Waiting for Godot tragicomedy in 2 acts. By. Samuel Beckett. Estragon. Vladimir. Lucky. Pozzo a boy. ACT I. A country road. A tree. Evening. Estragon, sitting on. aracer.mobi On Food and Cooking Harold Mcgee. Absurd, Grotesque, and Meaningless Meanings in Waiting for Godot. Waiting for Godot Script - Download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online. The script for Waiting for Godot.
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Waiting For aracer.mobi - Download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online . 4. The two main characters in the play are waiting for (a) Pozzo. (b) Godot. (c) the Boy. (d) Lucky. 5. Testimonial Program and Christmas Party Script. West Yorkshire Playhouse / Waiting for Godot / Resource Pack .. find moments in the script that may give us clues about their past and discuss how they have. Waiting for Godot Assessment Preparation & Rubric aracer.mobi File Size: kb. File Type: pdf.
In the first Act, the boy, despite arriving while Pozzo and Lucky are still about, does not announce himself until after Pozzo and Lucky leave, saying to Vladimir and Estragon that he waited for the other two to leave out of fear of the two men and of Pozzo's whip; the boy does not arrive early enough in Act II to see either Lucky or Pozzo. In both Acts, the boy seems hesitant to speak very much, saying mostly "Yes Sir" or "No Sir", and winds up exiting by running away.
Godot[ edit ] The identity of Godot has been the subject of much debate. It is just implied in the text, but it's not true. The first is that because feet are a recurring theme in the play, Beckett has said the title was suggested to him by the slang French term for boot: " godillot , godasse ". The second story, according to Bair, is that Beckett once encountered a group of spectators at the French Tour de France bicycle race, who told him "Nous attendons Godot" — they were waiting for a competitor whose name was Godot.
This seemed to disappoint him greatly. But you must remember — I wrote the play in French, and if I did have that meaning in my mind, it was somewhere in my unconscious and I was not overtly aware of it. However, "Beckett has often stressed the strong unconscious impulses that partly control his writing; he has even spoken of being 'in a trance ' when he writes. Unlike elsewhere in Beckett's work, no bicycle appears in this play, but Hugh Kenner in his essay "The Cartesian Centaur"  reports that Beckett once, when asked about the meaning of Godot, mentioned "a veteran racing cyclist, bald, a 'stayer', recurrent placeman in town-to-town and national championships, Christian name elusive, surname Godeau, pronounced, of course, no differently from Godot.
Beckett himself said the emphasis should be on the first syllable, and that the North American pronunciation is a mistake. Borchardt checked with Beckett's nephew, Edward, who told him his uncle pronounced it that way as well.
Two men are waiting on a country road by a tree. The men are of unspecified origin, though it is clear that they are not English by nationality since they refer to currency as francs , and tell derisive jokes about the English — and in English-language productions the pair are traditionally played with Irish accents.
The script calls for Estragon to sit on a low mound but in practice—as in Beckett's own German production—this is usually a stone. In the first act the tree is bare. In the second, a few leaves have appeared despite the script specifying that it is the next day. The minimal description calls to mind "the idea of the lieu vague, a location which should not be particularised". In Act I, Vladimir turns toward the auditorium and describes it as a bog.
In the Cackon country! Interpretations[ edit ] "Because the play is so stripped down, so elemental, it invites all kinds of social and political and religious interpretation", wrote Normand Berlin in a tribute to the play in Autumn , "with Beckett himself placed in different schools of thought, different movements and 'ism's.
The attempts to pin him down have not been successful, but the desire to do so is natural when we encounter a writer whose minimalist art reaches for bedrock reality. There are ritualistic aspects and elements taken directly from vaudeville  and there is a danger in making more of these than what they are: that is, merely structural conveniences, avatars into which the writer places his fictional characters. The play "exploits several archetypal forms and situations, all of which lend themselves to both comedy and pathos.
Of course you use it. As far back as , he remarked, "Why people have to complicate a thing so simple I can't make out. Although he had overseen many productions, this was the first time that he had taken complete control. Walter Asmus was his conscientious young assistant director. The production was not naturalistic. Beckett explained, It is a game, everything is a game.
When all four of them are lying on the ground, that cannot be handled naturalistically. That has got to be done artificially, balletically. Otherwise everything becomes an imitation, an imitation of reality [ It should become clear and transparent, not dry. It is a game in order to survive. Beckett himself sanctioned "one of the most famous mixed-race productions of Godot, performed at the Baxter Theatre in the University of Cape Town , directed by Donald Howarth , with [ The Baxter production has often been portrayed as if it were an explicitly political production, when in fact it received very little emphasis.
What such a reaction showed, however, was that, although the play can in no way be taken as a political allegory , there are elements that are relevant to any local situation in which one man is being exploited or oppressed by another. Graham Hassell writes, "[T]he intrusion of Pozzo and Lucky [ This, some feel, is an inevitable consequence of Beckett's rhythms and phraseology, but it is not stipulated in the text.
