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Perkenalan 3. Share this link with a friend: Other Related Materials 27 pages. Technology is another characteristic evident in all project based learning activities that must be considered in its assistance in helping students learn.
As we move forward in this highly digital age where students at younger ages are becoming more tech savvy than their older siblings or parents, teachers must embrace this change to utilize the amazing opportunity that technological innovation can provide our students. In the various phases of project based learning, technology becomes quite essential in the process.
Students today enjoy using technology in their lives to the point in which it becomes part of their daily routine which they are comfortable with. What better way to utilize this strong technological skill set than through the research and production of knowledge that project based learning provides?
The role of teacher versus the student cannot go without mention. In order for project based learning to be effective the teacher must facilitate the overall process in a way that encourages the student to discover the content though the guided questions that both may provide each other. The teacher must provide the students with a guide to follow in order to help them successfully complete the process of project based learning. The teachers job however is not to provide the content directly, but rather provide the resources for the students to discover the content on their own.
Project based learning helps students take ownership for their own learning and develop their own personal thought process to solve real life problems. Instead, they made their own presentation! These characteristics that we find in project based learning has created a positive gap for student achievement with project based learning taking the lead.
E10 was a singular study, as the authors cleaning with gauze moistened with saline solu- carried out a randomized clinical trial with tion NaCl 0. E1 used a placebo that was similar to the base Figure 2.
Brazil, solvent. In the E7 study, usual care was defined and applied in the control group by means of a bicarbonate serum followed by oropharyngeal sterile aspiration four times a day. Four meta-analyses were carried out ac- cording to CHX concentration groups as previ- Figure 3.
Meta-analysis of studies that used ously defined. Group 1 G1 included studies 0. Brazil, with 0. We verified the occur- rence of large confidence intervals in the studies, of which all crossed the line at 1.
However, after grouping these studies, oral hygiene with 0. Meta-analysis of studies that used CHX 2. It should be pointed out that only E7 did not cross the line at 1. Brazil, touch the line 1. The confidence interval did not cross the line at 1. In case of oral ingestion, although the Systematic reviews and meta-analyses should product is well tolerated in most cases, adverse ef- be performed when there are doubts about the suf- fects may occur when ingested in large quantities Regarding the cers in infants who received 0.
After developing respiratory prevents VAP, the best antiseptic concentration and distress syndrome, an elderly patient died due to in- the best way to do it remains an open question. When We chose to perform four different meta-analy- performing oral hygiene with CHX, one should be. Tests with concentration of CHX. CHX is best concentration to perform oral hygiene. Disinfection of the ear Many studies showed large confidence in- with CHX during preoperative procedures has been tervals.
Despite of a trend to use CHX to prevent associated with deafness after myringoplasty VAP, only a single study E7 had not crossed the Among fifty cases of adverse reactions related line at 1.
Meta-analysis of G2 studies 0. CHX concentration was considered inconclusive. Thus, even though we conclude that CHX is a VAP protection was identified in the meta-analysis product that can reduce the microbiota of the oral of G3 2.
However, is a matter cavity or VAP, guidelines for its best use, which are of discussion whether the gender criterion used in less likely to cause harmful effects are essential in re- the E10 study could introduced a bias in the ran- lation to cost-benefit to the patient.
Nursing plan in domization However, it is recommendation about the antiseptic concentra- important to highlight that the meta-analysis re- tion to be used. The best concentration, frequency, technique and form best way to determine a standard recommenda- of presentation of CHX.
In addition, studies to ver- tion would be to compare researches that followed ify the potential toxicity of CHX in contact with similar interventions, including the antiseptic form mucosal membranes should also be developed to and the frequency of use. Nosocomial respiratory with Gram-negative bacilli. The significance of colonization of the respiratory tract. Ann Intern Med.
Guideline for the prevention of healthcare-associated pneumonia. Atlanta GA: CDC; An intensive care unit quality improvement collaborative in nine Department of Veterans Affairs hospitals: Reducing ventilator-associated pneumonia and catheter- related bloodstream infection rates. Colonization of dental plaque by respiratory pathogens in medical intensive care patients. Crit Care Med. The effect of a comprehensive oral care protocol on patients at risk for ventilator-associ- ated pneumonia.
J Advocate Health Care. Chlebicki MP, Safdar N. Topical chlorhexidine for prevention of ventilator-associated pneumonia: Systematic literature review of oral hygiene practices for intensive care patients receiving mechanical ventilation. Am J Crit Care. Beraldo CC, Andrade D. Oral hygiene with chlorhexidine in preventing pneumonia associated with mechanical ventila- tion.
J Bras Pneumol. Higiene oral con clorhexidina para la prevencin de neu- mona en pacientes intubados: Med Clin. Oral decontamination for prevention of pneumonia in mechanically venti- lated adults: Kola A, Gastmeier P. Efficacy of oral chlorhexidine in preventing lower respiratory tract infections.
Meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. J Hosp Infect. Effect of oral decontamination with chlorhexidine on the incidence of nosocomial pneumonia: Crit Care. Escola Paulista de Medicina [Internet] Curso de reviso sistemtica e metanlise. Disponvel em: Moher D.
Explanation and Elaboration. PLoS Medicine. Flemming K.
Critical appraisal. Searchable questions. NT Learn Curve. Levels of evidence. Available from: Assessing the quality of reports of ran- domized clinical trials: Is blinding necessary?