Swami Tapasyananda, to whose book on the Bhagavata Purana. I owe my understanding of the Meaning and Purpose of this great work. Download the The Bhagavata Purana as a free PDF ebook. In The Bhagavata Download the English translation here ( pages/ MB). The Bhagavata. to the book the Bhâgavata Purâna . English Version in pdf e-book format including glossary (online Sanskrit, I-trans: S'rimad Bhagavata Purana ( Mb) .
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Bhagavata Purºa delighted and had twelve sons by her, who too was highly pleased. 7. These twelve sons were: Tosa, Pratosa, Santosa,. Bhadra, Śānti. taken the great task of rendering Srimad-Bhagavatam into English, and therefore thoughtful men throughout the English-speaking world can take advantage of. Shrimad Bhagavata Purana. Ú. Ú. я Ú. º Ú a Úк. я Ú. Ú к Srimad Devi Bhagavatam. Translated by Swami.
References Dehejia, Vidya. Spink Felicitation Volume : 99— Google Scholar Ehnbom, Daniel. Beach, Eberhard Fischer, and B. Goswamy, eds. Google Scholar Goswami, C. Part II. Gorakhpur: Gita Press.
Google Scholar Haberman, David L. New York: Oxford University Press. Google Scholar Hein, Norvin.. Dissertation, Cambridge University. While Bhakti Yoga is the prominent teaching, various passages show a synthesis that also include Samkhya, Yoga, Vedanta, and Advaita Vedanta.
Bhakti The Bhgavata is among the most important texts on bhakti, presenting a fully developed teaching on bhakti that originated with the Bhagavad Gita. While classical yoga attempts to shut down the mind and senses, the Bhakti Yoga in the Bhgavata teaches that the focus of the mind is transformed by filling the mind with thoughts of Krishna.
In the Bhgavata, devotees of Krishna include those from lower castes: Prahlad, considered the greatest of devotees, is the son of a demon king and of 'low birth'; the gopis are uneducated wives of herdsman, yet are very close to Krishna.
The Bhgavata held out the possibility of salvation through devotion bhakti regardless of caste or social status. The Bhgavata is also critical of the acquisition, protection, and enjoyment of wealth, going as far as implying that only the poor can be true followers of bhakti.
In one passage, Krishna says to Rukmini, "We are poor and we are always the favourites of poor persons. Samkhya Surendranath Dasgupta describes the theistic Samhkhya taught by Kapila in the Bhgavata as the dominant philosophy in the text. This is in contrast to classical Samkhya, where the impulse for creation is "inherent in primal nature", or prakriti. He gives Samhkhya and Yoga as the way of overcoming the dream, with the goal of Samhkhya as Bhagavan himself in the aspect of Krishna.
Advaita The Bhgavata frequently discusses the merging of the individual soul with the Absolute Brahman, or "the return of Brahman into His own true nature", a distinctly advaitic or non-dualistic philosophy. In the same passages, the Bhgavata still recommends Bhagavan as the object of concentration for reaching that goal. Daniel P.
Dharma Bhgavata extends the concept of dharma that had previously been regarded either as the duty to follow Vedic injunctions, as a moral code that emphasizes ahimsa non-injury , satya truthfullness etc. Breaking with these senses of the term, Bhgavata considers dharma to consist of sincere worship and devotion towards God without any ulterior motive. Such worship is said to cleanse the spirit of all impuritiesmotives, jealousies, pretensions, etc.
Conversely, Bhgavata teaches that simply following Vedic injunctions that do not produce devotion towards God are of transitory benefit and are fruitless labour. Yoga A classical approach to yoga is taught in the beginning of the second chapter, when uka tells Parikshit to prepare for death by making an asana place to sit in a solitary place and meditating on Om, without regard for the distractions caused by the lower qualities of raja and tamo guna.
The Bhgavata, in explaining the method of reaching that goal, recommends the object of concentration as Bhagavan, with an emphasis on yoga as a form of bhakti. The tenth chapter of the eleventh skanda teaches that the yogi who has controlled his senses and concentrated his mind on Bhagavan develops these siddhis. Patanjali describes siddhis as obstacles to reaching the ultimate goal of yoga union the Bhgavata describes them as blessings that are present in Bhagavan in infinite form, and given to the yogi in varying degrees depending on the yogi's devotion.
