and capacitor components are desirable in such R. Hall is essentially a single detector and conversion device, as shown in FIG.
The device is comprised of a sealed container which houses a window, a diaphragm, a disc elec- trode connected to a vertical rod which is an electrode or terminal. The sealed container housing forms the other ter- minal of the device.
The device operates by changes in the capacitance between the disc electrode and the detection chamber directly above it. This device is deemed to be less effective in R.
Plauson Conversion-of Atmospheric Electric Energy This atmospheric energy conversion arrangement is generally similar to the art of L. WIN is the acronym for "World Into Neutrinos" and chosen to create an image of the world circulating around the sun, the sun and its planets moving through its galaxy and all moving through the Universe at a rate of kilometers a second - that of planet earth moving through a sea of neutrinos.
The neutrino is a subatomic particle in the lepton class and is the smallest neutral particle. Physics literature gives reports of current studies to determine the mass of the neutrino with best upper limit projections of 60 eV for the elec- tron neutrino and 1, eV for the muon neutrino. Two patents, U. If he reduced these to practice they were not mentioned in the general literature on his life.
Henry Moray also chose to call his energy source "radiant energy" and demonstrated the production of watts using "a small wooden box about 18"x24"x24" His work was reported in the book The Sea Of Energy. The New York Times has been reporting on the present day efforts of Joe Newman to patent his device which produces 25 times more energy than it uses. Other names reported for this energy in the book by Hans A.
Nieper on Revolution on Technology, Medicine and Society are tachyon and gravity field energy. The hypothesis upon which my work is based is that the neutrino flux is the source. In a sense this is academic as the most important question is "what is the yield and the capital cost per kilowatt hour?
Conversion Method Figure 1 is a schematic drawing of my energy conversion process. The flux enters into the crystal from the top, is con- centrated and flows into the dam.
A reaction occurs in a propriatary ceramic material which results in the production of excess electrons. These flow through the load to ground and do work. The process is simple with no mechanical moving parts. In my present mock-up model I use an outside power supply to activate the device and am just beginning studies on yields.
The near term goal is to attain a percent yield with the feed-back circuit to be developed later. Direct cur- rent is utilized and multimeters across the dam segments have shown current simultaneously leaving the dam in both directions. This is evidence that my concept is working. Potential Applications There are no known limitations of the amount of power which can be produced as this is a function of the design and the load.
The base area of the crystal is important but is not limited to the flux through which the device moves as the sides are subtended to a much larger area. Scale-up factors of 10 are probably maximum for safety reasons. My pre- sent model should be capable of reaching one kilowatt. It will be the decision of the process owners as to how far to go in scale-up sizes.
It has been my thinking that it will be desirable to eliminate electric power transmission lines coming into an application. Others will have to decide whether to scale up to power an entire country, a state, a city or an in- dividual in that city.
The most obvious application seems to be a power supply for all electric homes, one having a capacity of 10 KVA. In industrial applications such as arc melting steel separate units for each furnace battery may be preferrable to one unit for the entire plant as the electrode can become a part of the conversion device. Yield and Cost The amount of power lost in the conversion process is expected to be small, perhaps one percent which may be lost in the dam and the two spark gaps.
Fuel costs will be zero as we will be converting free energy in a manner similar to hydroelectric power. This is too early to project actual costs of manufacture. The decision to sell or lease these units will be a business decision made by others. Patent Considerations My present plan is to apply for a U. Patent only on the mechanism of energy conversion. Apparatus patents will be the problem of the organization to which the mechanism patent is assigned as well as all foreign patents.
Henry Moray Projects. Power In Figure L. The alternating power going into the mock-up model is calculated by multiplying the alternating current times the alternating voltage in accordance with Ohm's Law. The alternating current is measured with a Universal Enterprise DM multimeter on the 10 ampere scale. Fifteen one megohm resistors between the high voltage leads having a one percent accuracy are used as a voltage divider. In experiment number two on October 6 the alternating power going to the rectifier bridge was 1, watts.
Direct current goes from the bridge through a Simpson 0 to 2 Ampere D. This meter indicates the current going to the mock-up model. Power loss in the crystal is negligible as determined by feel. The window is closed in the present series of experiments and has zero power loss. The total voltage of the seven segments is multiplied times the direct current to calculate the dam power loss, in accordance with Ohm's Law.
