English Grammar Lessons. Feel free to download, re-use, or share the following English grammar lessons with your friends, colleagues, or students. To view the. The latter chapters then address specific aspects of the English language . This book attempts to describe some of the basic grammatical. The Oxford Guide to English Grammaris a systematic account of grammatical many of them authentic, to show how grammar is used in connected writing and.
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Espresso English has over fun, fast online English lessons English lessons every week by e-mail, as well as the Free English Grammar E-Book Level 1. Download the English grammar book on PDF for free. Home» All Lessons» English books for download PDFs free» Learning basic grammar PDF book free . Basic English Grammar Module. Unit 1A – Grammatical Units. Learning Centre. INDEPENDENT LEARNING RESOURCES.
What you really need to do is take advantage of all the English grammar practice through sample sentences — in other words, you must understand how to use each rule and apply it to your daily speech.
Modal verbs. WH - Questions. Question Tags. This, that, these, those. Passive voice. Comparative and superlative. Relative clause. Countable and uncountable noun. Do or make.
So, too, either, neither. Irregular verb. Adverbs of frequency. Reflexive Pronouns. Possessive adjectives and pronouns. Reported speech. If you find these lessons useful, please consider sharing with people and let us know what you think in the comment section below.
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Modal verbs WH - Questions Question Tags Conditionals This, that, these, those Preposition Passive voice Comparative and superlative Relative clause Enough Countable and uncountable noun Do or make So, too, either, neither either or, neither nor, not only … but also, both…and Structure: Singular Indefinite Pronouns another anything everybody neither one anybody each everyone nobody somebody anymore either everything no one someone. An indefinite pronoun must agree with its verbs and in number with its possessive pronoun.
The above indefinite pronouns are used with singular verbs. They are also used with singular possessive pronouns. InCorrect:Everyone have heard of Lake Turkana. Correct: Nobody knows what happened to Samuel Wanjiru. InCorrect:Nobody know what happened to Samuel Wanjiru. Correct: Everything about the old man remains a mystery.
InCorrect:Everything about the old man remain a mystery. InCorrect:Neither believed their eyes. InCorrect:Each strained their neck to see. Plural indefinite pronouns These indefinite pronouns use plural verbs and possessive pronouns.
InCorrect:Few knows about Lake Obolsat. Correct: Both stand by what they believe. InCorrect:Both stands by what they believe. Plural possessive pronouns Correct: Several reported their findings.
Both singular and plural indefinite pronouns all some any none These indefinite pronouns may be singular or plural, depending on their meaning in the sentence. Examples: All of my story is true — singular All of the guests are here — plural None of the lake is foggy — singular None of the photos are spoiled — plural.
Exercise 8 Underline the indefinite pronouns in the following sentences and then write the correct form of the verb or possessive pronoun in the brackets. All the photographs of the killer is, are unclear. Has, Have anybody seen my camera? Many believes, believe a monster lives in the lake. Each of the photographs make, makes people want more. All of the evidence indicates, indicate that he was killed by his wife.
Everyone has taken his, their payment. Several eyewitnesses volunteered to give his, their accounts. Anyone can lose her, their eyesight. Another reported his, their case to the police. Somebody left her, their handbag in the lecture hall. Demonstrative Pronouns A demonstrative pronoun is used to single or point out one or more persons or things referred to in the sentence. These pronouns are this, that, these, and those. This and these point to persons or things that are near.
Examples: This is a gazelle.
These are the students of Kianjege West Secondary School. That and those point to persons or things that are farther away. Examples: That is the city square. Those are the lodging rooms.
This and that are used with singular nouns. These and those are used with plural nouns. Exercise 9 Pick the correct demonstrate pronouns from the choices given in the brackets in the following sentences.
This, That is the canteen we are entering now. This, That is the dispensary across the street 3. These, Those are beautiful flowers on the counter over there. Are those, these chocolate bars on the far counter?
I think these, those are called vuvuzelas. Interrogative Pronouns An interrogative pronoun is used to ask a question. These pronouns are who, whose, whom, which and what. Examples: Who is the mayor of this town? Whose is the red car? Which is her blouse? What did she ask you? Whom should I trust with my secret? Hence, they are interrogative pronouns. WHO is the subject form. It is used as the subject of a verb. Examples: Who taught you how to play the guitar?
Who is the subject of the verb taught.
WHOM is the object form. It is used as the direct object of a verb or as the object of a preposition. Examples: Whom did you meet? Whom is the object of the verb did meet. For whom is this trophy? WHOSE is the possessive form. It can be used : i To modify a noun Example: Whose is umbrella is this?
Who, Whom owns that shop? Who, Whom can we ask the way?
Which, What did they ask you? Which, What are the objects on the table called? To who, whom does the boutique belong? Exercise 11 Complete the following sentences with who, whom, or whose. Reflexive and Intensive Pronouns Reflexive and intensive pronouns end in -self or -selves. These are myself, yourself, herself, himself, itself, ourselves, and themselves.
There is, however, one difference between reflexive and Intensive pronouns. A reflexive pronoun refers to an action performed by the subject of the sentence. The meaning of the sentence is incomplete without the reflexive pronoun. Examples: Monicah bought herself a new dress. The meaning of the sentence is incomplete without the reflexive pronoun because we do not know for whom Monicah bought the dress.
An Intensive pronoun is used to emphasise a noun or a pronoun. It does not add information to a sentence, and it can be removed without changing the meaning of the sentence. I myself pulled the boy out of the river.
If you remove myself, the meaning of the sentence does not change Exercise 12 Identify the Reflexive and Intensive pronouns in the following sentences, labelling them accordingly. I myself have never tried mountain climbing. He himself was taking the cows to graze in the forest. My sister Annastasia mends her clothes herself. She often challenges herself by doing strenuous activities.
You may ask yourself about the sanity of beer drinking competition. Special Pronouns Problems 1.
Double subjects We all know that every sentence must have a subject. Sometimes we incorrectly use a double subject — a noun and a pronoun - to name the same person, place, or thing. Incorrect Correct Jane she is my cousin. Jane is my cousin. She is my cousin. Her scarf it is pretty. Her scarf is pretty. It is pretty. Jane and she should not be used as subjects together.
The subject her scarf should not be used together with it. Use only a noun or a pronoun to name a subject.