We are SO excited to welcome you to Nepal soon! To help prepare for your trip, we have compiled information on practicalities such as visa procedures, how to. It pays to monitor the political situation as you travel around Nepal. The As a general guide you can live in Nepal for US$5 to US$10 a day if you stay in budget. nepal. nepal nepal. To visit this ancient kingdom and to trek among the villages, sub-tropical forests and alpine lakes, and guides are on hand to lead .
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Create your own Nepal travel guide! All you have to do is select the type of places you'd like to include (restaurants, museums, etc.). When you're done, you can. This books (Lonely Planet Nepal (Travel Guide) [PDF]) Made by Lonely Planet About Books #1 best-selling guide to Nepal* Lonely Planet. and any tourist who love to hug mountain but don't have enough time for trekking. GSA. Email: [email protected] or the information Tel: /.
Initial army heavy-handedness only succeeded in alienating the local people. Political disenfranchisement, rural poverty, resentment against the caste system, issues of land reform and a lack of faith in squabbling and self-interested politicians has swelled the ranks of the Maoists, who now number between 10, to 15, fighters, with a further militia of 50, Recent moves seem to suggest that the Maoist leadership is moving towards a political role, with an alliance with the seven main political parties.
The Maoists have suggested UN mediation to end the dispute, a plan the government has rejected. A monarch who had steered the country through some extraordinarily difficult times was gone. When the shock of this loss subsided the uncertainty of what lay ahead hit home. The beginning of the 21st century saw the political situation in the country turn from bad to worse. Prime ministers were sacked and replaced in , , , , and , making a total of nine governments in 10 years.
The fragile position of Nepali politicians is well illustrated by Sher Bahadur Deuba, who was appointed prime minister for the second time in , before being dismissed in , reinstated in , sacked again in , thrown in jail on corruption charges and then released! Against such a background, modern politics in Nepal has become more about personal enrichment than public service.
Several Maoist truces, notably in and , offered some respite, though these reflected as much a need to regroup and rearm as they did any move towards a lasting peace. By nearly 13, people, including many civilians, had been killed in the insurgency, more than half of them since the army joined the struggle in Sometimes published as Blood Against the Snows.
The Maoist insurgency has, ironically, only worsened the plight of the rural poor by diverting much-needed government funds away from development and causing aid programmes to suspend activity due to security concerns.
Gyanendra again dissolved the government in February , amid a state of emergency, promising a return to democracy within three years.
The controversial king has not been helped by his dissolute son and heir Paras, who has allegedly been involved in several drunken hit-and-run car accidents, one of which killed a popular Nepali singer. Entry into the World Trade Organisation in and the creation of the regional South Asian free trade agreement in may offer some long-term economic advances but the country remains deeply dependent www.
You can expect some of the names in this book to change over time, including references to the Kingdom of Nepal and anything with royal in it, perhaps even including Royal Nepal Airlines. The aid industry has come under increased criticism for failing to generate the economic and social development that had been expected.
Everything changed in April , when parlimentary democracy was grudgingly restored by the king, following days of mass demonstrations, curfews and the deaths of 16 protestors. The next month the newly restored parliament reduced the king to a figurehead, ending powers the royal Shah lineage had enjoyed for over years. Dipendra did not die straight away and, ironically, despite being in a coma, was pronounced the king of Nepal.
His rule ended two days later, when he too was declared dead. The object of his love was Devyani Rana, a beautiful aristocrat.
The pair had often been seen together in public. However, the king and queen had allegedly told him that were he to ever marry Devyani, he would be stripped of his title and money and the crown would go to his younger brother Nirajan. In the days that followed the massacre, a tide of emotions washed over the Nepali people — shock, grief, horror, disbelief and denial. A day period of mourning was declared and in Kathmandu impromptu shrines were set up for people to pray for their king and queen.
About shaven-headed men roamed the streets around the palace on motorbikes, carrying pictures of the monarch. Half a million stunned Nepalis lined the streets during the funeral procession. All over the city, barbers were shaving the heads of other men, a mark of grief in Hindu tradition.
The initial disbelief and shock gave way to suspicion and a host of conspiracy theories, many concerning the new king, Gyanendra who was in Pokhara at the time of the massacre , and his son Paras who emerged unscathed from the attack. None of this was helped by an official enquiry which initially suggested that the automatic weapon had been discharged by accident killing nine people!
