The Synthesis of Yoga by Sri Aurobindo. His principal work on yoga. Free Book Download: Pdf, ePub, site Kindle. The Synthesis of Yoga first appeared serially in the monthly review Arya between August and January Each instalment was written immediately. The study guide is a point by point summary of Sri Aurobindo's The Synthesis of Yoga. After each chapter title there is a one-paragraph summary of the entire.
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The central question of all philosophies is: what is reality? Since human beings have come into existence as self-conscious beings they have. Integral Yoga Literature - By Sri Aurobindo. Selections from the Sri Aurobindo Birth Centenary Library. From Volumes 20 and 21, The Synthesis of Yoga. 26 The Secret of the Veda of this revised knowledge, it is due to the survival of the theory world The Secret of the Ve Record of Yoga - Karuna Yoga Lelystad.
It contains "obstinate samskaras , impressions, associations, fixed notions, habitual reactions formed by the past. According to Sharma, "it has an inner mind, an inner vital being, and an inner subtle physical being, wider than man's consciousness. The body is just as conscious as the vital and mental parts of the being, only it is a different type of consciousness.
The Physical not only shades upwards to higher ontological levels, but also downwards into the Subconscient.
This has many qualities not found in the gross physical nature. In The Agenda , The Mother often refers to it. It might be compared to the etheric body and plane , or even the astral body and plane.
The term "subtle physical" is used to distinguish it from gross sthula or outer material physical. These strongly determine human motivation and action through desire and enthusiasm. Unlike Western psychology , in which mind, emotions, instincts, and consciousness are all lumped together, Sri Aurobindo strongly distinguishes between the "Vital" and the "Mental" faculties. In addition to the individual Vital faculty, Sri Aurobindo refers to a Vital Plane or Vital world, which would seem to be partly equivalent to the Astral Plane of popular occultism and New Age thought.
Mind or Mental being[ edit ] Mind proper is the conceptual and cognitive mind.
Mind is a subordinate process of the Supermind. Sri Aurobindo in part bases his concept of the Mental on his reading of the Taittiriya Upanishad , the mental being or perhaps just the Mental Purusha is the mano-maya-atma - the self made of mind manas. For Sri Aurobindo, Mind or the Mental being is not simple and uniform, but consists itself of various strata and subdivisions, which act at different levels of being.
These various faculties are described or variously referred to, usually in obliquely or in passing, in some of his books, including Savitri , which has poetic references to many types of Mind. It can hold a wide range of knowledge in one vision and an integral whole.
It transformes the Higher Mind by providing it a direct vision. Overmental plane is the highest consciousness one can achieve without transcending the mental system.
Beyond overmind are the planes of Supermind or unity-consciousness. Supermind is the dynamic form of Sachchidananda Being-Consciousness-Bliss , and the necessary mediator or link between the transcendent Sacchidananda and the creation. Personality[ edit ] Humans are accustomed to respond to certain vibrations more than other.
These customs develop into one's desire, pain, feelings, which are all a set of habits. This crystallised set of habits becomes one's personality.
This is normally believed to be "self". The appearance of stable personality is given by constant repetition and recurrence of the same vibrations and formations.
They are aware of the surface of mentality, physical being, and life, and not of the larger and more potent subconscious mind and hidden life impulses. Only then Self-realization is possible. If you want to see your face clearly in a mirror, you must remove the dirt in the mirror, keep it steady, and remove the covering also. You can see your face clearly in the bottom of a lake only if the turbidity is removed, if the water that is agitated by the wind is rendered still, and if the moss that is lying on the surface is removed.
Even so is the case with Self-realization. Action, emotion and intelligence are the three horses that are linked to this body-chariot. They should work in perfect harmony or unison. Then only the chariot will run smoothly. There must be integral development. You must have the head of Sankara , the heart of Buddha , and the hand of Janaka.
The Yoga of Synthesis alone will develop the head, heart and hand, and lead one to perfection. To become harmoniously balanced in all directions is the ideal of religion and of Yoga.
This can be achieved by the practice of the Yoga of Synthesis. To behold the one Self in all beings is Jnana, wisdom; to love the Self is Bhakti, devotion; to serve the Self is Karma, action.
When the Jnana Yogi attains wisdom, he is endowed with devotion and self less activity. Karma Yoga is for him a spontaneous expression of his spiritual nature, as he sees the one Self in all.
When the devotee attains perfection in devotion, he is possessed of wisdom and activity. For him also, Karma Yoga is a spontaneous expression of his divine nature, as he beholds the one Lord everywhere. The Karma Yogi attains wisdom and devotion when his actions are wholly selfless.
The three paths are, in fact, one in which the three different temperaments emphasize one or the other of its inseparable constituents. Yoga supplies the method by which the Self can be seen, loved and served.
Hence everyone should have one Yoga as the basic Yoga and combine other Yogas. This is my Yoga of Synthesis, which will ensure rapid spiritual progress.
A little practice of Hatha Yoga Asanas and Pranayamas will give you good health. Raja Yoga will steady your mind. Upasana and Karma Yoga will purify your heart and prepare you for the practice of Vedanta. Sankirtan will relax your mind and inspire you.