At any rate, they are not of English stock: at one point early in the play, Estragon mocks the English pronunciation of "calm" and has fun with "the story of the Englishman in the brothel". Dukore defines the characters by what they lack: the rational Go-go embodies the incomplete ego, the missing pleasure principle : e go- e go.
Di-di id-id — who is more instinctual and irrational — is seen as the backward id or subversion of the rational principle. Godot fulfills the function of the superego or moral standards. Pozzo and Lucky are just re-iterations of the main protagonists. Dukore finally sees Beckett's play as a metaphor for the futility of man's existence when salvation is expected from an external entity, and the self is denied introspection.
The shadow is the container of all our despised emotions repressed by the ego. Lucky, the shadow, serves as the polar opposite of the egocentric Pozzo, prototype of prosperous mediocrity, who incessantly controls and persecutes his subordinate, thus symbolising the oppression of the unconscious shadow by the despotic ego.
Lucky's monologue in Act I appears as a manifestation of a stream of repressed unconsciousness, as he is allowed to "think" for his master. Estragon's name has another connotation, besides that of the aromatic herb, tarragon : "estragon" is a cognate of estrogen , the female hormone Carter, This prompts us to identify him with the anima , the feminine image of Vladimir's soul.
It explains Estragon's propensity for poetry, his sensitivity and dreams, his irrational moods. Vladimir appears as the complementary masculine principle, or perhaps the rational persona of the contemplative type.
Questions such as life, death, the meaning of human existence and the place of God in that existence are among them. By and large, the theories of existentialism assert that conscious reality is very complex and without an "objective" or universally known value: the individual must create value by affirming it and living it, not by simply talking about it or philosophising it in the mind.
The play may be seen to touch on all of these issues. Martin Esslin , in his The Theatre of the Absurd , argued that Waiting for Godot was part of a broader literary movement that he called the Theatre of the Absurd , a form of theatre which stemmed from the absurdist philosophy of Albert Camus. Thus humanity is doomed to be faced with the Absurd, or the absolute absurdity of the existence in lack of intrinsic purpose. The boy or pair of boys may be seen to represent meekness and hope before compassion is consciously excluded by an evolving personality and character, and in which case may be the youthful Pozzo and Lucky.
Thus Godot is compassion and fails to arrive every day, as he says he will. No-one is concerned that a boy is beaten. Christian[ edit ] Much of the play is steeped in scriptural allusion. The boy from Act One mentions that he and his brother mind Godot's sheep and goats.
Much can be read into Beckett's inclusion of the story of the two thieves from Luke —43 and the ensuing discussion of repentance. It is easy to see the solitary tree as representative of the Christian cross or the tree of life. Some see God and Godot as one and the same. Vladimir's "Christ have mercy upon us! This reading is given further weight early in the first act when Estragon asks Vladimir what it is that he has requested from Godot:  Vladimir: "Oh John Gogarty as to whether he was a Christian, Jew or atheist , Beckett replied, 'None of the three' ".
He is by turns dismissed, satirised , or ignored, but he, and his tortured son, are never definitively discarded. The two appear to be written as a parody of a married couple. I don't think impotence has been exploited in the past. Pozzo and his slave, Lucky, arrive on the scene. Pozzo is a stout man, who wields a whip and holds a rope around Lucky's neck. Some critics have considered that the relationship of these two characters is homosexual and sado-masochistic in nature.
It has been said that the play contains little or no sexual hope; which is the play's lament, and the source of the play's humour and comedic tenderness.
He famously objected when, in the s, several women's acting companies began to stage the play. I don't even know above all don't know if he exists. And I don't know if they believe in him or not — those two who are waiting for him. The other two who pass by towards the end of each of the two acts, that must be to break up the monotony.
All I knew I showed. It's not much, but it's enough for me, by a wide margin. I'll even say that I would have been satisfied with less. As for wanting to find in all that a broader, loftier meaning to carry away from the performance, along with the program and the Eskimo pie , I cannot see the point of it.
But it must be possible Estragon , Vladimir , Pozzo , Lucky , their time and their space, I was able to know them a little, but far from the need to understand. Maybe they owe you explanations. Let them supply it. Without me. They and I are through with each other. Contrary to later legend, the reviewers were kind Some dozen reviews in daily newspapers range[d] from tolerant to enthusiastic Early public performances were not, however, without incident: during one performance "the curtain had to be brought down after Lucky's monologue as twenty, well-dressed, but disgruntled spectators whistled and hooted derisively One of the protesters [even] wrote a vituperative letter dated 2 February to Le Monde.
