Free Download Gandhi Books in PDF | EPUB | MOBI format at one click (Right click on 'PDF' or with Truth. Translated by (from Gujarati): Mahadev Desai. Mahatma Gandhi writers books and stories on Matrubharti, Satyana Prayogo ( Aatmkatha) in Biography in Gujarati pdf on is published by . Satyana Prayogo Athva Atmkatha (Gujarati Edition) [Mahatma Gandhi] on aracer.mobi *FREE* shipping This is the best book to make life simple and happy.
|Language:||English, Spanish, Dutch|
|Genre:||Children & Youth|
|Distribution:||Free* [*Registration needed]|
Satyache Prayog athva Atmakatha "pdf Format". This is the This book is in ".pdf " format which can be read using Acrobat eBook Reader. Please click on the This is the Autobiography of Mahatma Gandhi translated in Gujarati. This book is . 15 ઑક્ટો Satyana Prayogo Athava Aatmakatha (સત્યના પ્રયોગો અથવા આત્મકથા) in Gujarati by Mahatma Gandhi - Download ebook on Dailyhunt To read this book you need to Download the Dailyhunt App on your phone. When the series appeared in book form in English in two volumes, the first . The original Gujarati title Satyana Prayogo Athava Atmakatha has.
As he adopted this belief, Gandhi chose to abandon Western dress and habits, and he moved his family and staff to a Transvaal farm called the Phoenix, where he even gave renounced the use of an oil-powered engine and printed Indian Opinion by hand-wheel, and performed agriculture labor using old, manual farming equipment.
He began to conceive of his public work as a mission to restore old Indian virtue and civilization, rather than fall prey to modern Western influence, which included electricity and technology. Between and , he also changed another aspect of his personal life by achieving Brahmacharya, or the voluntary abstention from sexual relations. He made this choice as part of his philosophy of selflessness and self-restraint. Finally, he also formulated his own philosophy of political protest, called Satyagraha, which literally meant "truth-force" in Sanskrit.
In practice, this practice meant protesting injustice steadfastly, but in a non-violent manner. He put this theory into practice on September 8, , when, at a large gathering of the Indian community in Transvaal, he asked the whole community to take a vow of disobedience to the law, as the Transvaal government had started an effort to register every Indian child over the age of eight, which would make them an official part of the South African population.
Setting a personal example, Gandhi became the first Indian to appear before a magistrate for his refusal to register, and he was sentenced to two months in prison. He actually asked for a heavier sentence, a request, consistent with his philosophy of self-denial. After his release, Gandhi continued his campaign and thousands of Indians burned their registration cards, crossing the Transvaal-Natal border without passes.
Many went to jail, including Gandhi, who went to jail again in Gandhi did not waiver when a South African General by the name of Jan Christiaan Smuts promised to eliminate the registration law, but broke his word. Gandhi went all the way to London in and gathered enough support among the British to convince Smuts to eliminate the law in Yet, the Transvaal Prime Minister continued to regard Indians as second-class citizens while the Cape Colony government passed another discriminatory law making all non-Christian marriages illegal, which meant that all Indian children would be considered born out of wedlock.
In addition, the government in Natal continued to impose crippling poll tax for entering Natal only upon Indians. In response to these strikingly unjust rules, Gandhi organized a large-scale satyagraha, which involved women crossing the Natal-Transvaal border illegally.
When they were arrested, five thousand Indian coal miners also went on strike and Gandhi himself led them across the Natalese border, where they expected arrest.
Although Smuts and Gandhi did not agree on many points, they had respect for each other. In , Smuts relented due to the sheer number of Indians involved in protest and negotiated a settlement which provided for the legality of Indian marriages and abolished the poll tax.
Further, the import of indentured laborers from India was to be phased out by In July , Gandhi sailed for Britain, now admired as "Mahatma," and known throughout the world for the success of satyagraha. Mahatma in the Midst of World Turmoil Gandhi was in England when World War I started and he immediately began organizing a medical corps similar to the force he had led in the Boer War, but he also faced health problems that caused him to return to India, where he met the applauding crowds with enthusiasm once again.
Indians continued to refer to him as "Mahatma" or "Great Soul," an appellation reserved only for the holiest men of Hinduism. While Gandhi accepted the love and admiration of the crowds, he also insisted that all souls were equal and did not accept the implication of religious sacredness that his new name carried.
In order to retreat into a life of humility and restraint, as his personal principles mandated, he decided to withdraw from public life for a while spending his first year in India focusing on his personal quest for purity and healing. He also lived in a communal space with untouchables, a choice which many of his financial supporters resented, because they believed that the very presence of untouchables defiled higher-caste Indians. Gandhi even considered moving to a district in Ahmedabad inhabited entirely by the untouchables when a generous Muslim merchant donated enough money to keep up his current living space for another year.
By that time, Gandhi's communal life with the untouchables had become more acceptable. Although Gandhi had withdrawn from public life, he briefly met with the British Governor of Bombay and future Viceroy of India , Lord Willington, whom Gandhi promised to consult before he launched any political campaigns.