Contents Narrators and setting The Bhgavata is a recounting of events by the storyteller Ugrasrava Sauti Sta to Saunaka and other sages assembled in the Naimisha Forest. As Sta explains, Veda Vyasa was feeling unsatisfied, even after he made divine knowledge available to humans by writing the Vedas and the Mahabharata.
The sage Narada, in his role as intermediary between gods and men, visited Vyasa to inform him that his unease was because he had not yet described the highest goal of knowledgebhakti, or devotion to God. Parikshit, who owed his life to Krishna, had angered a rishi's son for being disrespectful to the rishi's father. He was cursed to be bitten by a poisonous snake and had only seven days to live. Fasting by the banks of the Ganges River, and with Krishna no longer alive, Parikshit longed to hear of him.
The Bhgavata introduces the life of Parikshit as background, thus bringing Krishna into the story, and is presented as part of uka's recital over the course of seven days. It concludes with uka asking Parikshit the standard, "What more do you want? Bhagavata Purana with what he has heard and his purpose in life fulfilled, Parikshit dies. Books Book 1 The first book introduces the Bhgavata, with Saunaka gathering the sages in Naimisha Forest to hear Sta praise bhakti to Krishna and describe the ten avatars of Vishnu.
Sta tells the story of the life of Parikshit, son of Abhimanyu, beginning while still in his mother's womb, where Krishna protected him from the Brahmastra weapon of Ashwatthama. The conclusion of Parikshit's life introduces the main storyline of the Bhgavataa curse is placed on Parikshit that will cause him to die within seven days.
Parikshit retires to the bank of the Ganges to fast until his death, with several sages gathered around him, including uka, son of Vyasa.
Parikshit asks uka what he should do to prepare for death. They should control the breath and mind and concentrate on the sacred Aum. The development of yoga and bhakti, different types of dharana, the nature of Bhagavan, and the liberation of a yogi upon his death are also explained by uka. In response to Parikshit's questions, uka describes creation and the avatars of Vishnu, concluding with a description of the ten characteristics of a Purana.
Next he meets the sage Maitreya, who gives instruction on the creation of the world, the divisions of time, and other subjects. The story of the birth of Hiranyakasipu and Hiranyaksa is told, including the latter's death at the hands of Varaha, the boar avatar of Vishnu. An important story is the tale of Devahuti and her son KapilaKapila's Samkhya teachings help lead her to final liberation. Book 4 The story of Daksha and his sacrifice is told, in which he mocks Shiva in front of Dakshayanihis own daughter and Shiva's consortresulting in Dakshayani's self-immolation, which later came to be known by one of her names, Sati.
The legend of Dhruva's penance and devotion to Vishnu is also recounted, along with the related story of king Prithu. The book ends with the recounting of the renunciation and liberation of the Pracetas brothers. Book 6 includes the story of Ajmila, who reached heaven as a reward for uttering the syllables "Na-ra-ya-na" on his deathbed, even though he was only intending to call his son. The story of the son of the Praceta brothers is also recounted, along with the victory of Indra over Vivarpa.
Book 6 ends with the birth of the Maruts. This version expands on the story of Prahlada as told in the Vishnu Purana, and is the form that is most commonly told in Hinduism. Prahlada is considered a great devotee of Vishnu, and describes the process of bhakti toward Bhagavan. Book seven also includes a discussion of the dharma involved with the different varnas and with the four ashramas stages of life. Nine chapters are dedicated to the oft told story of Vishnu's Vamana dwarf avatar and his defeat of Bali.
The story of the churning of the ocean of milk  is also recounted, which is done with the help of the Kurma avatar of Vishnu. A long history of dynasties is describedPanchala, Magadha, Kuru, Anu, Druhyus, Turvasu, and othersleading up to the Yadu dynasty and the birth of Krishna to his parents Vasudeva and Devaki.
Book Ten includes the most enduring images and stories of Krishna: The tenth book is by far the lengthiest, taking up almost one quarter of manuscript c. While the Mahabharata and the Bhagavad Gita show Krishna in various roles as teacher and diplomat, book 10 shows Krishna simply engaging in lila, or divine and intimate play with his devotees.