Other theories included that old chestnut, a CIA or Indian secret-service plot. Doubtless the truth will never be known. Perhaps the dominant cultural concepts are those of caste and status, both of which contribute to a strictly defined system of hierarchy and deference.
This system of hierarchy extends even to the family, where everyone has a clearly defined rank. When it comes to their religious beliefs, Nepalis are admirably flexible, pragmatic and, above all, tolerant — there is almost no religious tension in Nepal.
Nepalis are generally good humoured and patient, quick to smile and slow to anger, though they have a reputation as fierce fighters witness the famous Gurkha forces. The Nepali view of the world is dominated by puja; prayer and ritual and a knowledge that the gods are not remote, abstract concepts but living, present beings, who can influence human affairs in very direct ways. The notions of karma and caste, when combined a tangled bureaucracy and deep-rooted corruption, tend to create an endemic sense of fatalism in Nepal.
Confronted with problems, many Nepalis will simply respond with a shrug of the shoulders and the phrase khe garne? These women are not delivering breakfast but are taking part in an important daily ritual called puja. The plate might contain flower petals, rice, yogurt, fruit or sweets, and it is an offering to the gods made at the local temple. Each of the items is sprinkled onto a temple deity in a set order and a bell is rung to let the gods know an offering is being made.
Once an offering is made it is transformed into a sacred object and a small portion referred to as prasad is returned to the giver as a blessing from the deity.
Upon returning home from her morning trip, the woman will give a small portion of the blessed offerings to each member of the household. You can witness the gory executions, from chickens to water buffalo, at Dakshinkali p in the Kathmandu Valley and the Kalika Mandir at Gorkha p , or during the annual Dasain festival, when these temples are literally awash with blood offerings.
The surname Bista or Pant indicates that the person is a Brahman, originally from western Nepal; Devkota indicates an eastern origin.
Thapa, Pande and Bhasnet are names related to the former Rana ruling family. Shrestha is a high-caste Newari name. The initials KC often stand for Khatri Chhetri, a mixed-caste name. The biggest modernising influences are probably satellite TV, roads and tourism, in that order. In most ethnic groups, joint and extended families live in the same house, even in Kathmandu. In some smaller villages extended families make up the entire community.
Traditional family life has been dislocated by the large numbers literally millions of Nepali men forced to seek work away from home, whether in Kathmandu or the Terai, or abroad in India, Malaysia or the Gulf States. Child marriages have been illegal since and today the average age of marriage for girls is just under 19 years old. Family connections generated by marriage are as much a social contract as a personal affair, and most families take the advice of matchmakers and astrologers when making such an important decision.
In the far western hills, the system of polyandry one woman married to two brothers developed over time in response to the limited amounts of land and the annual trading trips that required husbands to leave their families for months at a time.
The practice kept population levels down and stopped family land being broken up between brothers.
In recent years the system has started to break down. To decide not to have children is almost unheard of and a Nepali woman will generally pity you if you are childless. Having a son is a particularly important achievement, especially for Hindu families, where some religious rites such as lighting the funeral pyre to ensure a peaceful passage into the next life can only be performed by the eldest son. Girls are regarded by many groups as a financial burden whose honour needs to be protected until she is married off, often at considerable cost.
Children stay at school for up to 12 years; 70 per cent of children will begin school but only seven per cent will reach their 10th school year, when they sit their School Leaving Certificate SLC board examination. Many villages only have a primary school, which means children either have to walk long distances each day or board in a bigger town to attend secondary school. The ratio of boys to girls at both primary and secondary schools is almost in favour of boys.
Despite what you may see in Kathmandu and Pokhara, Nepal is overwhelmingly rural and poor. The website www. The game is played on a lined board with 25 intersecting points. You can buy attractive brass bagh chal sets in Kathmandu and in Patan where they are made. Rice is grown up to m; corn, wheat and millet up to m; then barley, buckwheat and potatoes, up to altitudes of m. Fields of yellow-flowering mustard are planted for making cooking oil, and soya beans, lentils, chilli peppers and sesame are grown on the berms dividing plots.
Older people are respected members of the community and are cared for by their children. Old age is a time for relaxation, prayer and meditation.
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