Gandhi also felt the impact of another event, the passing of G. Gokhale, who had become his supporter and political mentor. He stayed away from the political trend of Indian nationalism, which many of the members of the Indian National Congress embraced. Instead, he stayed busy resettling his family and the inhabitants of the Phoenix Settlement in South Africa, as well as the Tolstoy Settlement he had founded near Johannesburg.
For this purpose, on May 25, , he created a new settlement, which came to be known as the Satyagraha ashram derive from Sanskrit word "Satya" means "truth" near the town of Ahmedabad and close to his place of birth in the western Indian province of Gujarati.
All the inhabitants of the ashram, which included one family of untouchables, swore to poverty and chastity. After a while, Gandhi became influenced by the idea of Indian independence from the British, but he dreaded the possibility that a westernized Indian elite would replace the British government.
He developed a strong conviction that Indian independence should take place as a large-scale sociopolitical reform, which would remove the old plagues of extreme poverty and caste restrictions.
In fact, he believed that Indians could not become worthy of self-government unless they all shared a concern for the poor. As Gandhi resumed his public life in India in , he delivered a speech at the opening of the new Hindu University in the city of Benares, where he discussed his understanding of independence and reform. He also provided specific examples of the abhorrent living conditions of the lower classes that he had observed during his travels around India and focused specifically on sanitation.
Although the Indians of the higher-castes did not readily embrace the ideas in the speech, Gandhi had now returned to public life and he felt ready to convert these ideas to actions. Facing the possibility of arrest, just like he always did in South Africa, Gandhi first spoke for the rights of impoverished indigo-cultivators in the Champaran district. His efforts eventually led to the appointment of a government commission to investigate abuses by the indigo planters.
He also interefered whenever he saw violence. When a group of Ahmedabad mill workers went on strike and became violent, he resolved to fast until they returned to peace. Though some political commentators condemned Gandhi's behavior as a form of blackmail, the fast only lasted three days before the workers and their employers negotiated an agreement. Through this situation, Gandhi discovered the fast as one of his most effective weapons in late years and set a precedent for later action as part of satyagraha.
As the First World War continued, Gandhi also became involved in recruiting men for the British Army, an involvement which his followers had a difficult time accepting, after listening to his passionate speeches about resisting injustice in a non-violent manner.
Not surprisingly, at this point, although Gandhi still remained loyal to Britain and enamored with the ideals of the British constitution, his desire to support and independent home rule became stronger. As time passed, Gandhi became exhausted from his long journey around the country and fell ill with dysentery. He refused conventional treatment and chose to practice his own healing methods, relying on diet and spending a long time bedridden, while in recovery in his ashram.
While the British alleged that they fought to protect the rights of small states and independent peoples from tyranny, in India, an increasing number of people found this alleged commitment less than genuine. After the end of the war, the British government decided to follow the recommendations of the Rowlatt Committee, which advocated the retention of various wartime restrictions in India, including curfews and measures to suppress free speech.
Gandhi was still sick when these events took place and, although he could not protest actively, he felt his loyalty to the British Empire weaken significantly. Later, when the Rowlatt Act actually became law, Gandhi proposed that the entire country observe a day of prayer, fasting, and abstention from physical labor as a peaceful protest against the injustice of the oppressive law. Gandhi's plea generated an overwhelming response as millions of Indians did not go to work on April 6, As the entire country stood still, the British arrested Gandhi, which provoked angry crowds to fill the streets of India's cities and, much to Gandhi's dislike, violence erupted everywhere.
Gandhi could not tolerate violence so he called off his campaign and asked that everyone return to their homes. You hereby unconditionally, voluntarily and irrevocably consent to submit to the exclusive jurisdiction of the courts situated in Ahmedabad, in any claim or dispute concerning, relating to, or arising from this website and any information received through this website.
Visitor on-line Conduct You agree to use this website only for lawful purposes. You agree to use this website only for its intended purposes. You agree not to disrupt this website.
You agree that you are solely responsible for any actions you undertake while visiting this website and that you will comply with all applicable local, state, national and international laws and regulations applicable to this website and the Internet, including all applicable copyright.
You agree that this section applies to all content available through this website.
What Information Do We Collect? Billing Information In order to submit orders through the Platform, you will be required to provide certain information in addition to the Personal Information noted above.
Collection of such Geo-location Information occurs only when the platform is running on your mobile device. You may decline to allow us to collect such Geo-location Information, in which case e-Shabda will not be able to provide certain services to you. Because your Geo-location Information is subject to abuse by others, please be sure to manage your mobile device and privacy preferences on the Platform on an ongoing basis.
Information that we automatically collect when you use the Platform, such as the type of device from which you access the Platform, your IP addresses, browser type and language, referring and exit pages and URLs, date and time, amount of time spent on particular pages, what sections of the Platform you visit, what you order, and similar information concerning your use of the Platform.
Cookies and How We Use Them? Generally cookies identify the user and not the computer.
Also it is required that if financial transaction are being carried out by the site every transaction is authorized explicitly by the user and no financial information is either cached or stored in cookies.
This book is currently available in ". You can use the ". Please click on the links above to download the entire book. Satyache Prayog athva Atmakatha "pdf Format".
This book is in ". Please click on the link above to download the entire book. T his is the Autobiography of Mahatma Gandhi translated in Hindi. Please click on the links below to download the book which is divided in 5 chapters.