International history of the twentieth century and beyond pdf

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Request PDF on ResearchGate | International history of the twentieth century and beyond | This hugely successful global history of the twentieth century is. This hugely successful global history of the twentieth century is written by four prominent international DownloadPDF MB Read online. [Matching item] International history of the twentieth century and beyond / Antony Best, Jussi M. Hanhimäki, Joseph A. Maiolo and Kirsten E. Schulze. [Matching item] International history of the twentieth century and beyond [electronic resource] / Antony Best [et al.].

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International History Of The Twentieth Century And Beyond Pdf

INTERNATIONAL HISTORY OF THE TWENTIETH CENTURY AND BEYOND ' The best single volume study now available admirably suited to under-. "This hugely successful global history of the twentieth century is written by four prominent international historians for first-year undergraduate level and upward. Best, Antony, Hanhimäki, Jussi M., Maiolo, Joseph A. and Schulze, Kirsten E. ( ) International history of the twentieth century and beyond.

International History of the Twentieth Century and Beyond. Using their thematic and regional expertise, the authors have produced an authoritative yet accessible and seamless account of the history of international relations in the last century, covering events in Europe, Asia, the Middle East, Africa and the Americas. They focus on the history of relations between states and on the broad ideological, economic and cultural forces that have influenced the evolution of international politics over the past one hundred years. The third edition is thoroughly updated throughout to take account of the most recent research and global developments, and includes a new chapter on the international history of human rights and its advocacy organizations, including NGOs. Additional new features include: New material on the Arab Spring, including specific focus on Libya and Syria Increased debate on the question of US decline and the rise of China. A timeline to give increased context to those studying the topic for the first time.

The US's global military presence spread American culture around the world with the advent of the Hollywood motion picture industry , Broadway , rock and roll , pop music , fast food , big-box stores , and the hip-hop lifestyle. Britain also continued to influence world culture , including the " British Invasion " into American music , leading many rock bands from other countries such as Swedish ABBA to sing in English.

After the Soviet Union collapsed under internal pressure in , most of the communist governments it had supported around the world were dismantled —with the notable exceptions of China , North Korea , Cuba , Vietnam , and Laos —followed by awkward transitions into market economies.

Following World War II, the United Nations , successor to the League of Nations , was established as an international forum in which the world's nations could discuss issues diplomatically.

It enacted resolutions on such topics as the conduct of warfare, environmental protection, international sovereignty , and human rights. Peacekeeping forces consisting of troops provided by various countries, with various United Nations and other aid agencies, helped to relieve famine, disease, and poverty, and to suppress some local armed conflicts. Europe slowly united, economically and, in some ways, politically, to form the European Union , which consisted of 15 European countries by the end of the 20th century.

In the last third of the century, concern about humankind's impact on the Earth's environment made environmentalism popular. In many countries, especially in Europe, the movement was channeled into politics through Green parties. Increasing awareness of global warming began in the s, commencing decades of social and political debate. The computer is a major technological advancement in this century.

The nature of innovation and change[ edit ] Due to continuing industrialization and expanding trade, many significant changes of the century were, directly or indirectly, economic and technological in nature. Inventions such as the light bulb , the automobile , and the telephone in the late 19th century, followed by supertankers , airliners , motorways, radio , television , antibiotics , nuclear power , frozen food , computers and microcomputers , the Internet , and mobile telephones affected people's quality of life across the developed world.

Scientific research, engineering professionalization and technological development—much of it motivated by the Cold War arms race—drove changes in everyday life. Martin Luther King, Jr. At the beginning of the century, strong discrimination based on race and sex was significant in general society. Although the Atlantic slave trade had ended in the 19th century, the fight for equality for non-white people in the white-dominated societies of North America , Europe, and South Africa continued.

During the century, the social taboo of sexism fell. By the end of the 20th century, women had the same legal rights as men in many parts of the world, and racism had come to be seen as abhorrent.

Europeanization in the Twentieth Century

The world at the end of the 20th century[ edit ] Communications and information technology, transportation technology, and medical advances had radically altered daily lives. Europe appeared to be at a sustainable peace for the first time in recorded history. The people of the Indian subcontinent , a sixth of the world population at the end of the 20th century, had attained an indigenous independence for the first time in centuries.

China, an ancient nation comprising a fifth of the world population, was finally open to the world , creating a new state after the near-complete destruction of the old cultural order.

With the end of colonialism and the Cold War, nearly a billion people in Africa were left in new nation states after centuries of foreign domination. The world was undergoing its second major period of globalization ; the first, which started in the 18th century, having been terminated by World War I. Since the US was in a dominant position, a major part of the process was Americanization. The influence of China and India was also rising, as the world's largest populations were rapidly integrating with the world economy.

Terrorism , dictatorship , and the spread of nuclear weapons were pressing global issues. The world was still blighted by small-scale wars and other violent conflicts, fueled by competition over resources and by ethnic conflicts.

International History of the Twentieth Century by Antony Best

Despots such as Kim Jong-il of North Korea continued to lead their nations toward the development of nuclear weapons. Disease threatened to destabilize many regions of the world.

Malaria and other diseases affected large populations. The virus was becoming an epidemic in southern Africa. Based on research done by climate scientists, the majority of the scientific community consider that in the long term environmental problems may threaten the planet's habitability.

World population increased from about 1.

The number of people killed during the century by government actions was in the hundreds of millions. This includes deaths caused by wars, genocide, politicide and mass murders. The deaths from acts of war during the two world wars alone have been estimated at between 50 and 80 million[ citation needed ]. Political scientist Rudolph Rummel estimated ,, deaths caused by democide , which excludes those killed in war battles, civilians unintentionally killed in war and killings of rioting mobs.

Most likely a comparable number of civilians died of war-induced disease and other indirect effects. World War I led to the creation of many new countries , especially in Eastern Europe. At the time, it was said by many to be the " war to end all wars ".

Industrial warfare greatly increased in its scale and complexity during the first half of the 20th century. Notable developments included chemical warfare , the introduction of military aviation and the widespread use of submarines. The introduction of nuclear warfare in the midth century marked the definite transition to modern warfare.

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Explorations in Russian and Eurasian History 16, 3 , — Combat and Mobilization on the Western Front, —, ed. Stalinism and Nazism Compared ed.

Stathis N. Justice and Community in the Aftermath of Mass Atrocity, ed. Eric Stover and Harvey M.

Weinstein Cambridge: Cambridge UP, , 49— Fletcher and Harvey M. Weinstein Cambridge: Cambridge UP, , — Integrating Biological, Clinical and Cultural Perspectives, ed. Lawrence J. Karel C. Berkhoff, Harvest of Despair. Global Conflict and the Politics of Destruction, ed.

20th century

Alice Conklin, A Mission to Civilize. Veena Das et al. Martin Dean, Collaboration in the Holocaust. John W. Dower, Embracing Defeat. John Dower, War without Mercy.

Ray M. Douglas, Orderly and Humane. Joshua Fogel, ed.

International History of the Twentieth Century

Benjamin Frommer, National Cleansing. Personal Responses to the Aftermath of Nazi Occupation. Peter Gatrell and Nick Baron, eds.

Jan T. Pricilla Hayner, Unspeakable Truth.

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