The pyramid principle: logic in writing and thinking. Home · The pyramid 74MB Size Report. DOWNLOAD PDF Pyramid Power (Pyramid Series) · Read more. The Pyramid Principle Betters Your. Communication by Helping Your Thinking. Leverages the mind's natural inclination to process information logically. Barbara Minto Pearson Education Limited Edinburgh Gate Harlow, Essex CM20 2JE Tel: +44 (0) Fax: +44 (0)
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The Pyramid Principle is Barbara Minto's powerful and compelling process for producing everyday business documents. All rights are reserved to Minto Books. The Minto Pyramid Principle: Logic in Writing, Thinking, & Problem Solving [ Barbara Minto, Vera Deutsch] on aracer.mobi *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Pyramid Principle - Download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online.
Message selected implies one of five types of comparison: Component Item Time series Frequency distribution Correlation. Chart Form Select the graph to best depict the comparison you are trying to make There are several alternative chart forms. Slides should be limited to three or fewer key messages Slides should be organized hierarchically. Logic should flow through slide, from general premises to specific implications Move from easy-to-grasp ideas to hard-to-understand ideas Make logic parallel Select words carefully, know your audience Page These Additional Rules of Thumb Should Be Considered When Writing Slides Graphs and diagrams should be used to convey points where possible Attempt to move beyond basic bullet point slides Think about alternative ways to present information All sources of data, ideas, and quotes should be identified Attributing sources builds credibility for the presentation Sources should be identified with enough detailed to enable specificity if asked Footnotes should be used to provide additional detail or explanation for a point made in the body of the slide Most commonly used to supplement quantitative analysis Including footnotes builds credibility for the presentation Bulleted text outlines are easier to read when written as columns Always ensure consistency of font type, font sizes on a page when possible , table shadings, table style, line and arrow thickness, shadows off-setting, shadow color, font color throughout any document.
Using the Pyramid Involves Checking the Vertical and Horizontal Relationships Ensure that sub-points fit their summary point check vertical relationships.
Sub-points must answer the question the summary point raises, amplifying, clarifying or providing context for the summary point The answers to "why" questions are reasons The answers to "how" questions are steps Sub-points must provide necessary and sufficient logical support to show that the summary statement follows from the sub-points In chart documents, exhibits also must support their headlines Class groupings must be properly defined and grouped No misfit ideas - those that are at a different level of abstraction or that do not point to the same conclusion No overlaps confused logic No gaps incomplete thinking Order of the grouping must be validated Opportunities for further grouping must be explored esp.
Storyboard the presentation Focus on developing logic to reach the so what Remember: All of your analysis does not have to be included Draft slide titles to tell the story Create blank slides with titles, fill in exhibit or text when available.
Be aware of your audience Identify hot buttons Adapt presentation style to the clients culture e.
These Slide Writing Conventions, with the Pyramid Structure, Will Improve Presentations The Final Thoughts Pyramid Logic Structure enables persuasive, hypothesis-driven presentations to be written A storyboard of each presentation should be created before any slides are written to build the logic for the Pyramid Structure The slide titles should tell the complete story by laying out the horizontal logic of the Pyramid The information included in the body of each slide, as well as the groupings of these slides into sections, should create the vertical logic of the Pyramid Following these slide writing and graph selection rules of thumb will ensure a persuasive, actionable presentation is created.
Pyramid Principle Uploaded by pereirajoel Flag for inappropriate content. Related titles. Jump to Page. Search inside document. Thus, every written document should be deliberately structured to form a pyramid of ideas. All of your analysis does not have to be included Draft slide titles to tell the story Create blank slides with titles, fill in exhibit or text when available Use the storyboard to drive the presentation Be aware of your audience Identify hot buttons Adapt presentation style to the clients culture e.
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Rupesh Thakkar. Every new thought is written as a new line. Speed is essential, because not much thought about formatting is needed to create space for more notes. Notes can be numbered or set off with bullets showing where a new thought begins.
This strategy is especially helpful when a professor or teacher asks to read the notes. It also saves the time required to formulate and write long, complex sentences. SQ3R[ edit ] SQ3R is a method of taking notes from written material, though it might be better classed as a method of reading and gaining understanding. Material is skimmed to produce a list of headings, that are then converted into questions. These questions are then considered whilst the text is read to provide motivation for what is being covered.
Notes are written under sections headed by the questions as each of the material's sections is read.
One then makes a summary from memory, and reviews the notes. However, there is another updated version called SQ4R ,  which has been used by students since the early 60's. It provides a systematic way of comprehending and studying the content that is being spoken.
Students are able to monitor their own comprehension through review. Research shows that students who use the SQ3R strategy retain more information and achieve higher test scores.
Students then fill in missing items as the lecture progresses. Guided notes may assist students in following lectures and identifying the most important ideas from a lecture.
This format provides students with a framework, yet requires active listening as opposed to providing copies of power point slides in their entirety , and promotes active engagement during lecture or independent reading , provide full and accurate notes for use as a study guide, helping the student to identify the most important information covered. Research suggests that guided notes improve student recording of critical points in lecture, as well as quiz scores on related content.
In addition, an investigation carried out on students with learning problems showed that the use of the guided notes is an effective strategy to improve the performance of these students. Many students write their notes in word processors or prepare digital hand-written notes using a graphics tablet or tablet computer and styli or digital pens , with the aid of note-taking software.
Online applications are receiving growing attention from students who can forward notes using email, or otherwise make use of collaborative features in these applications and can also download the texts as a file txt, rtf It has also become common for lecturers to deliver lectures using these and similar technologies, including electronic whiteboards , especially at institutes of technology.
Online note-taking has created problems for teachers who must balance educational freedom with copyright and intellectual property concerns regarding course content. A study done by Pam A. Mueller of Princeton University and Daniel M.
Oppenheimer of the University of California have shown that students who take notes digitally against students who take notes on paper retain less information and have difficulties remembering what they've typed down. Laptops are usually a controlled device in classrooms and students may or not be able to take notes on their digital devices when required. The Cornell method of taking notes was developed by Dr. Walter Pauk of Cornell University in 's. This effective system for taking notes was made prestigious by Pauk's best selling book How To Study In College and is commonly used at many universities today.
The Cornell method consists of dividing a single page into three sections: Notes, Cues and a Summary, its own system is characterized by a right hand column for notes, a left hand column for provoking key words or some type of questions that might help remember key aspects of the topic.