Also by Eric Hobsbawm º AGE OF EXTREMES. THE AGE OF REVOLUTION – &. THE AGE OF CAPITAL – THE SHORT TWENTIETH. Age of Extremes w Also by Eric Hobsbawm THE AGE OF REVOLUTION THE AGE OF CAPITAL THE AGE OF EMPIRE THE. this book deals, and for most of it, from early teen-age to the present, I have been conscious of public affairs, that is to say I have accumulated views and.
|Language:||English, Spanish, German|
|Genre:||Politics & Laws|
|Distribution:||Free* [*Registration needed]|
Historians are usually reluctant to write about the age in which they live. The dangers of compromised objectivity, limited documentary evi- dence, and lack of . The Age of Extremes. aracer.mobiwm. August I - August 10, d. Hobsbawm coined the expression the long 19th century from and devoted a trilogy. The Age of Extremes: The Short Twentieth Century, Printer-friendly version · PDF version. Book: The Age of Extremes: The Short.
The neonatal mortality suggests causes arising especially from poor health care offered to mothers during the prenatal period and childbirth, as well as to the newborns in the delivery room and neonatal units.
In such cases, it is necessary to implement strategies in the perinatal field with actions directed to the development and improvement of maternal and child health services. In contrast, external causes were more evident in the children of adolescent mothers, a fact of concern as they are preventable events that may be associated with the lack of preparedness on the part of young mothers to care for their children.
Most infant deaths in Brazil can be considered preventable, if adequate and timely access to health services is guaranteed.
Therefore, investments in qualified human resources in the assistance of both mother and child in all instances of care, as well as the presence of a hierarchized, effective physical structure of care can minimize the occurrence of these deaths. Longitudinal studies that specifically work with extremes of maternal age should be encouraged to better elucidate these findings and contribute to the existing literature.
References 1. Pregnancy in adolescence: from planning to the desire to become pregnant - descriptive study.
Online Braz J Nurs [serial on the Internet]. Tema do ano: nascimentos no Brasil [cited Feb 2].
A prospective two years study of first trimester screening for Down Syndrome. Hippokratia [serial on the Internet].
Teenage pregnancy and factors associated with low birth weight. Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet ; Lima LC. Rev Bras Est Pop ; Factors associated with neonatal mortality: situation analysis at the local leval. Epidemiol Serv Saude ; Bassi CM. Social and biological determinants of infant mortality in population cohort in the city of Passo Fundo, Rio Grande do Sul state. With reference to the contemporary United States at the time of writing he points out, "In , 58 per cent of all black families in the United States were headed by a single woman and 70 per cent of all children were born to single mothers,"  and "In 15 per cent of what was proportionally the largest prison population in the world — prisoners per , population -- were said to be mentally ill.
The great [Chinese] famine of , probably the greatest famine of the twentieth century: According to official Chinese statistics, the country's population in was At the natural growth rate of the preceding seven years, which was at least 20 per thousand per year, one would have expected the Chinese population in to have been millions.
In fact it was In Sri Lanka, which had subsidized basic foodstuffs and given free education and health care until the later s, the average newborn could expect to live several years longer than the average Brazilian, and to die as an infant at about half the Brazilian rate in , at a third of the Brazilian rate in The percentage of illiteracy in was about twice as great in Brazil as on the Asian island. The future was no longer theirs, though nobody knew whose it was. More than ever, they knew themselves to be on the margin.
What made such deaths symbolic was that youth, which they represented, was impermanent by definition. However, he does use youth culture as a lens to view the changes in the late-twentieth-century social order: "The novelty of the new youth culture was threefold. Togliatti withdraw the suggestion that, perhaps, social-democracy was not the primary danger, at least in Italy.
As for support for international revolution, "The communist revolutions actually made Yugoslavia, Albania, later China were made against Stalin's advice.
The Soviet view was that, both internationally and within each country, post-war politics should continue within the framework of the all-embracing anti-fascist alliance There is no doubt that Stalin meant all this seriously, and tried to prove it by dissolving the Comintern in , and the Communist Party of the United States in On the other hand, he is no friend of the Maoist doctrine of perpetual revolution: Socialism, Hobsbawm argues, ultimately fell because, eventually, " Hobsbawm has very mixed feelings about the end of the nineteenth-century imperial order, largely because he is no happier with the nation-states that replaced the empires.
This was largely a reaction against the secret treaties arranged among the Allies during the war The Bolsheviks , discovering these sensitive documents in the Tsarist archives, had promptly published them for the world to read. A militant of the group involved in this mission eventually became prime minister of Israel: Yitzhak Shamir.
None of this throws Hobsbawm into the embrace of free-market capitalism: The historian cannot but note that the two attitudes are contradictory. Ultimately, in world terms, he sees capitalism being just as much of a failure as state socialism: Denying fascism's claim to philosophical respectability, Hobsbawm writes: He also writes: Hobsbawm often uses statistics to paint a broad picture of a society at a particular time.
With reference to the contemporary United States at the time of writing he points out, "In , 58 per cent of all black families in the United States were headed by a single woman and 70 per cent of all children were born to single mothers,"  and "In 15 per cent of what was proportionally the largest prison population in the world — prisoners per , population -- were said to be mentally ill.