Terrorism is the use of fear and acts of violence in order to intimidate societies or governments. Many different types of social or political organizations might use terrorism to try to achieve their goals. "The Definition of Terrorism" (PDF). PDF Preview; Full Text; PDF I have experienced radical Islamic terrorism in a very personal way. wrote: “Facebook has become the battleground in a global struggle between free speech and incitement, and in few places. Speech of Mr. Jean-Paul Laborde. 'Peace and prominent experts on the changing face of international terrorism and the United Nations'.
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terrorism should be regarded as a form of, or analogous to, war. For my own part, I . the rule of law, freedom of speech, freedom of movement, worship, occupation and releases//_pdf/aracer.mobi> at 5 August Terrorism speech content presents multiple dangers for liberal democracies, .. aracer.mobi This is a PDF of a folder from our textual collections. Collection: Parvin, Landon: Files. Folder Title: [December ] Hickey, Ed: Terrorism Speech (continued).
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And they are learning—they learn from their mistakes and lack of operational security. They are self-aware. They remain anonymous and adapt to their environs. Their organizations exploit our complex hyper-connected world and metastasize like a cancer.
For many reasons—legal, cultural, bureaucratic, or financial—we have not adapted well or quickly. Our inability to persistently apply pressure often allows individuals and groups to surprise us with their actions and capabilities. The evolution of the Red Brigades, a paramilitary organization born in Italy in the s, is one example of this dynamic.
The Red Brigades gradually lapsed into inactivity through the s and s. Some individuals from this new entity were even known to have been original Red Brigade members. Our political system, news media, and national attention are consistently drawn to the next crisis and have little patience for dealing with long-term issues.
This tendency affects budgets, resources, and our talented people. The terrorists know this, they exploit it, and they keep pressing forward. This led us to collectively dismiss intelligence reports pointing in that direction.
What do we imagine they will do when they return to their homelands? We do not spend enough time considering all of the contributing factors—looking through social and cultural lenses, studying and mastering technologies, understanding the multiplicity of ideologies, or connecting local to regional to global events—at least not quickly and efficiently enough to be predictive and preventive.
Implications for the Future I firmly believe that the ability of terrorists to rapidly adapt in our complex world, combined with our lack of persistence and imagination, will continue to create blind spots in our counterterrorism efforts.
The implications of these gaps are significant. But, we can ill afford to think that we will continue to face the same foes in the same way using the same tactics.
In the future, we will have to come to grips with new types of terrorists, such as the computer-savvy individual who knows how to exploit rapid technological advances and the ubiquity of the internet.
Terrorists in the future will be even more sophisticated and will continually improve their capabilities in virtually all aspects of their operations and support. As societies become more connected and interdependent, many more will become aware of their cultural disenfranchisement and economic disadvantages.
Across the country and around the globe, connected youth are becoming more and more desensitized to unacceptable and violent behavior through absorption of various electronic inputs, to include streaming news, entertainment mediums, and video games. Computerized traffic and public safety systems and electronic banking will be among the new terrorist targets. It might be that the spectacular attack in the future will lie not in how many people you kill or injure, but in how effectively you can paralyze major urban areas by changing a few ones and zeros, or potentially disrupt the functions of financial systems.
Just imagine the lasting impacts of those types of events happening without warning. Experts say that by there will be more than 40 billion wirelessly connected devices, and that all of them could be easily hacked. These packs can share tactics, techniques, and procedures with one another, instantaneously move resources across the web anonymously—all while they collectively plan and execute their attacks.
What Can We Do? Just because we have not always been successful at countering violence in the past does not mean we should not strive to do better in the future. In the near term, we must contain the use of violence and oppression—unilaterally, multi-laterally, by, with, and through.
We must disable and counter propaganda and information operations. What could possibly be the argument for allowing a terrorist suspect to download a semiautomatic weapon?
This is a matter of national security. I know there are some who reject any gun-safety measures, but the fact is that our intelligence and law-enforcement agencies, no matter how effective they are, cannot identify every would-be mass shooter, whether that individual was motivated by ISIL or some other hateful ideology.
We should not be drawn once more into a long and costly ground war in Iraq or Syria. ISIL fighters were part of the insurgency that we faced in Iraq. But they also know that if we occupy foreign lands, they can maintain insurgencies for years, killing thousands of our troops and draining our resources, and using our presence to draw new recruits.
We cannot turn against one another by letting this fight be defined as a war between America and Islam.
That, too, is what groups like ISIL want. They are thugs and killers, part of a cult of death. And they account for a tiny fraction of a more than a billion Muslims around the world, including millions of patriotic Muslim-Americans who reject their hateful ideology.
It is our responsibility to reject religious tests on who we admit into this country. Because when we travel down that road, we lose. That kind of divisiveness, that betrayal of our values plays into the hands of groups like ISIL. And, yes, they are our men and women in uniform who are willing to die in defense of our country.