Psychology: a concise introduction by Richard A Griggs. Psychology: a concise introduction eBook: Document. English. Fifth edition. New York: Worth. Editorial Reviews. About the Author. Richard A. Griggs is Professor Emeritus of Psychology at Psychology: A Concise Introduction 4th Edition, Kindle Edition. by. Psychology: A Concise Introduction explores the territory of the introductory psychology course while answering the growing need for a No eBook available Worth Publishers, Mar 18, - Psychology - pages Edition, illustrated.
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B It decides whether or not to manufacture neurotransmitters. C It decides whether or not to fire an impulse. D It decides how fast an impulse should travel down the axon. Why do neural impulses travel faster in myelinated axons than in unmyelinated axons? A Myelin is a better conductor of electricity than other material in the axon. B The impulse leaps from gap to gap in the myelin sheath, rather than traveling continuously down the axon.
C Myelin prevents other substances from interfering with the impulse. D Unmyelinated axons are less developed than myelinated axons. Treating Parkinson's disease with L-dopa may lead to an increase in: A the ability of dopamine to cross the blood-brain barrier.
B the amount of dopamine in the brain. C schizophrenia-like symptoms. D both the amount of dopamine in the brain and schizophrenia-like symptoms. Why are drugs that block the reuptake of neurotransmitters considered agonists? A They keep neurotransmitters active in the synaptic gap.
B They increase the production of neurotransmitters. C They attach to the receptor cells in the receiving neuron to transmit messages. D They encourage continuous release of neurotransmitters from the axon terminal. Treating schizophrenia with antipsychotic drugs can lead to side effects that resemble Parkinson's disease because these drugs: A increase levels of dopamine activity. B decrease levels of dopamine activity.
C destroy dopamine neurons in the brain. D destroy dopamine receptors in the brain. Sensory and motor neurons are located nervous system s and interneurons are located nervous system.
A in both the central and peripheral; only in the central B in both the central and peripheral; only in the peripheral C only in the central; only in the peripheral D only in the peripheral; only in the central Page 1 7.
A The two systems are connected to different glands and organs, thus explaining their dissimilar effects. D Both systems are part of the peripheral nervous system.
A into the bloodstream; quickly B into the bloodstream; slowly C directly to their target sites; quickly D directly to their target sites; slowly than A It is located near the very top of the brain. B It controls the functioning of the somatic nervous system. C It releases hormones that direct other endocrine glands to release their hormones. D All of the answers are correct. According to the James—Lange theory of emotion, emotion occurs autonomic arousal and the behavioral response.
According to the Cannon—Bard theory of emotion, emotion occurs autonomic arousal and the behavioral response. A before; after B after; before C before; at the same time as D after; at the same time as Page 2 When you feel a slap on the left cheek of your face, the of the hemisphere is active. A motor; frontal; right B somatosensory; parietal; right C motor; frontal; left D somatosensory; parietal; left cortex in the lobe Sheila was in an accident in which she received damage to her cerebellum.
B playing soccer. C storing information in short-term memory. D transferring information from short-term memory to long-term memory. When you repeat aloud what someone else is saying, which choice accurately depicts the sequence of brain activity from the time you comprehend the words until the time you prepare to pronounce the words? A Wernicke's area in the temporal lobe, Broca's area in the frontal lobe B Broca's area in the frontal lobe, Wernicke's area in the temporal lobe C Wernicke's area in the frontal lobe, Broca's area in the temporal lobe D Broca's area in the temporal lobe, Wernicke's area in the frontal lobe In laboratory testing of a split-brain patient, suppose a picture of a baseball is flashed only to the patient's left visual field.
How would the split-brain patient be able to identify the baseball? Why is REM sleep sometimes referred to as paradoxical sleep?
A Brain waves are very slow, even if a person is dreaming about activity. B Body muscles are relaxed and immobilized, but the brain is active. C Sleepwalking may occur, but memory is not active enough to recall it. D Eyes are still, but people feel as if they are watching events in a dream.
Page 3 Answer Key 1. The human brain is estimated to consist of approximately A million B million C billion D billion 2. The A B C D nerve cells neurons. A neurons; glial cells B glial cells; neurons C glial cells; glial cells D neurons; neurons 4. Recent research indicates that the ratio of glial cells to neurons is approximately: A B C D A Glial cells communicate with other glial cells. B Glial cells release neurotransmitters. C Glial cells strengthen and weaken neuronal connections.
D Glial cells insulate neurons and remove the waste products of neurons. Which part of the neuron looks like the branches of a tree?
A the axon B the cell body C the dendrites D the myelin sheath Page 1 7. The neuronal structure responsible for receiving information from other neurons is the: A axon. B axon terminal. C dendrite. D cell body.