Any alternating current is ignored. Only one side load is presently being used and this consists of a bank of watt light bulbs in parallel. A test bulb is placed close to one of the load bulbs and brought to the same light level as one of the load bulbs through a variable transformer. Two people agree on the light intensity match before ting the test bulb. Current to the bulb is measured with the DM multimeter mentioned earlier.
Wattage of one bulb multiplied times the number of bulbs gives the power loss in the side load. Electricity goes from the dam to the post across an air gap. In an experiment, the A. After an experiment the gap is closed and the power supply brought up to the same current level used in the experiment and the A.
The voltage difference is attributed to the voltage drop across the gap. That times the direct current is used to calculate the power loss in the gap.
Any alternating current is ignored in order to be conservative. Power goes from the dam post to the front load as shown in Figure 2. A low resistance load is placed between the post and the front load to function as a voltage divider. Power loss in the front load is calculated using I2 R, in accordance with Ohm's Law. Resistance of the back load is measured with the Micronta multimeter. Yield At this stage I am more interested in proving that an energy gain has been achieved than in the actual amount of gain.
It is useful to be able to relate changes in the mock-up model to yields but in most experi- ments only the effect on meter readings is noted. Relationships should hold even though the inaccuracy may be higher than desired. Once an energy gain has been proved scale up to higher efficiencies becomes an engineering problem rather than a scientific one. To summarize:. This is in the reasonably confident range and adequate for marketing. As the "real world" of applied physics slowly unfolds for us in the coming years, the name of John Searl will surely take his rightful place along with the truly great men of science!
John Searl has played a major role towards the understanding and application of anti-gravity research and actual flight. Searl's name will become known to anti-gravity flight in the same way that Robert Goddard has become the founder of rocket space flight, and they have been following similar paths towards the realization of their technologies.
Although the name of John Searl is known only to a relatively few scientists and engineers, his now-famous "levity discs" are an outstanding example of tachyon field activity at its ultimate usefulness due to the extremely high peripherial disc velocities. A total of forty-one levity discs of various types and sizes have been built, tested and flown over the period from through , which were unpublicized events at the time.
It must be noted that Searl, as an advanced electrical researcher in England originally started out to build an improved electrical generator in horizontal disc form.
By concentrating the magnetic fields of the stator and armature magnets the motive force imposed upon the armature magnet is intensified, and in the disclosed embodiments, the means for achieving this magnetic field concentration are shown. This method comprises of a plate of high magnetic field permeability placed behind one side of the stator magnets and solidly engaged with them.
The magnetic field of the armature magnet may be concentrated and directionally oriented by bowing the armature magnet, and the magnetic field may further be concentrated by shaping the pole ends of the armature magnet to concentrate the magnet field at a relatively limited surface at the armature magnet pole ends. Preferably, several armature magnets are used and these are staggered relative to each other in the direction their movement. Such an offsetting or staggering of the armature magnets distributes the impulses of force imposed upon the armature magnets and results in a smoother application of forces to the armature magnet producing a smoother and more uniform movement of the armature component.
In the rotary embodiment of the permanent magnet motor of the invention the stator magnets are arranged in a circle, and the armature magnets rotate about the stator magnets.
A mechanism is shown which can move the armature relative to the stator and this controls the magnitude of the magnetic forces, altering the speed of rotation of the motor.
In Fig. In accord with the theory of the invention the spinning of the ferrous unpaired electrons results from the atomic structure of ferrous materials and this spinning atomic particle is believed to be opposite in charge and located at right angles to the moving electrons. It is assumed to be very small in size capable of penetrating other elements and their compounds unless they have unpaired electrons which capture these particles as they endeavour to pass through.
The lack of electrical resistance of conductors at a critical superconductor state has long been recognised, and superconductors have been utilised to produce very high magnetic flux density electromagnets. A permanent magnet may be considered a superconductor as the electron flow therein does not cease, and is without resistance, and unpaired electric spinning particles exist which, in the practice of the invention, are utilised to produce motor force. The accumulated electron spins occurring about the diameter of the magnet 5 are represented at 6 in Fig.
