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The second re-potting should happen once your plants have rooted in firmly and appear ready to be moved—this means that the plant looks stable enough to be moved. Whatever you decide to do regarding re-potting, keep one thing in mind: The less root damage the better.
Vegetative stage Vegetative stage starts when you see that the plant is looking more like a weed plant than just a regular plant, meaning that it has clear weed-like characteristics. You will start seeing the recognizable fan leaves and many branches stemming from the trunk, alongside that familiar skunky smell. Vegetative stage starts roughly around the second week for most autoflowering plants, but for others it might start in the third week.
Either way, once your plant starts growing in size by the day you will know that you successfully reached the vegetative stage. The amount of water you will use for your plants varies depending on the specifics of your grow and the environment in which you hold the plants. It also depends on the size of the plant, air temperature, soil composition, water quality and the capacity of your air filtration systems.
Let me just leave it at these 3 things: Water whenever you feel that the top of the soil is dry Bigger pots — water less often, smaller pots — water more often Make sure you have appropriate drainage to avoid overwatering Pro tip: Get yourself a bottle of carbonated water, and sprinkle the weed leaves.
Carbonated water has CO2, which your plants crave. How to clone weed plants Similarly to re-vegging autoflowering weed strains, cloning them is extremely hard or next to impossible to do. This is due to the fact that autoflowering strains have grown in the northern areas of the planet in which they had limited time to flower.
Cloning an autoflowering seed will create a plant of the same age as the mother plant. Clones share the exact same genetics as the mother plant, which includes their age. Cut at least the 2nd or 3rd node. Fill a solo cup with soil and punch a hole on the top of the soil about 10 cm deep. Shave off a bit of the skin on the bottom of the cutting so it can form roots more easily. Stick the freshly cut branch in the hole you just punched and water your new plant.
Cloning weed plants is a great way to save money and keep growing the same plant with great genetics over and over again. You can clone one plant as many times as you want, and the clone of that clone. Hell, cloning works even with cats. Flowering stage Once your plants reach a decent height and size it is time to flower. Once your plant feels the time is right, it will start flowering.
How to know if your plant is male or female? Well, in that case you will simply have to sprout all the seeds, and wait for them to grow up a bit. It is important to keep in mind that cannabis plants can also be hermaphrodites, which means that one plant has both male and female traits. Pro tip: It is very important that you keep male and female plants separate or toss the male plants away as there is a chance that male plants might ruin your grow by fertilizing the female plants.
Post-harvest stage Most autoflowering plants will show best results around the 11th or 12th week, which is usually a great time to harvest. But, before you cut your flowers and start drying, here are 2 things to know before you throw away the remaining pieces of the plant: Harvested plants can grow again and bring more crops unless they are autoflowering strains by re-vegging the plant; You can still clone the plant that you just cut up as long as there are healthy leaves.
How to re-veg weed plants To reveg a weed plant means to send it back to the vegetative phase right after the harvest. Now, I know I said that we will be using an autoflowering seed for this, and the common knowledge is that autoflowering plants cannot be re-vegged.
However, let us pretend again for a minute that we started with a photosensitive seed, in order to show you how re-vegging works. So, in order to re-veg the plants you will first have to harvest it. To sum it up: Cut off all the bigger branches and just leave the trunk of the plant snapped with a few of the smaller branches remaining Those smaller branches should have a few flowers on them.
From these flowers you will see new leafs appear and grow once the plant starts to re-veg Put the plant back into the growing room and give it 18 hours of light. You will see new branches appear from the old flowers and once it hits a decent size, put it back to 12 hours of light and 12 hours of dark so that it may flower.
Most plants that get re-vegged will start growing in a bushy manner rather than straight up as they used to. All you need to know is that the more wattage the light has, the better. The author is a big fan of W HPS lighting fixtures. Under one of these lights you could grow between plants and get somewhere in the range of oz yield after 3 months of growing.
Very inexpensive and this includes the ballast as well as the hood. Some packages even contain the necessary bulbs. If you are serious about ventilation then you can get something like a cool tube. The cool tubes pull stale air and heat from the bulb out of the grow room very efficiently. Be aware that your electrical bill will go up once you start keeping your lights on for 24 hours a day but the benefits of having your own crop outweigh this expense.
This is only done while your clones or seedlings are in the veg cycle. There is a different spectrum that growing, but not budding, plants enjoy.
If you are lucky, you can find a lighting setup that can be used with a metal halide bulb as well as an HPS bulb. With the flip of a switch and a change in the bulb, you can use both. These types of setups are getting popular and can be attained rather cheaply.
