BACKGROUND INFO. A very basic way of thinking about literary theory is that these ideas act as different lenses critics use to write and talk about art, literature, . Literary criticism is the method used to interpret any given work of literature. The different schools of literary criticism provide us with lenses which ultimately. “Literary criticism is the study, analysis, and evaluation of imaginative literature. Everyone who If an individual offers a sound analysis based on connections.
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Literary theories were developed as a means to understand the various ways Feminist Criticism: A feminist critic sees cultural and economic disabilities in a. Literary Theory and Schools of Criticism. Introduction. A very basic way of thinking about literary theory is that these ideas act as different lenses critics use to. PDF Drive is your search engine for PDF files. As of today we have 78,, eBooks for you to download for free. No annoying ads, no download limits, enjoy .
For some theories of literature especially certain kinds of formalism , the distinction between "literary" and other sorts of texts is of paramount importance.
Other schools particularly post-structuralism in its various forms: Mikhail Bakhtin argued that the "utter inadequacy" of literary theory is evident when it is forced to deal with the novel ; while other genres are fairly stabilized, the novel is still developing. Another crucial distinction among the various theories of literary interpretation is intentionality, the amount of weight given to the author's own opinions about and intentions for a work.
For most preth century approaches, the author's intentions are a guiding factor and an important determiner of the "correct" interpretation of texts. The New Criticism was the first school to disavow the role of the author in interpreting texts, preferring to focus on "the text itself" in a close reading. In fact, as much contention as there is between formalism and later schools, they share the tenet that the author's interpretation of a work is no more inherently meaningful than any other.
Listed below are some of the most commonly identified schools of literary theory, along with their major authors. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
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Inside HigherEd. Washington, DC. Jay treats it [theory] as transformative progress, but it impressed us as hack philosophizing, amateur social science, superficial learning, or just plain gamesmanship.
Archetypal criticism Biographical criticism Chicago school Cultural materialism Darwinian criticism Deconstruction Descriptive poetics Ecocriticism Feminist criticism Formalism Geocriticism Marxist criticism New Criticism New Historicism Postcolonial criticism Psychoanalytic criticism Reader-response criticism Russian formalism Semiotic criticism Sociological criticism Source criticism Thing theory.
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Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikiquote. This page was last edited on 10 April , at The interpretation can be done either by direct examination where the literature can be analyzed simply by reviewing its contents, aesthetic and moral principles.
A particular literature expresses the atmosphere of that age and the work of art express the man who created it. Every work of literature is the product of a particular race, a particular environment and a particular time, and that one cannot understand and interpret that work completely, or even adequately, until one has studied that race, that environment and that time Hazlitt, Interpretation is not only to understand the art but to show that there is a mystery behind so the critics analysis and formulates the meaning to the art.
After interpreting, comes the evaluation of the literary work. The examination of the work must be carried out in order to decide how well or bad is the work of literature T. Criticism means to judge.
Thus a critic is interpreter first, and a judge later, he should judge it impartially without personal likes and dislikes, prejudices objectivity. That the critic should be guided by facts and facts alone. He should approach the work of art with a free mind, unprejudiced by any theories or preconceived notions.
Only then can he be completely objective and impersonal. It is in this way that criticism approaches to the position of science and can passes a verdict on it. The perfect judge will read with the same spirit as that of the author to see the object as in itself it really reviewing and finally the definition of taste.
Thus the criticism of literature gives the finishing touch of beauty and taste to the literature. For good criticism, the critic must have good knowledge of technical details of that literature and the background of that culture and of that age. The criticism is just simply to know the best that is known and thought in the world, and to create a current of true and fresh ideas.
The spectator, Volume 1. The function of criticism at the present time. Literary criticism in antiquity: A sketch of its development. CUP Archive. Eliot, T. The function of criticism. The frontiers of criticism.