A THOUSAND-YEAR EPIC, A GALACTIC STRUGGLE, A MONUMENTAL WORK IN THE ANNALS OF SCIENCE FICTION FOUNDATION. The Foundation series is a science fiction book series written by American author Isaac Asimov. For nearly thirty years, the series was a trilogy: Foundation, Foundation and Empire, and Second Foundation. Asimov began adding to the series in , with two sequels: Foundation's. Asimov's aracer.mobi · ok, 4 years ago Best Science Fiction of Isaac Asimov , aracer.mobi · ok, 4 years ago Foundation And aracer.mobi · ok, 4 years ago.
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Issuu is a digital publishing platform that makes it simple to publish magazines, catalogs, newspapers, books, and more online. Easily share. The Foundation series is a science fiction series by Isaac Asimov. For nearly thirty years, the series was a trilogy: Foundation, Foundation and Empire, Second . Author of I, Robot, Foundation, Second Foundation, Pebble in the Sky, The Genetic by Isaac Asimov 37 editions - first published in
Bayta explains that she regrets her actions, but the secret had to be kept from the Mule at all costs. Magnifico reveals that Bayta's suspicions are correct and that he is the Mule and has been laboring to find the Second Foundation in order to start his own Second Empire, hundreds of years before the Seldon Plan is to be complete. Dismayed at making a mistake which allowed Bayta to see through his disguise, he leaves Trantor to rule over his conquered planets while continuing his own search.
Second Foundation As the Mule comes closer to finding it, the mysterious Second Foundation comes briefly out of hiding to face the threat directly. It is revealed to be a collection of the most intelligent humans in the galaxy, the descendants of Seldon's psychohistorians.
While the first Foundation has developed the physical sciences, the Second Foundation has been developing the mental sciences.
Using the might of its strongest minds, the Second Foundation ultimately wears down the Mule. His destructive attitude is adjusted to a benevolent one. He returns to rule over his kingdom peacefully for the rest of his life, without any further thought of conquering the Second Foundation. The first Foundation, learning of the implications of the Second, who will be the true inheritor of Seldon's promised future Empire, greatly resents it—and seeks to find and destroy it, believing it can manage without it.
After many attempts to unravel the only clue Seldon had given as to the Second Foundation's whereabouts "at Star's End" , the Foundation is led to believe the Second Foundation is located on Terminus. By developing a technology which causes great pain to telepaths, the Foundation uncover a group of 50 of them, and destroys them, believing it has thereby won. However, the Second Foundation has planned for this eventuality, and has sent 50 of its members to their deaths as martyrs to preserve its anonymity.
At the very end, the Second Foundation is revealed to be located on the former Imperial Homeworld of Trantor itself. The clue "at Star's End" was not a physical clue, but instead based on an old saying, "All roads lead to Trantor, and that is where all stars end". Seldon, being a social scientist and not a physical one, placed the two Foundations at "opposite ends" of the galaxy, but not in a physical sense.
Foundation was located on Terminus, out in the Periphery of the galaxy, where the Empire's influence was minimal. Second Foundation was hidden on Trantor, where, even in its dying days, the Empire's power and culture was strongest. Foundation's Edge Believing the Second Foundation still exists despite the common belief that it has been extinguished , Golan Trevize is sent by the current Mayor of the Foundation, Harla Branno , to uncover the group while accompanied by a scholar named Janov Pelorat.
The reason for their belief is the Seldon Plan appears to be proceeding fully on course, despite all the disruptions caused by the Mule.
They attribute this fact to unknown interventions by the Second Foundation. After sharing a few conversations with each other, Trevize comes to believe the Second Foundation lies on a planet in which Pelorat is an expert—the mythical planet of Earth.
No such planet exists in any database, yet several myths and legends all refer to it, and it is Trevize's idea that the planet is deliberately being kept hidden. Meanwhile, Stor Gendibal , a prominent member of the Second Foundation, discovers a simple local—who lives on the same planet as the Second Foundation—has had a minor alteration made to her mind. This alteration is far more delicate than anything the Second Foundation can do and, as a result, he determines a greater force of Mentalics is operating in the Galaxy—a force as powerful as the Mule himself.
Having shown interest in Trevize earlier as he is an individual who has spoken out against the Second Foundation frequently , Gendibal endeavors to follow Trevize, reasoning that he should be able to find out who has altered the mind of the native.
Using the few scraps of reliable information within the various myths, Trevize and Pelorat discover a planet called Gaia, which is inhabited solely by Mentalics, to such an extent that every organism and inanimate object on the planet shares a common mind. Having followed Trevize by their own means, Branno and Gendibal reach Gaia at the same time.
Meanwhile, Trevize is made to decide between three alternatives for the future of the human race: the First Foundation's mastery of the physical world and its traditional political organization i.
After Trevize makes his decision, the intellect of Gaia adjusts Branno's mind so she believes she has become victorious and conquered the planet but that she will also continue to leave it alone and Gendibal is sent back to the Second Foundation under the impression that the Second Foundation is victorious and should continue as normal.