More about the vegging cycle later on in this guide. The author has found that any horticulture bulb works. In general, one bulb will last you two grow cycles or about 6 months of use.
As far as how far away from your plants you want the lights to be, you should keep them as close to the tops of your plants as you can without burning them. The farther away your lights are, the more lumens you are losing.
This lost light could be used to help the plants grow. The way to tell if you are close enough is to place your hand about the same distance from the light as your plants are.
You want to maximize the light energy but not burn the plant. In the common problems section, you will be instructed on how to recognize light burn on your plants. Two to three plants would grow fine under smaller HPS light fixtures. There are also other very expensive light fixtures and bulbs that can get the job done. Not necessarily better than any ordinary HPS fixture but will reduce electricity costs and are more efficient. People have been growing marijuana with HPS for decades now though and have consistently seen large yields.
Water The author uses regular Colorado tap water and has never had any ill effects. He makes sure that the water has a PH of between 6. The most important aspect of the water you use is that it be within the optimum PH range for your plants. If it is not within the range then your plants will suffer.
There are many affordable PH kits that you can use to both test and modify your water so that it is within the appropriate range.
Another useful device to make sure your water or tap water is okay for growing is a dissolved solvent meter. This great product will tell you how many dissolved solids there are in the water you are using to feed your plants. This leads to leaf burn and other problems such as lower yields and toxic soil. A tip of advice is to test the water after you have added the nutrients.
This ensures that you get an accurate reading of what you will actually be feeding your plants. Ventilation and Air Flow Ventilation is important. You should have at least one fan in your grow room to provide circulation to your plants. You want them to sway gently in the wind. This makes sure that the oxygen they are releasing is blown away with fresh air and there is enough CO2 to absorb.
The author uses a fan that rotates so that it blows evenly over the crop. The second reason to have good ventilation is because of heat.
Different kinds of fans are used for this purpose. They are called inline fans and once again, can be found rather inexpensively on site. Ideally, you will need 2 inline fans in your grow room.
One to bring fresh air into the room and one to route the old, hot air out. This can be achieved with ducting you can find online for cheap. Just be sure to match up the inline fan sizes with the ducting. Watering Watering is important. Assuming you start with some sort of marijuana clone or seedling, once it is transplanted into a mother pot, watering should be done with care.
Get yourself a watering can here and carefully get the surface of the dirt completely wet. Later on though you will want to have a watering can that will be easy to reach plants in the far corners of your grow space. One thing to realize is that when you are using nutrients in your water, you never want to expose fan leaves or buds to these chemicals. You want to only apply them directly to the dirt and roots. If you splash nutrients on these fan leaves then you will destroy them.
They will burn within a few hours and will need to be removed. You want a watering can that will allow you to easily reach the root area without splashing or hitting these important leaves. You should be putting enough water in the soil so that you can see just a little exit as water runoff as well. As your plants grow, be aware that you will be using more and more water. Eventually you are going to be dumping water into your potted plants because the root structure has gotten so large.
The more water you can use without over watering them the better. Scroll down to the common problems section for more info on what it looks like if you are over watering your plants. This leads to root rot and bug problems, maybe even mold at times. It is recommended to not leave standing water in the water runoff trays for very long. Ideally, you will be watering your plants about every few days depending on how they look. If the first two inches of soil are dry, then you probably are ready to water them again.
This is perfect! Give it to them. Water is one of the most essential elements of growing marijuana. If you have any further questions about how much or how little to water, you can always get a water meter that takes the guesswork out of this process.
Just place it in the dirt and see how dry it is! Nutrients A plant that is properly dosed with nutrients will be a healthy plant. Different nutrients will need to be used during the different stages of marijuana plants growing.
These mediums are already infused with all the nutrients you need for the vegging plant. All you need is one supplement for vegging and a different one for flowering plants. Make sure you are downloading from a reputable brand though as this will prevent you from getting unnecessary nutrient burn on your plants.
After you download your preferred nutrient supplements , make sure to use about half of what is recommended on the bottle. These plants need nutrients but not too much. Almost every nutrient company out there over states the amount of nutrients that the plant actually needs. Use half the recommended dosage for optimum results for your marijuana grow. Marijuana is a weed and will grow in virtually any type of medium with just about any dirt and nutrient combination.
A great strategy is to use just one particular nutrient line such as Fox Farm. Again, they can be found in virtually any grow store as well but site typically has them for cheaper.