The actor due to play Pozzo found a more remunerative role and so the director — a shy, lean man in real life — had to step in and play the stout bombaster himself with a pillow amplifying his stomach. Both boys were played by Serge Lecointe. The entire production was done on the thinnest of shoestring budgets; the large battered valise that Martin carried "was found among the city's refuse by the husband of the theatre dresser on his rounds as he worked clearing the dustbins",  for example.
An inmate obtained a copy of the French first edition , translated it himself into German and obtained permission to stage the play. The first night had been on 29 November He wrote to Beckett in October "You will be surprised to be receiving a letter about your play Waiting for Godot, from a prison where so many thieves , forgers , toughs , homos , crazy men and killers spend this bitch of a life waiting Waiting for what?
This marked "the beginning of Beckett's enduring links with prisons and prisoners He took a tremendous interest in productions of his plays performed in prisons He even gave Rick Cluchey , a former prisoner from San Quentin , financial and moral support over a period of many years. During an early rehearsal Hall told the cast "I haven't really the foggiest idea what some of it means But if we stop and discuss every line we'll never open.
A "corrected" edition was subsequently produced in Some, like Vladimir's inability to remember the farmer's name Bonnelly  , show how the translation became more indefinite, attrition and loss of memory more pronounced. Saved from what? I find this really most extraordinarily interesting. But one of the four says that one of the two was saved. They don't agree and that's all there is to it. Vladimir watches him. You're sure it was here? He said by the tree. Why believe him rather than the others?
Who believes him? Or Friday? We can't. It's the only version they know. He turns. He rises painfully. Inspiring prospects. But what Saturday? And is it Saturday? Is it not rather Sunday? Why not? We're waiting for Godot. Do you see any others? Where are the leaves? It must be dead. He turns to Vladimir. Charming spot. It's not possible!
Or Thursday? What'll we do? Let's hang ourselves immediately! He said Saturday. But all four were there. And only one speaks of a thief being saved. Let's go. They look at the tree. Or Monday? I think. People are bloody ignorant apes. Pozzo jerks at it violently. Let's wait and see what he says. Crack of whip. Does that name mean nothing to you? Vladimir and Estragon turn towards him. Lucky carries a heavy bag. Who is Godot?
You took me for Godot. They cross the stage. You're not Mr. The rope tautens. Pozzo at the sight of Vladimir and Estragon stops short. Lucky passes before Vladimir and Estragon and exit. His name is Godot? I think so. Noise of Lucky falling with all his baggage. Vladimir takes a step towards Lucky. Estragon holds him back by the sleeve. I say does that name mean nothing to you? Vladimir and Estragon look at each other questioningly. Pozzo a whip. I present myself: Pozzo appears.
Scene 2: Pozzo drives Lucky by means of a rope passed round his neck. I am Pozzo! He thinks? I'd rather he dance. I am happy to have met you. His hat? He can't think without his hat. Tell him to think. Give him his hat. Enter Lucky backwards. Lucky stops. He stops. Let's say no more about it. Lucky dances. Every time he drops he falls asleep. Up pig! Oh no. Pozzo jerks the rope. Who is he? Oh he's a. Jerks the rope.
Up hog! Noise of Lucky getting up and picking up his baggage. Lucky puts down bag and basket. To Vladimir and Estragon. Nothing of the kind. Lucky turns. He jerks the rope.
Shall we have him dance. Exit Pozzo. It would have passed in any case. Scene 3: That passed the time. What do you want? Estragon halts. You don't know me? Noise of Lucky getting up. Panting of the victors. His hat! Vladimir seizes Lucky's hat.
Both look towards the voice. I've seen you before. Mister Albert. We're waiting for Godot..
Long silence. I don't know. Silence of Lucky. Enter Boy He halts. He falls. Words words. Tell him. You again! Estragon halts but does not raise his head. Vladimir goes towards him. They do not move. He steps back. The moon rises at back. Is that all? Yes Sir. Come here till I. Godot told me to tell you he won't come this evening but surely tomorrow. This is your first time?
In a moment it is night.
The light suddenly fails. No Sir. It wasn't you came yesterday? You did see us. Is it possible you've forgotten already? That's the way I am. I see nothing. Do you not remember? You dreamt it. Was it not there yesterday? Yes of course it was there. We nearly hanged ourselves from it. Don't touch me! Vladimir holds back. And Pozzo and Lucky. The tree.
And now it's covered with leaves. Pozzo and Lucky? He's forgotten everything! The tree? I'm tired. But you wouldn't. Look at it. Estragon looks at the tree.
Either I forget immediately or I never forget. But yesterday evening it was all black and bare. Estragon hands Vladimir's hat back to Vladimir who takes it and hands it back to Estragon who takes it and hands it back to Vladimir who takes it and throws it down. Vladimir adjusts his hat on his head. Vladimir puts on his hat in place of Estragon's which he hands to Estragon.
I've been here an hour and never saw it. Estragon adjusts his hat on his head. Very pleased. Estragon takes Lucky's hat.