By utilising the electron spinning theory of ferrous material electrons, it is possible with the proper ferromagnetic materials, geometry and magnetic concentration to utilise the spinning electrons to produce a motive force in a continuous direction, thereby resulting in a motor capable of doing work.
It is appreciated that the embodiments of motors utilising the concepts of the invention may take many forms, and in the illustrated forms the basic relationships of components are illustrated in order to disclose the inventive concepts and principles. The relationships of the plurality of magnets defining the stator 10 are best appreciated from Figs.
The stator magnets 12 are preferably of a rectangular configuration, Fig. The stator magnets include side edges 14 and 16 and end edges The stator magnets are mounted upon a supporting plate 20, which is preferably of a metal having a high permeability to magnetic fields and magnetic flux such as that available under the trademark Netic CoNetic sold by Perfection Mica Company of Chicago, Illinois. Thus, the plate 20 will be disposed toward the south pole of the stator magnets 12, and preferably in direct engagement therewith, although a bonding material may be interposed between the magnets and the plate in order to accurately locate and fix the magnets on the plate, and position the stator magnets with respect to each other.
Preferably, the spacing between the stator magnets 12 slightly differs between adjacent stator magnets as such a variation in spacing varies the forces being imposed upon the armature magnet at its ends, at any given time, and thus results in a smoother movement of the armature magnet relative to the stator magnets.
Thus, the stator magnets so positioned relative to each other define a track 22 having a longitudinal direction left to right as viewed in Figs. In Figs. For purposes of understanding the concepts of the invention the description herein will be limited to the use of single armature magnet as shown in Figs. The armature magnet is of an elongated configuration wherein the length extends from left to right, Fig.
For magnetic field concentrating and orientation purposes the magnet 24 is formed in an arcuate bowed configuration as defined by concave surfaces 26 and convex surfaces 28, and the poles are 8 defined at the ends of the magnet as will be appreciated from Fig. For further magnetic field concentrating purposes the ends of the armature magnet are shaped by bevelled surfaces 30 to minimise the cross sectional area at the magnet ends 32, and the magnetic flux existing between the poles of the armature magnet are as indicated by the light dotted lines.
In like manner the magnetic fields of 6 the stator magnets 12 are indicated by the light dotted lines. The armature magnet 24 is maintained in a spaced relationship above the stator track This spacing may be accomplished by mounting the armature magnet upon a slide, guide or track located above the stator magnets, or the armature magnet could be mounted upon a wheeled vehicle carriage or slide supported upon a non-magnetic surface or guideway disposed between the stator magnets and the armature magnet.
To clarify the illustration, the means for supporting the armature magnet 24 is not illustrated and such means form no part of invention, and it is to be understood that the means supporting the armature magnet prevents the armature magnet from moving away from the stator magnets, or moving closer thereto, but permits free movement of the armature magnet to the left or right in a direction parallel to the track 22 defined by the stator magnets.
It will be noted that the length of the armature magnet 24 is slightly greater than the width of two of the stator magnets 12 and the spacing between them. The magnetic forces acting upon the armature magnet when in the position of Fig.
The relative strength of this force is represented by the thickness of the force line. The resultant of the force vectors imposed upon the armature magnet as shown in Fig. While the forces 34 constitute repulsion forces tending to move the north pole of the armature magnet away from the stator magnets, the attraction forces imposed upon the south pole of the armature magnet and some of the repulsion forces, tend to move the armature magnet further to the left, and as the resultant force 38 continues to be toward the left the armature magnet continues to be forced to the left.
Upon the armature magnet being reversed such that the north pole is positioned at the right as viewed in Fig. The armature magnets are of a shape and configuration identical to that of the embodiment of Fig. By so staggering a plurality of armature magnets a smoother movement of the interconnected armature magnets is produced as compared when using a single armature magnet as there is variation in the forces acting upon each armature magnet as it moves above the track 22 due to the change in magnetic forces imposed thereon.
The use of several armature magnets tends to "smooth out" the application of forces imposed upon linked armature magnets, resulting in a smoother movement of the armature magnet assembly. Of course, any number of armature magnets may be interconnected, limited only by the width of the stator magnet track In this embodiment the principle of operation is identical to that described above, but the orientation of the stator and armature magnets is such that rotation of the armature magnets is produced about an axis, rather than a linear movement being achieved.