The Smell The smell of your grow could be of either great concern to you or not a concern at all depending on your living situation. Marijuana plants do smell though and even one or two plants can potentially stink up your house. The marijuana clones smell, the vegging plants smell, and the plants with huge buds on them smell. There is no way that you can avoid an odor when you are growing cannabis. The only thing you can do is either mask the smell or use proper ventilation and ducting which will take the air from your grow room directly outside.
If you do have a problem with the smell though, then download a carbon filter. There are many different types of carbon filters on the market today.
You are going to have to evaluate your growing area and the fans you are using and download one or two based on your needs. You can download carbon filters , or sacks of carbon from any grow store, Walmart, or online.
This will completely kill the smell or at least make it manageable. You have things pretty well set up in your grow room and now you need some plants. You have basically two options here in Colorado, or anywhere for that matter.
You are now faced with the decision of either growing your cannabis plants from seed or from clone. You want to grow weed easy and both of these options have advantages and disadvantages which will be discussed below. The author has lots of experience with both methods but as a rule, when growing marijuana, you always want to have female plants. Cannabis is not much different than other plants in that there are males and females.
The female plant produces the buds that you smoke. The male plant does not produce these buds. Instead they produce pollen which, in the wild, will be released into the air to make contact with the buds of a female plant.
This causes fertilization of the female and the subsequent result of this process are seeds. This is embarrassing and should be avoided at all costs. There are some growers that are trying to perfect strains and produce seeds. If you find a male plant in your grow room, then remove it immediately. Cannabis Seeds The advantages and disadvantages of using marijuana seeds are as follows. Seeds are great in that you get a fresh start on the plants life.
You are in control of the entire process. You have no idea how clean the seller of the clones grow room is or what precautions they have in place to avoid selling you contaminated clones. One of the downfalls with seeds though is that the whole process takes longer from planting to harvesting. A seed takes about a month from germination to become the size of a clone.
If you have the time then by all means, use seeds but if time is of the essence, then maybe you could cut off a month of grow time by using clones. There are three different types of seeds that you can download. The first being feminized seeds, the second being regular seeds, and the third being auto flower seeds.
Feminized seeds are great because they have been specifically bred to produce only female plants. They are usually a little bit more in price than the others but for the most part, you will get all females opposed to the other options. This is a waste of money and especially time.
You will learn more about this later on in this guide but you will only be able to tell if your plants are male or female during the flowering cycle of the plant. This flowering cycle comes after about 2 months of growth. Imagine if you planted 12 seeds, cared for them, watered them, spent money on electricity for the lights, and more, only to find out that 6 of the original 12 are male. Make sense? The downfall to feminized seeds is that they are a little more finicky than the other seed types.
Some of them may even grow into male cannabis plants although they are feminized. It just happens occasionally. This means that the plant is stressed out and is trying to self-pollinate itself. It has been the authors experience that feminized seeds that are grown into plants should be checked more carefully for signs of stress or self-pollinating. The second type of seeds that you can download are known as regular seeds.
These types of seeds are the hardiest of the three types and can be downloadd for relatively cheap compared to feminized or auto flower seeds.
This is the only downfall for regular seeds. The reason for this is to make sure that you are left with roughly the amount of female plants you initially intended to have. Can you grow in your house or do you need a commercial area?
How will you be distributing your weed buds? If you are considering growing marijuana as a business - treat it like a business. Do your research beforehand. Identify your target customer and how you're going to reach them.
Research the balance of supply and demand in your market -- your work will be much easier in a market that is supply constrained, so that may influence where you decide to set up your grow. What are the financial and legal risks and how can you manage these risks?
Are you willing to take a legal risk or not? A business plan can help you structure your thoughts as well as forecast your cashflow. By the way: you do not have to have prior experience in growing weed to get started. What it will take is your genuine interest in taking good care of your plants and your ability to work hard, study hard and make changes on the way according to your learnings. It's not rocket science, but it needs dedication and passion.
And you can do it, too. Getting Started When starting a cannabis business you will want to choose the right seeds first. Depending on the effects you want to achieve, you will choose different strains. This major choice medical vs recreational will largely determine the market you will be operating in.
After deciding on the results you are hoping for, you will then research the right plants for you and download seeds. With the seeds starts the lifecycle of your plants. From now on you will do everything you can to optimize water, airflow, nutrients and light.
We recommend using an indoor grow room and a hydroponics system where your plants grow within water and not in soil. These systems are scalable and - once you have the right control and measurement system in place - easier to manage on a daily basis. Less work for you, better environment for your plants. A classic win-win. Because we know that starting an adventure like this can seem overwhelming in the beginning we have created this practical guide for you. Our goal is to walk you through all steps needed to start out and grow like a professional.