It presents this intimate relationship with God as the highest goal of human existence. The Yadavas kill each other in a drunken fight and Krishna dies as a result of the same curse, the result of a metal-tipped arrow striking his foot.
The last chapter describes Krishna's ascent to Vaikuntha. Book eleven also includes the so-called Uddhava Gita, the last discourse of Krishna which he addresses to his dear friend Uddhava. Book Page from an Illustrated Manuscript of the Bhagavata Purana-This is a page from a manuscript of the Bhagavata Purana, a lengthy Hindu scripture dedicated to the god Krishna, who is said to have lived on earth as a prince. The future rulers of Magadha are predicted, along with the evils of Kali Yuga and the future destruction of the world pralaya.
The main story ends with the death of King Parikshitcursed to die from snakebiteand the thwarted snake sacrifice of his son Janamejaya. The text finally concludes with a second description of the ten characteristics of a purana, the life of Markandeya, a summary of the Bhgavata, and the assurance that it is the greatest among puranas.
Theatre and dance The Bhagavata cult centred around the worship of Krishna and the related puranas, played a central role in the development of theatre and dance in India, particularly through the tradition of Ras and Leela, which are dramatic enactments of Krishna wooing gopis cow herding girls , and episodes from his life, respectively.
Though this dance-theatre tradition predates the composition of the Harivamsa, Vishnu and Bhagavata Purana, they were significant in its evolution.
Bhagavatam also encouraged theatrical performance as a means to propagate the faith BP This is regarded as the origins of the classical dance style of Kathak, and has influenced other forms including Odissi, Manipuri and Bharatnatyam.
Commentaries The oldest exegetical commentary presently known is Tantra-Bhgavata from the pancaratra school. Other commentaries are: Vopadeva wrote the Mukta-phala and the Hari-lilamrita. Vijayadhvaja composed the Pada-ratnavali. Viraraghava also edited The Bhgavata-Candrika from Ramanuja's school. Other works are the Suvodhini by Vallabha and Bhakti-ratnavali by Visnupuri. Translations A. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada has written a multi-volume edition that includes English translation and commentary.
Translation also available in more than 40 languages. For free online reading, see: The transcreated work, known as the Bhagavata of Sankaradeva, is the primary theological source for Mahapurushiya Dharma in the Indian state of Assam. Bhagavata Purana various magnitudes.
Most of the poems of the Kirttana are renderings or adaptations from the Bhagavata Purana. The Gunamala, the 'Garland of Praises for Lord Krishna ' written by Sankaradeva is a little handbook capturing in racy, rhyming and sonorous verses, the essence of the Bhagavata Purana. This 'pocket-Bhagavata' is a sacred text for all Assamese Vaisnavas and is often placed in the pedestal or the Guru-Asana sacred throne in the congregational prayer-house called Namghar as the object of veneration.
The 16th century Maharashtrian poet Eknath wrote a scholarly commentary on the 11th Canto of the Shrimad Bhagavatam named "Ekanathi Bhagavata" in Marathi, the vernacular language of the Indian state of Maharashtra. The first translation of the Bhagavata into French was made by Eugene Burnouf in Swami Tapasyananda has written an English translation in four volumes.
Swami Prabhavananda wrote an English version that is part translation, part summary and paraphrase, titled The Wisdom of God: Srimat Bhagavatam.
Gita Press has a two-volume English and Hindi translation with Sanskrit text and English translation. Kamala Subramanian has written a concise version of this book in English. Notes  Bryant , pp. He writes that "it is not possible to set a specific date for a Purana as a whole.
B In Milton Singer. Myths, Rites, and Attitudes. Reprinted in van Buitenen , pp.
Hazra 6th c. Dasgupta 10th c. Kumar Das , pp. Bhagavata Purana                  Sheridan Dasgupta , p. References Beach, Milo Cleveland Beck, Guy Sonic theology: Hinduism and sacred sound http: University of South Carolina Press.
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Dasgupta, Surendranath A history of Indian philosophy. Indian pluralism. Cambridge University Press. Datta, Amaresh The Encyclopaedia Of Indian Literature http: Sahitya Akademi. Doniger, Wendy