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The car would have been repaired. The passive voice in English is formed with the verb to be and the past participle, which is different for regular verbs translated, mended and irregular verbs taken, thrown. Statement: The letter is written.
This shop has been opened. It will be done in time. Question: Is the letter written? Has the shop been opened? Will it be done in time?
Negative: The letter is not written. The shop has not been opened. It will not be done in time. The continuous is as follows.
Other continuous tenses are normally used in the active voice, not in the passive. Present: A new house is being built in our street. Past: A new house was being built in our street. In all the examples above the agent is not mentioned.
We do not know who has written the letter or opened the shop. Similarly: Flowers were planted in the garden. We do not know who did it. If we want to say who planted the flowers we mention the agent at the end of the sentence and use the preposition by. The flowers were planted by my mother.
But: The window was smashed with a stone. The stone is not the agent.
We do not know who smashed the window. We only know how he or she did it. Direct and indirect objects If there are both direct and indirect objects in the active voice My friend sent me a letter , the indirect object my friend , not the direct object a letter , becomes the subject in the passive voice. Active: My friend sent me a letter. Passive: I was sent a letter by my friend.
Not: A letter was sent to me by my friend. This sentence does not sound natural in English. Similarly: They offer Trevor a place. The infinitive without to In the active voice some verbs are followed by the bare infinitive infinitive without to.
In the passive form we use most such verbs with the infinitive with to. Active: We saw them come. She made him do it. Passive: They were seen to come. He was made to do it. But: They let us go.
Use 1. If the action is more important then the agent. A demonstration has been held. Ten dollars is a high price to pay. BUT Ten dollars i.
Rule 6. With words that indicate portions—e. If the noun after of is singular, use a singular verb. If it is plural, use a plural verb. Examples: A lot of the pie has disappeared. A lot of the pies have disappeared.
A third of the city is unemployed. A third of the people are unemployed. All of the pie is gone. All of the pies are gone. Some of the pie is missing. Some of the pies are missing. Rule 7.
With collective nouns such as group, jury, family, audience, population, the verb might be singular or plural, depending on the writer's intent. Examples: All of my family has arrived OR have arrived. Most of the jury is here OR are here.
A third of the population was not in favor OR were not in favor of the bill. The staff is deciding how they want to vote. Careful speakers and writers would avoid assigning the singular is and the plural they to staff in the same sentence. Consistent: The staff are deciding how they want to vote.
Rewriting such sentences is recommended whenever possible. The preceding sentence would read even better as: The staff members are deciding how they want to vote.
Rule 8. The word were replaces was in sentences that express a wish or are contrary to fact: Example: If Joe were here, you'd be sorry. Shouldn't Joe be followed by was, not were, given that Joe is singular? But Joe isn't actually here, so we say were, not was. The sentence demonstrates the subjunctive mood, which is used to express things that are hypothetical, wishful, imaginary, or factually contradictory.
The subjunctive mood pairs singular subjects with what we usually think of as plural verbs. Examples: I wish it were Friday. She requested that he raise his hand.