I was so proud when my 5-year-old was finally able to read a complete sentence smoothly, without stopping to sound out individual letters and. Gerunds, present participles and other uses of the -ing form of verbs in English: Reading that book was very interesting. Drinking is essential; Drinking too much pop can make you fat. He drove two hundred miles without ever stopping. “OK, you said no question was stupid. So, I have been told not to use ing words in fiction writing because it is not the right tense. Why?” Have you heard . Zink recently posted Book Giveaway: Saving Yesterday by Jessica Keller My Profile.
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You can do without the “-ing” suffix when the action referred to is habitual or recurring over time. “I read books for pleasure” or “They launch. We can use the -ing form of a verb: Your new book sounds very interesting. Because an -ing noun or adjective is formed from a verb, it can have any of the. Instead, get rid of were or was, then eliminate that ing and replace it with past tense: “We started to The exception: No need to hyphenate modifiers that end in “ly. What's wrong with making a book 'personable'?.
X The problem with each of these sentences is that the intended subject, the one performing the action of the participial phrase, is either not named at all or is not named as the one performing the action. In these examples, the subject of the sentences should be the noun that follows the comma, and that noun should not only follow the comma, but be the first word after the comma.
And there are always multiple options. Jonesy smacked the ball, hoping for a home run. The point here is to be aware of the potential problems so you can head them off. An extra tip? Edit from hard copy; dangling modifiers may be easier to spot on a printed page.
Start with sentences that begin with participles and participial phrases. This is especially true if the participial phrases keep to the same pattern in each sentence.
The rhythm is unusual enough that the pattern gets noticed quickly. You want them lost to the fiction. A very little of this particular sentence construction goes a very long way.
My advice? Use this sentence construction sparingly. Characters are not always doing two or three things at once.
Allow readers to sometimes see only a single action. This is also good advice if you combine actions with and again and again and again. If your character is racing up the stairs, consider leaving it at that. Janie, waving her hands, bopping from foot to foot, told him about her day. Smiling at her enthusiasm, he nodded. Knowing he was humoring her, she stuck out her tongue. Now chuckling out loud, he threw her over his shoulder and went running toward the pool.
Grinning and sweating and generally being a nuisance, Lanky Louie jumped around the room, kicking up old newspapers, disturbing the dust, and making everyone else cough.
How about these instead? Marcus studied his wife.
He smiled at her enthusiasm, and she stuck her tongue out at him, knowing he was humoring her. He threw her over his shoulder and ran toward the pool.
Since he was distracted, a grinning Lanky Louie bounced around the room, kicking up old newspapers, disturbing the dust, and making everyone else cough. Yeah, sometimes multiple participles work together well. At their most basic, absolute phrases are simply modifiers, specifically sentence independent clause modifiers. And they often create a poetic or lyrical feel. But because their use is fairly uncommon and because they create a unique rhythm, overuse can bother the reader.
One use of an absolute phrase is to expand or narrow the focus of a sentence. Such absolute phrases are often introduced by the word with, with with written or implied. Her mind racing in a million directions, Jade tore through her files, looking for the images she needed.
Jade, her mind racing in a million directions, tore through her files looking for the images she needed. Jade tore through her files, her mind racing in a million directions. While versatile—absolute phrases can be moved around in a sentence—they can easily produce an unpleasant rhythm when used too close together. Used too often, and not just back to back, the absolute phrase can create an unpleasant pattern. Even these three sentences together would annoy— The rain falling heavily, the event was a total washout.
Piano and strings playing in the background, she danced with her imaginary date. Her mind racing in a million directions, Jade pondered what had reduced her to such behavior. At times, boldly declaring a thing without modification remember that absolute phrases are actually modifiers , creates a stronger or more compelling impact. The event was a washout. The second problem with absolute phrases, that of creating nonsensical sentences, could produce something like these awkward and confusing beauties— Bertie and Luke, sun shining weakly, finished their breakfasts.
Zeke, elephants running along the road, washed his hands. Lisa sneezed, the heavens opening up and rain pouring down. As well as is one of the most frequent, still most misused, conjunction in administrative and academic texts. There are two mistakes commonly made regarding its use.
There are two common problems with the use of as well as. Swedish is spoken in Sweden, as well as in parts of Finland. The second problem concerns the form of the verb following as well as. Can you find the mistakes in the following sentences?
John, as well as Mary, want to drop the course. As well as cannot be used to mean and. While and simply conjoins two or more expressions, a s well as places unequal emphasis on the two expressions — the expression preceding as well as carries a stronger emphasis than the expression following it. John, as well as Mary, came to the party. Swedish is spoken not only in parts of Finland, but also in Sweden.
Home Questions Tags Users Unanswered. There is this rule in a grammar book: Can you think of any example for this rule? The rule the book gives is not really accurate. A phrase like that doesn't mean that you're surprised. It does imply that it's worth mentioning, since you're mentioning it. Of course, this is true for anything you write or say, not just this construction.
It might be because it's surprising, but it might not.