The process of neural transmission within a neuron begins at the. A cell body; axon B axon terminals; cell body C cell body; dendrites D dendrites; axon terminals and ends at the Starting with incoming information, which ordering describes the sequence of neuronal transmission? A dendrites cell body axon axon terminal B dendrites axon terminal axon cell body C axon axon terminal cell body dendrite D axon terminal axon cell body dendrite The long, singular fiber leaving the cell body is the: A dendrite.
B axon. C glial cell. D axon terminal. Which part of the neuron decides whether or not information should be passed on to other neurons? A the axon B the cell body C the dendrites D the axon terminals Page 2 The A B C D contain s the nucleus of the neuron.
In which instances will the cell body generate an impulse? A Excitatory input and inhibitory input are equal. B Inhibitory input outweighs excitatory input by a certain amount. C Excitatory input outweighs inhibitory input by a certain amount.
D The cell body will generate an impulse if excitatory input and inhibitory input are equal or if excitatory input outweighs inhibitory input by a certain amount. For any particular neuron, an "all-or-nothing" event refers to the fact that all: A impulses travel at the same speed, no matter how intense a stimulus is.
B dendrites must receive input or the axon will not transmit an impulse. C axon terminals pass on information, or none do. D input must be excitatory or no information will travel down the axon.
We are able to interpret varying intensities of stimuli e. B special neurons send messages more intensely. C neurons send messages more frequently when we receive more intense stimuli. D each neuron sends a different type of signal.
When Cheyanne sees a bright light compared with a dim light: A more neurons generate impulses with no change in rate. B more neurons generate impulses with an increase in rate. C the same number of neurons generates impulses with an increase in rate. D the impulse travels down the axon faster. Page 3 Which statement about the speed of neural impulses is TRUE? A Impulses in all neurons travel at the same speed.
B Impulses can travel as fast as miles per hour. C Impulses travel slower if an axon is encased in myelin. D Impulses travel faster if the intensity of the stimulus is strong. Compared with the impulses generated by a whisper, a loud scream will cause: A impulses to travel faster down axons. B fewer neurons to generate impulses. C more neurons to generate impulses more often.
D a single neuron to send a bigger impulse. The A B C D is an insulating layer of a white fatty substance. The myelin sheath the neural impulse because. A speeds up; the axon becomes narrower B speeds up; the impulse "leaps" from one gap in the sheath to another C slows down; the axon becomes wider D slows down; the impulse is partially blocked by the myelin As a victim of multiple sclerosis, Mrs.
Samuels is suffering from deterioration of leading to an obvious difficulty in. A dendrites; hearing B dendrites; moving C the myelin sheath; hearing D the myelin sheath; moving , The destruction of the myelin sheath results in movement difficulties for sufferers of multiple sclerosis because: A unmyelinated axons transmit neural messages erratically, greatly slowing movement.
B cell bodies cannot respond to dendritic messages when axons are unmyelinated. C the transmission of the neural impulses is greatly slowed when myelin deteriorates. D the all-or-nothing event is stopped when axons are unmyelinated. Page 4 White matter in the brain is composed of: A myelinated axons. B unmyelinated axons. C myelinated dendrites. D unmyelinated dendrites. The outside layer of our cerebral hemispheres appears gray because it is composed of billions of: A neurotransmitters.
B cell bodies and dendrites. C dendrites and glial cells. D myelinated axons. White matter is composed of ; gray matter is composed of A myelinated axons; cell bodies and dendrites B cell bodies and dendrites; myelinated axons C dendrites; cell bodies and myelinated axons D cell bodies and myelinated axons; dendrites.
What happens when the impulse reaches the axon terminals? A The impulse reverses direction and travels back to the cell body. B The vesicles in the axon terminals fuse together. C The vesicles in the axon terminals open and neurotransmitters enter the synaptic gap. D The vesicles absorb neurotransmitters.
After carrying their message across the synapse to the receptor sites, neurotransmitters: A may be consumed by the brain for energy. B may be destroyed in the synaptic gap by enzymes. C may travel through the receptor sites into the next neuron.
D None of the answers is correct. A They may be destroyed by enzymes. B They may be taken back into the axon terminals of the sending neuron for reuse. C They may be destroyed by enzymes or taken back into the axon terminals of the sending neuron for reuse. D They are neither destroyed by enzymes nor taken back into the axon terminals of the sending neuron. Page 5 A neurotransmitter is: A the microscopic gap between neurons. B a naturally occurring chemical in our nervous system that specializes in transmitting information.
C a chemical substance manufactured outside the body that can pass through the blood-brain barrier.
D a structure that pushes sodium out of the neuron. The synaptic gap is so small that hair. A B C 2, D 10, synaptic gaps would fill one strand of human The synapse is: A the microscopic gap between neurons.
C a fiber that emanates out of the cell body like the branches of a tree. D the long singular fiber leaving the cell body. In relation to neural transmission, what is happening during binding? A Neurotransmitters attach themselves to cell bodies. B Neurotransmitters travel from the axon to the axon terminals. C Neurotransmitters attach to the axon terminals.
