Working with Spreadsheets - Microsoft Excel , notes. Author: Status bar - displays information about some special functions of Microsoft Excel. This class is designed to give a basic introduction into Microsoft Excel Throughout Start, All Programs, Microsoft Office and Microsoft Excel. Let's look at. Microsoft excel version was for Microsoft Windows and for Mac OS X. website or in this tutorial, please notify us at [email protected]
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To see Section download Excel Introduction: Part II At the end of each section there is a page for you to make notes on and a “Useful . Smart Tags, first introduced in Microsoft Office XP, make it easier for you to complete some of. Nash in CET. The MS Excel guide was updated by Ian Barbour in EDU ( Commerce). .. student's result for tutorial 8 in row of the worksheet! And it's . Send comments to [email protected] aracer.mobi Microsoft, Microsoft Press, Access, Encarta, Excel, Fluent, Internet Explorer, MS, Outlook, PivotChart, PivotTable.
The result of the intersection is called an explicit intersection. References in Formulas As mentioned at the beginning of this chapter, the use of constants in formulas defeats the purpose of a spreadsheet. When you use constants, you have to change the formula each time a value changes. The content of a cell is handled through a cell reference. A reference tells Excel which cell contains the values used in a formula see Figure Figure Using cell references to multiply the day rate by days.
When you enter references, make sure that the formula doesn't contain spaces. Note Formulas are not case sensitive. Excel converts all references from lowercase to uppercase if the syntax of the formula is correct.
If it is not, check your entry for syntax and typing errors. You will find it easier to enter cell references by selecting the cell or cell range you want to use rather than typing it. To enter a formula, perform the following steps: 1. Type the equal sign.
Enter any function name, parenthesis, or other character with which a formula can begin. Select the cell or cell range you want to include in the formula as the cell reference. The selection is marked by a dashed line, and the cell reference appears in the formula.
Enter the operator or another part of the formula. Select other required cells or ranges. Repeat steps 2 through 5 until the formula is complete.
Press the Enter key to complete the formula. Cell references allow you to use all the advantages offered by a spreadsheet.
You can create any number of calculation schemes and change a scheme to get different results. This means that you only have to create a calculation scheme once and can use it for similar calculations over and over again. In the table in Figure , you can change the values in columns B and C to immediately get the result in column D.
Figure The formula containing cell references can be copied in the cells below. Another advantage of using cell references in a formula is that you can copy the formula by dragging the fill handle down. In this way you create all of the required calculations within seconds, which would not be possible if you were using constants. The sample files are found in the Chapter03 folder on the companion website. Relative References If you copy the formula shown in Figure by dragging the fill handle down, you get the correct result for each line.
This is because Excel adjusts the references in the formula by using the current row number. However, this only works because the row number in the formula is relative. Consider a relative reference as the relation between two cells. The relation—not the literal syntax of the reference—is copied. Absolute References An absolute reference is the counterpart to a relative reference. An absolute reference is a cell reference that doesn't change when it is copied or filled.
You use absolute references to anchor a reference in a formula to a particular cell. Assume that you want to calculate the sales tax for several net prices, and the sales tax rate is entered in a particular cell.
You need to be able to copy the formula you created see Figure Figure Initial situation with the formula in cell C4. The formula entered in cell C4 calculates the sales tax for the net price in cell B4.
When you analyze the formula in cell C4, you'll see that the reference to the sales tax should not be changed. Now this cell reference won't change when copied or filled and is called an absolute reference in Excel. Mixed References Actually, you didn't need an absolute reference to copy the formula in the example shown in Figure Because you copied the formula in the same column, the column reference didn't have to be absolute.
This leads us to mixed references which are, as the name implies, a mix of relative and absolute references. Assume that you want to create a multiplication table.
The calculation method to use is obvious. As you probably can guess, the formula doesn't have to be rewritten for each cell. Figure A multiplication table as an example for using mixed references. If you could lock the column or row reference, you could copy the formula created in cell B3 in the table shown in Figure to the cells below and to the right.
The row reference for the values in column A has to remain relative so it can be adjusted when copied vertically. This way, the reference to the row is not changed when the formula is copied vertically, but the column references are adjusted when it is copied horizontally.
You will always get the correct results see Figure Figure The results are correct when mixed references are used. The basic principle is this: For a mixed reference, the part after the dollar sign is locked and cannot be changed when copied. You can press the F4 key to change the reference type.
Click into the cell reference in a formula and press F4 several times. Each time you press F4, the syntax changes relative to absolute to mixed to relative, and so on. If you enter a formula in row 1, Excel fills the adjacent empty cells below with the new formula.
What Is a Circular Reference? Circular references are mostly generated by input errors. A circular reference is a reference to a cell containing the formula, in other words, a reference to itself.
Excel cannot resolve formulas with a circular reference. Instead you receive the message shown in Figure Figure Wrong input in cell D3 and error message. If you click OK in the error message, the circular reference toolbar appears in the table window of Excel see Figure Figure The circular reference toolbar in Excel You are encouraged to start using MS Excel as you read through the.
Subtitle: Working with Spreadsheets - Microsoft Excel , notes. The following steps will guide you in starting the Excel application. Note that these steps along with Figure 1.
Also note the Formula Bar, as shown in Figure MS-Excel is the most powerful spreadsheet package brought by. Note that when you use these techniques, the whole chart changes in.
Excel and Word have a lot in common, since they both belong to the MS Office suite. Customizing the Excel Program Window. Excel is an electronic spreadsheet to organize your data into rows and columns.
Note that the cursor moves downward one cell at a time. Microsoft Excel is a general-purpose electronic spreadsheet2 used to organize. Each Excel file is a Workbook containing one or more. Note - there are a few special characters that cannot be used. We can send you a document in PDF format with clickable links.