Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data. Tavris, Carol. Mistakes were made (but not by me): why we justify foolish beliefs, bad decisions, and hurtful. [DOWNLOAD -PDF-] Mistakes Were Made (But Not by Me): Why We Justify Foolish Beliefs, Bad Decisions, and Hurtful Acts PDF For download. Download as PDF or read online from Scribd. aracer.mobi Age of Propaganda - Anthony R Pratkanis, Elliot Aronson.
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[PDF] Mistakes Were Made (but Not by Me): Why We Justify Foolish Beliefs, Bad Decisions, and Hurtful Acts FOR DOWNLOAD. Mistakes Were Made (But Not by Me): Why We Justify Foolish Beliefs, Bad Decisions, and Hurtful Acts [Carol Tavris, Elliot Aronson, Marsha Mercant, Joe Barrett]. MicroSummary: In “Mistakes Were Made (But Not By Me),” oft-cited and celebrated social psychologists Carol Tavris and Elliot Aronson deal.
Mistakes Were Made provides an engaging and accessible explanation of the psychological processes underlying these behaviors.
While the authors do not explicitly address higher education, their insights can fruitfully inform advising practice. Carol Tavris and Elliot Aronson synthesize a large body of social psychological research on self-justification.
For example, the authors show that when someone hurts another person, he or she frequently blames the victim. This self-justification allows the perpetrator to reconcile the belief that he or she is a good person with the fact that he or she has hurt someone.
The authors acknowledge that dissonance reduction has some positive outcomes, such as the maintenance of a coherent sense of self, but they focus on the damage that self-justification can cause individuals, relationships, and institutions. These enlightening chapters are excellent reading for students and advisors alike.
The subsequent four chapters examine in depth how self-justification manifests itself in different realms, such as politics and marriage.
For advisors, the chapters on failures in the mental health profession and the criminal justice system offer cautionary examples of the dangers of overconfidence in professional expertise and experience. The final chapter attempts to address this question. To counter destructive self-justification, the authors argue, people must cultivate self-awareness and learn to accept failure. People accept failure more readily if they separate behavior and identity.
It soon turned out that this Laura was, in fact, Lauren Stratford. And her real name: Laurel Rose Willson, a talented girl in need of attention, vocalist and pianist in evangelical Christian churches. But, see how the story neatly wraps up.
And the extent of the damage. And everyone will benefit from it. Just think of your partner! If you use him- or her-justification instead of self-justification, suddenly there will be much less arguments!
Not admitting your mistakes may lead to a bad decision such as invading Iraq ups! Confirmation bias, and falsified memories should be your lifetime enemies in these cases. Not your everyday friend.
But, how can you oppose them? Well, there are few simple strategies. First of all, crosschecking your memories against the memories of others. Then, use the power of wildly hypothesizing instead the power of intuition.
Finally, read many historical and science books to find out how your views differ. OK, maybe their summaries will do too!
Like this summary? Click To Tweet It's the people who almost decide to live in glass houses who throw the first stones. Click To Tweet In the horrifying calculus of self-deception, the greater the pain we inflict on others, the greater the need to justify it to maintain our feelings of decency and self-worth. Click To Tweet Science is a form of arrogance control.
Both Carol Tavris and Elliot Aronson are names in their profession and of course we believe them — even when they sound more like popular scientists than eminent psychologists.
By the way, did you know that John F. Kennedy was the last US president to ever apologize?
Do you really think that the others made no mistakes? Of course, they did. Learn more and more, in the speed that the world demands. Take this summary with you and read anywhere! Download PDF:.