aracer.mobipe: application/pdf aracer.mobi: English aracer.mobi: Pattern Of Culture. aracer.mobi RUTH BENEDICT: CONFIGURATIONALISM AND. THE PATTERNS OF CULTURE. Sapir's idea of configurations of culture was picked up and developed by his. Patterns of Culture by RUTH BENEDICT With an Introduction by FRANZ BoAS and A New Preface by MARGARET MEAD A MENTOR BOOK Published by THE .
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Benedict clearly communicates throughout the book that morality is a dependent cultural variable and that cultural dissimilarities should not be judged by absolute standards.
During her time as a student at Columbia, Boas mentored Benedict and trained her in the, at the time, disputed notion of cultural relativism that greatly shaped his anthropological work. Patterns of Culture highlights the issues in understanding cultures on their own terms, often bringing up Western ethnocentric views; this is key as when the book was first published the target group was a Western audience.
Benedict takes a highly humanistic approach and clearly leans towards culture in the culture vs. Her book has gone a long ways in communicating the importance of being aware of our own ethnocentric tendencies and continues to teach the value of human diversity.
Patterns of Culture in context to the Culture and Personality Paradigm Benedict received her anthropological training at Columbia University under the instruction of Franz Boas.
Having studied anthropology during a time when the field was so greatly changing certainly impacted her use of theory and methodology, but also explains why she fell sort of operationalizing the ethnographic data she collected in a more quantitative way.
Believing that culture and personality are so interconnected that they could not be examined independently, Benedict developed and employed use of the configuration approach, which is a specific perspective within the culture and personality school of American anthropology later known as psychological anthropology that melds cultural relativism with psychological theory.
The roots of the culture and personality school of American anthropology can be traced back to Franz Boas; however, Benedict, Margaret Mead and Edward Sapir largely developed this theoretical approach, focusing on socialization, and developing a course of action for comparing cultures in terms of the benefits for individuals. Proponents of this paradigm consider how cultures understand their own human identify and focus on understanding the relationship between the cultural environment and individual personality.