Trevize remains uncertain as to why he has chosen Gaia as the correct outcome for the future. Foundation and Earth Still uncertain about his decision, Trevize continues on with the search for Earth along with Pelorat and a local of Gaia, advanced in Mentalics, known as Blissenobiarella usually referred to simply as Bliss.
Eventually, Trevize finds three sets of co-ordinates which are very old. Adjusting them for time, he realises that his ship's computer does not list any planet in the vicinity of the co-ordinates.
When he physically visits each location, he discovers an uncharted planet: Aurora , Solaria , and finally Melpomenia. After searching and facing different dilemmas on each planet, none has given him the answers he seeks. Aurora and Melpomenia are long deserted, but Solaria contains a small population which is extremely advanced in the field of Mentalics. When their lives are threatened, Bliss uses her abilities and the shared intellect of Gaia to destroy the Solarian who is about to kill them.
This leaves behind a small child, who will be put to death if left alone, so Bliss makes the decision to keep the child as they quickly escape the planet.
Eventually, Trevize discovers Earth, but it, again, contains no satisfactory answers for him it is also long-since deserted. However, it dawns on Trevize that the answer may not be on Earth, but on Earth's satellite—the Moon. Upon approaching the planet, they are drawn closer and then to inside the Moon's core, where they meet a robot named R.
Olivaw explains that he has been guiding human history for thousands of years, and this is the reason the Seldon plan had remained on course, despite the interventions by the Mule. Olivaw also states he is at the end of his run-time and, despite replacement parts and more advanced brains which contain 20, years of memories , he is going to die shortly.
He explains that no robotic brain can be developed to replace his current one, and to continue assisting with the benefit of humanity—which may come under attack by beings from beyond our Galaxy—he must meld his mind with an organic intellect. Once again, Trevize is put in the position of deciding if having Olivaw meld with the child's superior intellect would be in the best interests of the galaxy. The decision is left ambiguous though likely a 'yes' as it is also implied that the melding of the minds may be to the child's benefit and that she may have sinister intentions about it.
The plot of the series focuses on the growth and reach of the Foundation, against a backdrop of the "decline and fall of the Galactic Empire".
The themes of Asimov's stories were also influenced by the political tendency in SF fandom, associated with the Futurians , known as Michelism. The focus of the books is the trends through which a civilization might progress, specifically seeking to analyze their progress, using history as a precedent. Although many science fiction novels such as Nineteen Eighty-Four or Fahrenheit do this, their focus is upon how current trends in society might come to fruition, and act as a moral allegory on the modern world.
The Foundation series, on the other hand, looks at the trends in a wider scope, dealing with societal evolution and adaptation rather than the human and cultural qualities at one point in time. Furthermore, the concept of psychohistory, which gives the events in the story a sense of rational fatalism, leaves little room for moralization. Hari Seldon himself hopes that his Plan will "reduce 30, years of Dark Ages and barbarism to a single millennium," a goal of exceptional moral gravity.
Yet events within it are often treated as inevitable and necessary, rather than deviations from the greater good.
But, for the most part, the book treats the purpose of Seldon's plan as unquestionable, and that slide as being necessary in it, rather than mulling over whether the slide is, on the whole, positive or negative.
The books also wrestle with the idea of individualism. Hari Seldon's plan is often treated as an inevitable mechanism of society, a vast mindless mob mentality of quadrillions of humans across the galaxy. Many in the series struggle against it, only to fail. However, the plan itself is reliant upon the cunning of individuals such as Salvor Hardin and Hober Mallow to make wise decisions that capitalize on the trends.
The Mule, a single individual with remarkable mental powers, topples the Foundation and nearly destroys the Seldon plan with his special, unforeseen abilities. We're hoping to rely on our loyal readers rather than erratic ads. To support Open Culture's continued operation, please consider making a donation. We thank you! The Foundation series has been continued, by the way, and there are a number of great novels released since we lost the mighty Asimov.
Close Encounters of the 3rd Kind used to be available for free TV…is it still around anywhere?
Robert Silverberg deserves mention. His Downward to the Earth novel is a science fiction masterpiece.
Sir Arthur C. It would be great to find some A. I just recently found another copy of Slan to replace the one I lost years ago. I am downloading Foundation right now. This is a fantastic find. For the Lovecraft enthusiasts, I also recommend the H. Podcraft podcast, which goes into the Lovecraft stories one by one: How about some of the old E.
Still enjoyable after all these years. Most of the non-appearing greats, like Asimov, Norton, Bradley, Van Voght, et al, still hold copyright or their estates do…. Copyright laws vary according to country,. All out-of-copyright fiction classics and early works of historical SciFi interest that are free on site are linked alphabetically by author at:. Note, the list is for site US. Do you guys offer free classes in sci-fi? Kornbluth and Pohl belong here too with their vision of Corporations running the world, the dystopia we are seeing grow daily before our eyes.
Interesting list. Good start. Name required.
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