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E / EM Standard Practice for Liquid Penetrant Testing for General Industry Standard + Redline PDF Bundle, 38, $, ADD TO CART. (Identical with ASTM Specification E ). 1. Scope. This test method covers procedures for penetrant examination of materials. They are nondestructive. dealing with the liquid penetrant examination of materials and amination Using the Lipophilic Post-Emulsification Pro- This test method is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee E07 on Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol Nondestructive Testing and is the direct.

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Astm E165 Pdf

Download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd This standard is issued under the fixed designation E/EM; the This practice is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee E07 on Nonde- E Practice for Liquid Penetrant Testing. Home; ASTM E/EM $; Add to Cart. Printed Edition + PDF;; Immediate download; $; Add to Cart. E Test Method for Liquid Penetrant Examination4. E Practice for 1 This practice is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee E-7 on Nonde- structive.

Standard Test Method for Liquid Penetrant Examination1 This standard is issued under the fixed designation E ; the number immediately following the designation indicates the year of original adoption or, in the case of revision, the year of last revision. A number in parentheses indicates the year of last reapproval. A superscript epsilon e indicates an editorial change since the last revision or reapproval. They can be effectively used in D Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products the examination of nonporous, metallic materials, both ferrous High-Temperature Method 3 and nonferrous, and of nonmetallic materials such as glazed or D Test Method for Anions in Water by Chemically fully densified ceramics, certain nonporous plastics, and glass. Suppressed Ion Chromatography4 1. Agreement by the user and the supplier regarding cess5 specific techniques is strongly recommended. It should be pointed out, cess5 however, that after indications have been produced, they must E Test Method for Fluorescent Liquid Penetrant Ex- be interpreted or classified and then evaluated. For this purpose amination Using the Solvent-Removable Process5 there must be a separate code or specification or a specific E Test Method for Visible Penetrant Examination agreement to define the type, size, location, and direction of Using the Solvent-Removable Process5 indications considered acceptable, and those considered unac- E Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations5 ceptable. SI units are provided for information only. Referenced Documents tion and Certification7 2. Published April Last previous edition E Robbins Ave. However, visible penetrant 2. Terminology Methods 3.
Also read: ASTM A775 EPUB

The used in this practice. Summary of Practice Visible penetrant indications must be viewed under adequate white light. The liquid penetrant is applied evenly over the 7. Materials surface being examined and allowed to enter open discontinui- 7.

ASTM E/EM : Standard Practice for Liquid Penetrant Testing for General Industry

After a suitable dwell time, the excess surface penetrant is cent or visible penetrants, emulsifiers oil-base and water- removed. A developer is applied to draw the entrapped pen- base , removers water and solvent , and developers dry etrant out of the discontinuity and stain the developer.

The test powder, aqueous and nonaqueous. AMS can be used, regardless of the manufacturer. Inter- NOTE 2—Fluorescent penetrant examination shall not follow a visible mixing of penetrants and emulsifiers from different manufac- penetrant examination unless the procedure has been qualified in accor- dance with NOTE 3—Refer to 9.

NOTE 4—While approved penetrant materials will not adversely affect penetrant dwell time and excess penetrant removal methods, common metallic materials, some plastics or rubbers may be swollen or are dependent on the specific materials used, the nature of the stained by certain penetrants. Significance and Use and cannot be removed with water rinsing alone. They are formulated to be selectively removed from the surface using a 5.

Properly applied and given a proper location and, to a limited extent, the nature and magnitude of emulsification time, the emulsifier combines with the excess the detected discontinuities.

Proper emulsification time must be mally supplied as dry powder particles to be either suspended experimentally established and maintained to ensure that water suspendable or dissolved water soluble in water. The over-emulsification does not result in loss of indications.

File:ASTM E165 English.pdf

Water soluble developers rectly water-washable from the surface of the test part, after a shall not be used with Type 2 penetrants or Type 1, Method A suitable penetrant dwell time. It is properly applied and controlled. The procedure should be qualified in therefore extremely important to exercise proper control in the accordance with Some penetrants are less resistant to overwashing velopers are supplied as suspensions of developer particles in than others, so caution should be exercised.

