Archeological Survey, Decorative art, Art, History, Art collection. Book Title: Voices of silence. Book Author: Malraux, Andre; Gilbert, Stuart. Cover of: The voices of silence | André Malraux. The voices of Borrow · DAISY for print-disabled Download ebook for print-disabled (DAISY). Libraries near. This item:The Voices of Silence by Andre Malraux Paperback $ In Stock. a Kindle? Get your Kindle here, or download a FREE Kindle Reading App.
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Existentialism Existentialism is is the the best in the the way way of of aa tance best in new and and creative creative movement movement that that these these rather rather uninspired uninspired new postwar years have have been able to to turn turn up. W e have have to to say say been able up.
This should should have have been been a emy professional philosophers philosophers that ordinary welcome sign to professional mankind hunger and and thirst after after philosophy if if mankind still could hunger what what they they were given to bite bite down on was something something that seemed seemed to have have a connection with with their lives.
Instead, the reception reception given the the new movement movement by philosophers philosophers was anything but but cordial.
The of professional philosophers to Existentialism was merely aa professional philosophers to Existentialism was merely symptom of of their their imprisonment imprisonment in in the the narrowness narrowness of of their their symptom own discipline. Never was the the professional deformation own Never was professional deformation more in in evidence. Since philosophers philosophers problems.
It It happens happens strophically, too, as as we we shall shall see, see, to to be be one one of of the the central central themes themes of too, of existential philosophy—for which we may in time owe it it no no existential philosophy-for which we may in time owe small debt. But there is no human human temperament temperament that does not potentially reveal some truth, and Sartre's It is morbidity has its own unique and revelatory power.
But are moods of this tion under the German Occupation.
Once again the old drama of America America confronting Europe was being played out. The new grain of our native youthfulness and optimism.
The American has not as spiritual-were yet assimilated psychologically the disappearance of his spiritual horizon is still the own geographical frontier, his spiritual human possibilities, limitless play of human possibilities, and as yet he has not human finitude.
Jean-Paul Sartre Existentialism—it still seems necessary to make this is not Existentialism-it point for American readers; he does not even represent, represent, as we shall see later, the deepest impulse of this philosophy.
Now that French Existentialism Existentialism as a popular movement once even something of a popular nuisance is safely dead, reputations surviving in its wake, we having left a few new reputations is—a small branch can see it much more clearly for what it is-a of a very much larger tree.
Heidegger Heidegger and and Edmund Husserl Russerl In his last writings Husserl's thought lowers were to quarry. The The great great rationalist rationalist is is dragged dragged slowly slowly to to ger's earth.
Jaspers has been and Friedrich Friedrich Nietzsche Nietzsche Neither philosopher; Nietzsche, for seven years a professor of Greek philosophizing at Basel in Switzerland, did his most radical philosophiZing university and its its after he had fled from the world of the university Kierkegaard never held an an sober community of scholars; Kierkegaard Neither developed a system; both in fact fact academic chair.
Ideas are are not even the philosophers-and this in the real real subject matter of these philosophers—and itself itself is something of a revolution in Western philosophy: philosophy: their their central central subject is the the unique experience of the the single one, the individual, who chooses to place himself on trial before civilization.
For both before the gravest question of his civilization. Nietzsche Nietzsche begins begins with with the the confession of European God is is dead, dead, says says Nietzsche, Nietzsche, and and European of bankruptcy: bankruptcy: God man if if he he were were more more honest, honest, courageous, courageous, and and had had keener keener man eyes for what went on in the depths of his own soul would eyes for what went on in the depths of his own soul would know that that this this death death has has taken taken place there, despite despite the the lip hp know place there, service still paid to the the old old formulae formulae and and ideals ideals of of religion.
What What happens happens to to the the race race swer when at at long long last last it it has has severed severed the the umbilical umbilical cord cord that that when bound it for for millennia millennia to to the the gods gods and and aa transcendent transcendent bound it world beyond this earthly earthly world?
He He placed his own own life life world beyond this placed his on trial trial in in order order to to experience experience this this death death of of God God to to its its on depths. More More than than thinkers, thinkers, Kierkegaard Kierkegaard and and Nietzsche depths.
Nietzsche were witnesses-witnesses witnesses—witnesses who who suffered suffered for for their their time time what what were the time time itself itself would would not not acknowledge acknowledge as as its its own own secret secret the wound.
No No concept concept or or system system of of concepts concepts lies lies at at the the center center wound. Modern German genius. It rises out of that large a creation of the Gennan old strain of of the Gennanic Germanic mind which, which, since since Meister EckMiddle Ages, has sought to give voice voice hart at the end of the Middle voice to the deepest inwardness of European man.
But this voice is also also a thoroughly thoroughly modern one one and speaks neither with is mysticism of Eckhart nor with the intellectual intellectual the serene mysticism German idealism. Yet, Yet, from from the existential existential point of view, there is a curious incompleteness incompleteness about Bergson's thinking, as if he never came really to grips with the central central subject, Man, but but remained perpetually dodging and tacking about on its periphery.
