Olaf the Stout Rasmussen: for asking me to make my first gambeson and taking . sleeves from the pattern's design and split the front on the center line adding. and keeping them historically accurate Supplemental PDF's with Gambeson Patterns http: Website: Making gambeson and keeping them historically accurate Gambeson Pattern or Padded Jack Pattern Charles-of-Blois-Pattern. jpg . Discover ideas about Medieval Costume. Leather chainmail Viking armor- "Ragnar" hand-woven leather strap with heavy gauge stainless steel rings. Leather ring mail Viking armor- "Ragnar" hand-woven leather strap with heavy gauge stainless steel rings.
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Gladly exampels or information on gambesons used as stand alone amour, on them aracer.mobi Here is a pattern that can be used "altered" (as in using layers of linen) to. Padded Gambeson: A Gambeson (spelling varies as this word predates the OED ) Regardless of historical influence, diamond pattern sewn padded material is. I carefully used my patterns to mark the metal and then cut the pieces using a . the plates hang from the leather between the leather and the gambeson.
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Find out more about your rights as a buyer - opens in a new window or tab and exceptions - opens in a new window or tab. Payment details. I was most fascinated by the carefully measured scale drawings they had made both of the plates they had found and of how they looked in relation to each other when they were dug up. Using the scale drawings I made careful measurements and applied the scaling factor and drew life size patterns for all the pieces.
Noting how no two pieces were exactly alike. There is a reason for this as small differences make a big difference. For instance each of the front horizontal plates as you go down from the top was each a little wider than the preceding, so they would each fully overlap, factoring in the curvature and the thickness of the metal.
I carefully used my patterns to mark the metal and then cut the pieces using a Beverly shear B, filing to correct any errors until I had all the pieces flat. I then started shaping them with softer hammers, such as a leather mallet or one with a plastic head, against a wooden form.
This minimizes distortions on the metal. The purpose of the curves on the vertical plates are to fit them snugly around the body while providing for a small amount of overlap. It is thought that the surcoat was adopted by the crusaders, partly to prevent the metal from getting overheated under the hot sun of the orient, and partly to protect it from moisture and rust. Until the rich discoveries at Wisby revealed the appearance of the armour worn about the year , we were chiefly confined to contemporary representations in the attempt to follow this evolution.
As these are relatively scanty, and only show the outside of the armour, leaving us in ignorance of the details and particulars of the construction, or at any rate permit of different interpretations, our knowledge of the way in which it developed must remain rather uncertain.
They do not include the countless suits of chainmail, but only those with metal plates as those are the ones which survived the centuries under the ground.
All leather and cloth disappeared into the soil, but due to the particular conditions of the ground there, the metal pieces were comparatively untouched by rust. To summarize the nature of the Armours found at Wisby, first and most important is to note that no two Armours are alike. While the Archeologists grouped them together based on certain similarities some had between them, it is obvious each one was custom made, no doubt fitted to the individual, perhaps based upon their specific preferences.
Much of the discussion in the book is exploring the evolution of the armour and how this was apparently a time when several versions coexisted. All of the Armours from type 1 through 4 have a top row upper chest of vertical plates in the front which are designed to overlap and slide over each other, allowing the arms and shoulders to compress toward each other. These can be anywhere from 2 to 7 plates. The other vertical plates in the Armours, while they overlap their neighbors, are designed to wrap around the torso and not to compress.
The clue to this intent is where the rivets were placed. It makes further sense when you put on a suit of Armour, that the top front row needs to compress, in order to provide as wide as possible a protection of the upper chest. Note that later period one piece breast plates rely more on large shoulder protection to provide coverage of the chest near the shoulders, whereas the shoulder protection found at Wisby was a small plate covering the tip of the shoulder, though a few also had a number of small plates as part of the overall suit of armour that happened to also extend up over the collar bone.
All the Armours other than the Lamellar Armour were consistent in style that they all had their plates hanging or mounted on the inside of a leather or heavy fabric coat.
Similar to scale armour in number and placement of small plates, but assembly is using lacing rather than rivets. There are also variations in where the panels of plates overlap and attach to each other, allowing the Armours to be put upon the warrior with varying degrees of required assistance or limberness.