This thin coating of the penetrant has been removed. The remaining traces serves as the developing medium. To prevent removal of penetrant from discontinuities, care should NOTE 6—This type of developer is intended for application by spray be taken to avoid the use of excess solvent.

File:ASTM E165 English.pdf

Flushing the only. These 7. Certain types of film developer may be emulsify the post-emulsified penetrant on the surface of the stripped from the part and retained for record purposes see part, rendering it water-washable.

The individual characteris- 8. Procedure emulsification time. The concentration, use and maintenance shall be in accordance 8. Such operations include, but are not limited to, agitation in an open dip tank provides the scrubbing action grinding, welding, straightening, machining, and heat treating. The individual characteristics of the emulsifier and surfaces in the as-welded, as-rolled, as-cast, as-forged, or penetrant, and the geometry and surface roughness of the part ceramics in the densified condition.

Such treat- 7. Performance of final clean and free of excess penetrant. Note that final penetrant examination shall the visibility of the indications. Under certain 8.

Aerosol sprays are conveniently portable and mended because of the potential for damage. All areas of this practice E Specification for Agencies Performing Nondestruc- may be open to agreement between the cognizant engineering tive Testing organization and the supplier, or specific direction from the E Test Method for Fluorescent Liquid Penetrant Ex- cognizant engineering organization.

It E Test Method for Fluorescent Liquid Penetrant Ex- should be pointed out, however, that after indications have amination Using the Hydrophilic Post-Emulsification Pro- been found, they must be interpreted or classified and then cess evaluated. For this purpose there must be a separate code, E Test Method for Fluorescent Liquid Penetrant Ex- standard, or a specific agreement to define the type, size, amination Using the Solvent-Removable Process location, and direction of indications considered acceptable, E Test Method for Visible Penetrant Examination and those considered unacceptable.

Using Solvent-Removable Process 1. SI units are provided for information only. E Practice for Liquid Penetrant Testing 1. It is the Using the Water-Washable Process responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appro- 2.

Published July Last previous edition approved in as E - Classification of Penetrant Materials and Methods tion and Certification5 6. The sensitivity of fluores- 2. Fluorescent indications are many times brighter than their surroundings when viewed under appropri- 3.

Terminology ate black light illumination. The used in this practice. Summary of Practice Visible penetrant indications must be viewed under adequate white light.

The liquid penetrant is applied evenly over the 7. Materials surface being examined and allowed to enter open discontinui- 7.

Other books: ASTM G151 PDF

After a suitable dwell time, the excess surface penetrant is cent or visible penetrants, emulsifiers oil-base and water- removed. A developer is applied to draw the entrapped pen- base , removers water and solvent , and developers dry etrant out of the discontinuity and stain the developer.

The test powder, aqueous and nonaqueous.

AMS can be used, regardless of the manufacturer. Inter- NOTE 2—Fluorescent penetrant examination shall not follow a visible mixing of penetrants and emulsifiers from different manufac- penetrant examination unless the procedure has been qualified in accor- dance with NOTE 3—Refer to 9. NOTE 4—While approved penetrant materials will not adversely affect penetrant dwell time and excess penetrant removal methods, common metallic materials, some plastics or rubbers may be swollen or are dependent on the specific materials used, the nature of the stained by certain penetrants.

Significance and Use and cannot be removed with water rinsing alone. They are formulated to be selectively removed from the surface using a 5. Properly applied and given a proper location and, to a limited extent, the nature and magnitude of emulsification time, the emulsifier combines with the excess the detected discontinuities.

Proper emulsification time must be mally supplied as dry powder particles to be either suspended experimentally established and maintained to ensure that water suspendable or dissolved water soluble in water. The over-emulsification does not result in loss of indications.

ASTM E 165 - 02 .pdf

Water soluble developers rectly water-washable from the surface of the test part, after a shall not be used with Type 2 penetrants or Type 1, Method A suitable penetrant dwell time. It is properly applied and controlled. The procedure should be qualified in therefore extremely important to exercise proper control in the accordance with Some penetrants are less resistant to overwashing velopers are supplied as suspensions of developer particles in than others, so caution should be exercised.

This thin coating of the penetrant has been removed. The remaining traces serves as the developing medium. To prevent removal of penetrant from discontinuities, care should NOTE 6—This type of developer is intended for application by spray be taken to avoid the use of excess solvent.

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