The stator member 48 is made of a non-magnetic material, such as synthetic plastic, aluminium, or the like. The stator includes a cylindrical surface 50 having an axis, and a threaded bore 52 is concentrically defined in the stator. The stator includes an annular groove 54 receiving an annular sleeve 56 of high magnetic field permeability material such as Netic Co-Netic and a plurality of stator magnets 58 are affixed upon the sleeve 56 in spaced circumferential relationship as will be apparent in Fig.
Preferably, the stator magnets 58 are formed with converging radial sides as to be of a wedge configuration having a curved inner surface engaging sleeve 56, and a convex pole surface The armature 62, in the illustrated embodiment, is of a dished configuration having a radial web portion, and an axially extending portion The armature 62 is formed of a non-magnetic material, and an annular belt receiving groove 66 is defined therein for receiving a belt for transmitting power from the armature to a generator, or other power consuming device.
Three armature magnets 68 are mounted on the armature portion 64, and such magnets are of a configuration similar to the armature magnet configuration of Figs. The magnets 68 are staggered with respect to each other in a circumferential direction wherein the magnets are not placed exactly degrees apart but instead, a slight angular staggering of the armature magnets is desirable to "smooth out" the magnetic forces being imposed upon the armature as a result of the magnetic forces being simultaneously imposed upon each of the armature magnets.
The staggering of the armature magnets 68 in a circumferential direction produces the same effect as the staggering of the armature magnets 40 and 42 as shown in Fig.
The armature 62 is mounted upon a threaded shaft 70 by anti-friction bearings 72, and the shaft 70 is threaded into the stator threaded bore 52, and may be rotated by the knob In this manner rotation of the knob 74, and shaft 70, axially displaces the armature 62 with respect to the stator magnets 58, and such axial displacement will very the magnitude of the magnetic forces imposed upon the armature magnets 68 by the stator magnets thereby controlling the speed of rotation of the armature.
As will be noted from Figs. If the distance between the armature magnets and the stator magnets is reduced the forces imposed upon the armature magnets by the stator magnets are increased, and the resultant force 8 vector tending to displace the armature magnets in their path of movement increases. However, the decreasing of the spacing between the armature and stator magnets creates a "pulsation" in the movement of the armature magnets which is objectionable, but can be, to some extent, minimised by using a plurality of armature magnets.
Increasing the distance between the armature and stator magnets reduces the pulsation tendency of the armature magnet, but also reduces the magnitude of the magnetic forces imposed upon the armature magnets. Thus, the most effective spacing between the armature and stator magnets is that spacing which produces the maximum force vector in the direction of armature magnet movement, with a minimum creation of objectionable pulsation.
In the disclosed embodiments the high permeability plate 20 and sleeve 56 are disclosed for concentrating the magnetic field of the stator magnets, and the armature magnets are bowed and have shaped ends for magnetic field concentration purposes. While such magnetic field concentration means result in higher forces imposed upon the armature magnets for given magnet intensities, it is not intended that the inventive concepts be limited to the use of such magnetic field concentrating means.
The length of the armature magnets as related to the width of the stator magnets and spacing between them, the dimension of the air gap and the configuration of the magnetic field, combined, produce the desired result and motion. The inventive concepts may be practised even though these relationships may be varied within limits not yet defined and the invention is intended to encompass all dimensional relationships which achieve the desired goal of armature movement.
By way of example, with respect to Figs. The air gap between the poles of the armature magnet and the stator magnets is approximately 1. In effect, the stator magnets define a magnetic field track of a single polarity transversely interrupted at spaced locations by the magnetic fields produced by the lines of force existing between the poles of the stator magnets and the unidirectional force exerted on the armature magnet is a result of the repulsion and attraction forces existing as the armature magnet traverses this magnetic field track.
It is to be understood that the inventive concept embraces an arrangement wherein the armature magnet component is stationary and the stator assembly is supported for movement and constitutes the moving component, and other variations of the inventive concept will be apparent to those skilled in the art without departing from the scope thereof.
As used herein the term "track" is intended to include both linear and circular arrangements of the static magnets, and the "direction" or "length" of the track is that direction parallel or concentric to the intended direction of armature magnet movement. I claim: 1.