There is much debate over what amour types led to which, but if we take the broader view we can see a couple of facts. It was not easy at first for them to make the larger plates.
Over the years this became more feasible for them. In order to gain protective value from overlapping, there does not have to be a large amount of overlap.
This leads to lower weight when larger pieces are used, because overall there is less metal overlapping with other metal. Think of chainmail as the ultimate in small plate scale armor. As the size of the plates grew, their protection vs crushing impact weapons became more effective. So the technological drive to grow the plates was powerful, in that it both reduced weight and was more effective. No doubt during this period of time when fashion was to keep the plates hidden on the inside of the coat, there would be less fashion pressure to make the plates a certain way.
With each Armour apparently custom made, this led to a wide range of Armours during this transition period as the range of the size of plates available grew due to technological development. I believe the 'Type 1', with its horizontal plates was a briefly available variant that lost favor as Armours with larger plates became more common and the surcoats went away. Perhaps it was a local variant and as a result of the Battle of Wisby, its adherents were all killed off The basic trick is to place the plates on flexible leather or cloth and not place rivets where you want the plate to be separate from the leather it hangs from.
Note; To hang a plate from stiff or heavy leather would require much fewer rivets.
In fact, in Armour 3 we find the horizontal plates have two rows of tightly spaced rivets at the top of each plate. The flexible leather is on the outside, the plates hang from the leather between the leather and the gambeson.
We can tell the plates hung from the inside by noting the rivets protruding from the metal where the leather was removed by the centuries. With the rivets protruding from the outside of the curve, there is no way the plates were on the outside of the leather. By the way, we can see from other pieces, such as gauntlets found at the dig where we see the insides of some of the pieces that it was common practice to make the rivets flush with the metal so as to make the rivets effectively disappear from sight.
The vertical plates do not need to be mounted on flexible leather. In fact heavier leather will add protection at the direct and sole expense of weight.
There is no compression needed on the vertical plates. Breathing is accommodated by the upper chest plates. Placing the vertical plates on a panel of leather of your desired type , you then wrap the panels around you and buckle the panels together where desired. The overlapping nature of the plates transfers the energy of a strike from in front or the side towards the plates in the back, away from your body. The armour is a system and the gambeson, while no cloth evidence remains in the Wisby dig, is an essential component.
It does not have to be thick, but it is needed to diffuse the shock impact while the overlapping plates spread the impact over a larger area making the padding of the gambeson even more effective.
There is plenty of evidence that a system of horizontal plates both front and back, or sides also, was not uncommon, as was a system of solely vertical plates as we find in Types What makes Type 1 unusual is that we see a combination of horizontal and vertical plates.
An Armour of all vertical plates can use a large sheet of leather, cut for instance into the classic T shape with all the plates attached. An Armour of all horizontal plates can similarly use a large sheet of flexible leather with all the plates attached, with no degradation of performance. Apparently the dominant local fashion was to use vertical plates, but there were some hold-outs that still wanted horizontal plates in the front for reasons I will go into later as well as the two fellows with Types 5 and 6.
One apparent motivation for the vertical plates is the transference of energy towards the back and away from the body. It is also easy to put on, as it simply wraps around the body. If you are not concerned with getting hit directly under your armpit, perhaps your fighting style does not leave this open much, then by making the side vertical plates a bit shorter, you can still bend to your side as much as your body would allow anyway.
Just checking in again. Should finally get to give it a whirl next week. Really, really excited that I finally get to study with this sword Jul 13, GMT zabazagobo : Don one of your gauntlets and give it a good old love tap Or, since it's a Texas tradition, Bowie knife practice Jul 13, GMT christain : Yep My next victim would be a crappy flat screen TV that's taking up space.
If it still worked somewhat and I could plug it in Last one, rather than deal with customer service a fourth time, was delivered to the depths of Hades by hammer Jul 13, GMT christain : Guess I better take the window of opportunity and get my grass mowed today. Another hurricane in the Gulf blowing in right now. Louisiana is already getting flooding.