D Neurotransmitters attach to dendrite receptor sites. Page 6 During reuptake: A vesicles release neurotransmitter molecules into the synaptic gap. B neurotransmitter molecules cross the synaptic gap and attach to the receiving neuron. C neurotransmitter molecules are reabsorbed into the sending neuron's axon terminals. D enzymes destroy unused neurotransmitters in the synaptic gap.
The brain consumes approximately A 5 B 10 C 25 D 50 Approximately A 10 B 20 C 25 D 40 percent of the body's oxygen.
A Which areas of the brain are active when a person is reading a book? B Is the left hemisphere or right hemisphere more involved in speech production?
C Does neural activity during speech differ between deaf and speaking individuals? D Which neurotransmitter is involved in speech production? Page 7 In studying the brain, the technique involves detection of radioactive substances, and the technique involves the detection of the amount of oxygen being used by brain areas.
C fMRIs are less invasive and produce sharper images. D The fMRI is preferable for all of these reasons. Prior to undergoing a brain scan, Brian takes a harmless dose of radioactive glucose. It is likely that Brian's doctor is using which technique? An agonist the activity of one or more neurotransmitters, and an antagonist the activity of one or more neurotransmitters. A increases; increases B increases; decreases C decreases; increases D decreases; decreases It can be used for those studying the topic on their own, as well as those engaging in a traditional introductory psychology course.
This distinctive psychology textbook is an excellent option for those seeking a different kind of psychology education.
Introduction to Psychology 10th Edition James W. Kalat Year of Publication: One of the mist widely used introductory psychology textbooks is the Introduction to Psychology series, written by James Kalat.
In the 13th edition of this series the text moves beyond simply covering the major theories and studies within the field of psychology. By using this approach, students not only gather the knowledge expected at the introductory level, but they also learn to think critically and become better consumers of research. In this highly student-praised book, the author, a North Carolina State University professor, challenges students previously-held ideas about the field of psychology to allow them to evolve into more informed consumers of information throughout their college experience as well as in post-college life.
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In this edition the reader is immediately drawn, showing just how fascinating the study of psychology can be. The book uses a modular, visual approach to outline the basic tenets of the field of psychology and psychological research.
The entire book has been individually planned, written, and formatted to be effective in combining the use of Visual Cues, which helps students to better remember the information they have read. This is one of the best introductory psychology textbooks on the list for students who traditionally struggle with learning from a textbook.
The unique approach makes it easy to follow and engage in the material. Students learning from this text also have access to the InfoTrac Student Collection. Mitterer Year of Publication: This vastly applauded introductory psychology textbook was co-authored by professionals who have each received a great deal of praise and rave reviews from instructors and students with each succeeding edition. They are both leaders in their field and among the best textbook authors in the world.
The 12th edition of Introduction to Psychology: Gateways to Mind and Behavior with Concept Maps and Reviews has been designed to grab the attention of even the most difficult to reach college students. The careful design of the layout of the text is intentionally visually rich.
The text covers the historical beginnings of the field of psychology, in unison with a thorough discussion of the empirical scientific method. This combination allows the user to find the study of psychology interesting, relevant, and most importantly, accessible. It is an excellent text for a wide range of learning and teaching styles. Psychology — 10th Edition David G.
Myers Year of Publication: The 10th edition of David Myers Psychology is a leader in the field of introductory psychology. One of the highest complements this book continuously receives from both students and professors is how engaging the material is from the very first chapter. Both the material itself, as well as the easy-to-use presentation, outlines the broad field of psychology in a very concise, appealing manner.
The narrative is easy to read and concise to cater all kinds of learners. In each edition he betters the one before, with an increasing amount of commendations from professionals and students alike. Myers works closely with a team of researchers and writers, all of whom are leaders in the field, to grasp the importance of psychological research and the needs of the instructors and students.
The text covers all of the pertinent historical information, outlines the scientific method as it applies to psychology and shows students the breadth of modem psychological practice. Myers used these testers to find inherent flaws in the previous edition of the text, and he made all necessary changes.
This made the text more user-friendly and much more enjoyable. In keeping with previous editions, the 10th edition of this landmark series is another robust, deeply considered revision.
This succinct textbook is an affordable yet authoritative alternative to the introductory psychology text. Students immediately enjoy the low price tag, but quickly find that the book is worth well beyond the low price. Students learn the ins and outs of the empirical scientific method, how to plan and implement research and how to understand the findings. There are several chapters that allow students to understand where psychology started and how far it has come.
There is a great deal of depth and breadth found within the books pages. In addition to the textbook, there is a robust, specifically designed supplement package for students and instructors.
No other text and supplement package can offer the same value for the affordable price. The 4th edition of the text is thoroughly updated, specifically in target areas such as neuroscience and in coverage of topics affected by the release of the new DSM