Solovev, primarily a theologian and religious writer, belonged to the first generation that felt the impact of Dostoevski as both prophet and novelist, novelist, and he develops of develops typically Dostoevskian Dostoevskian position position that there can be no the typically spirit compromise between the spirit of rationalism and the spirit of religion.
Ortega, a cooler and cosmopolitan figure, is best known in this country as the social critic of The The Revolt Revolt of the the Masses. Ortega Ortega loves loves to to hide hide the the profundity profundity act of his his thought thought behind the simple simple and and casual casual language language of of aa of behind the journalist or belletrist. The image of of moves like a shadow behind everything he Biblical man moves writes.
His thinking has the narrowness and concrete power, obstinacy, of Hebraism. At first glance often the stubborn obstinacy, his contribution would would seem to be the slenderest slenderest of all the the Existentialists, to be summed up in the title of his most Existentialists, moving book, I1 and Thou. But this one thought-that thought—that meaning in life happens in the area between person and person in that situation situation of contact Thou—is worth a lifetime's when one says IJ to the other's Thou-is digging.
In any case Buber is a necessary corrective corrective to more systematizers like Heidegger and Sartre.
Contrary Contrary to the first facile journalistic existential thought thought does not reactions, the seriousness of existential arise merely out of the despair of a world from which God has departed. Such a generalization was prompted largely by the identification of existential existential philosophy philosophy with the It should appear, from the foregoing school of Sartre.
It foregoing sketch, how tiny a fragment fragment of Existentialism Existentialism the Sartrian represent. So far as the central central impulses school really does represent. Nor is it mere heterogenous lumpingfinally finds his home.
This philosophy, philosophy, as a particular mode of human human thought, is single even though its ticular practitioners different religious camps. What is practitioners wind up in different common, and and central, central, to to all all these these philosophers is that that the the common, philosophers is meaning of of religion, religion, and and religious religious faith, faith, is is recast recast in in relation relation meaning to the the individual.
Telling that story in anything like its full exotic detail is a tall order. What does it mean—to take just a few examples—that someone can package his own feces and distribute the result as works of art? Or that someone who is ill can successfully designate his hospital room a work of art? And note well that these examples are not specimens from the lunatic fringe. No, they occupy the lunatic center.
What can one say? In one sense, what we have been witnessing is the application of the principle of affirmative action to culture. Art confers prestige, celebrity, wealth; it is a social and economic blessing; therefore, its perquisites must be available to all regardless of talent or accomplishment.
The logic is impeccable: only the premise and the consequences are disastrous. If anything can be a work of art, then it follows that anyone can be an artist. Again, such ideas are not confined to the fringe. They are, in various degrees, a staple of establishment prejudice. One recalls Mr. John Hightower, a Rockefeller apparatchik who was briefly the director of the Museum of Modern Art in the late s.
In one memorable effusion, Mr. Hightower had paid more attention to the logician W. Soaring columns and marble halls bespoke an opulence of purpose as well as material wealth. As I say, explaining that change is a tall order, far beyond our remit in these essays.
But I think it is safe to say that we all know that American culture has undergone drastic changes over the last several decades. Perhaps no cultural institution—with the possible exception of the university—has changed more drastically in that time than the art museum. Forty years ago, the typical art museum was a staid and stately place.
Its architecture, often neo-classical, tended to suggest grandeur and to elicit contemplation. It does not attempt to meet people on the level of their everyday experience, seducing them inside with quiche, cappuccino, and the latest art-world trend.
Instead, it offers them a mode of experience that is patently different from—and perhaps more exalted than—their experience of everyday life.
The decibel level was low, decorum high, and crowds, generally, were sparse. The seriousness of the art museum was a reflection of the seriousness of the art world. If some works of art were deliberately playful or even frivolous, art itself was entrusted with the important task of educating the imagination and helping to humanize and refine the emotions. Accordingly, art museums were democratic but not demotic institutions. They were open, but not necessarily accessible, to all.
The bounty they offered exacted the homage of informed interest as the price of participation.
Accessibility was a privilege anyone could earn, not a right that everyone automatically enjoyed. Abridged from The Psychology of Art , will be forthcoming. Pithy, knowledgeable, and opinionated readings of illustrations Philosophy of Modern Music. New York: Continuum, DeRoo, Rebecca J. Stuart Gilbert. Translated by The Cruel Radiance - The-Eye.
Indeed, the In GilIes, the latter group is comprised of two female characters: Rebecca. All the documents are in pdf format and can be downloaded and used by Experimenting with eating in complete silence The woman turned a radio dial; a piano and a husky voice filled the silence But this breaking free, the human voice harvesting echo where there was silence As the young once sought to mime the nervous passion of Malraux, so they now Not us A Time to Keep silence.