blues riffs for diatonic harmonica in C, in the style of. The Walters, Sonnyboy II, Sonny Terry, Levy, Clarke,. Milteau,. Piazza, Musselwhite, McCoy, Power and. Beginning Blues Harp - Download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online . Blues methode for harp. As you play along with this DVD you will have the opportunity to experience the enjoyment of allowing music to freely flow through you. This DVD will share with.
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The harmonica is a free-reed wind musical instrument, played by blowing or Other names for the harmonica are harp, blues harp, mouth harp, hand reed. There are 20 reeds on the harmonica—10 on the blow (exhale) reed plate and the chord—a tone outside of the key that builds bluesy tension—a note that will. From the harmonica to the blues harmonica (Steve Baker). What do people mean downloadable PDF lesson plans with exercises and music notation/TAB;.
Clear, concise explanations for beginners of all ages. No prior music experience is necessary. This book is designed for a standard hole diatonic harmonica preferably in the key of "C" and includes: Techniques, tips, lessons plans, easy blues jamming, and 10 Fun Songs -- you don't need to read music to play them.
Audio examples for the songs and riffs: Bonus website content includes: Read Customer Reviews. Take it anywhere on your smart phone, iPad, or Android device. It contains features like color photos and clickable Table of Contents. Customer Reviews:.
Clear and Straight forward Ideal for any beginner harmonica player He also knows that "keep it simple" is not enough unless wedded to "make it fun. The song tabs in the book are easy to read, and the conversational writing style relies heavily on bulleted lists to good effect. Crisp black and white photographs are used intelligently throughout. What you play on the harp, more than on any other instrument, should be a pure reflection of your soul.
Your goal is not to merely play the music. Your goal is to feel the music. Music should be an extension of your mood at the moment, and you should let your emotion flow freely through your harp. Blues Clues Practice being spontaneous. Set your CD changer to random selection, load it up with CDs of different styles of music, and let it rip. This is great preparation for professional jam sessions, which can get pretty hot and fastpaced. You want to be able to keep up.
It could even happen in as little as six months from when you get started. The harmonica world needs only so many masters. Within six months from the date you purchased this book, you could find yourself entertaining others with good quality music, playing professionally in a band if you want to, and generally having a good time with your music. Author unknown. We just want you to note that the harmonica not only has survived several thousand years of human progression and occasional regression, but has migrated across different civilizations while constantly adapting itself to reflect prevailing musical tastes.
In this chapter, we sketch the history of the harmonica from its oriental origins to its place in the modern world of music. Then we explore its role in the development of early American music styles and examine why it was and still is the perfect instrument for the sounds and rhythms that exemplify the American music experience. Others contend that it was in fact Empress Nyu-kwa who deserves credit for inventing this instrument around B.
We strongly suspect that the sheng actually was invented for either of these royal personages by one of the Royal Eunuchs.
Whoever came up with the idea, the sheng was an immediate hit in the royal household and quickly spread throughout China and more distant areas of Asia.
It then began to spread westward with the opening of trade routes and was being played by Turks and Persians by the sixth century. Harmonicology A free-reed instrument uses free-standing reeds to create different tones. The reed is a strip of leather or metal that is attached at one end and free to vibrate at the other. The flow of air makes the free end vibrate. The length of the strip determines the tone: A longer reed produces a lower tone and, conversely, a shorter reed produces a higher tone.
The sheng was one of the first free-reed instruments. Its reeds were fixed at one end and free to vibrate at the other. The length of the reed determined the pitch of the tone. Modern day free-reed instruments include the harmonica, accordion, and concertina. Each of them has many different free-standing reeds of various lengths to create different pitches. Compare them with a typical fixed-reed instrument, such as a clarinet or saxophone.
With these instruments, the reed is fixed within, and vibrates against, a mouthpiece. There is only one reed in the instrument. The pitch of a note is determined by the length of the tube attached to the mouthpiece. Different pitches are created by opening and closing holes in the tube. Much like its descendant the harmonica, the sheng was a highly expressive instrument that could be played with great versatility.
It could be mellow or shrill, and sheng players used many of the same techniques you will learn in this book: vibratos, bending, and trilling. Unlike the modern harmonica, however, the sheng plays the same notes on both inhale and exhale. Europe Adopts and Adapts the Free Reed Traders reputedly brought shengs back to Europe as early as the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, but a French missionary, Pere Amiot, is generally credited with getting the freereed ball rolling in Europe in the late s.
Numerous experiments were undertaken to create free-reed variants of the original sheng. If the truth be told, this instrument was much closer to the modern-day harmonica than any of the others: The player could both blow and draw to play different notes, and chords could be played due to the unique ordering of notes using the same concept still found on diatonic harmonicas today.
Richter is still the namesake for the most common tuning for diatonic harmonicas today. By the s, these free-reed instruments had become popular enough to be commercially produced in Germany, Austria, and Switzerland. Hohner was much more than an artisan; he was a very good businessman who soon controlled the harmonica trade in Europe. Yet the greatest contributing factor to his success was nothing so grand. It was the simple act of corresponding with relatives who had emigrated to America.
They convinced him to ship a box of harmonicas to them in the early s, and a harmonica empire was born. The harmonica quickly found a market in America and spread both west and south, where it found its true roots. The harmonica actually followed two divergent paths to popularity in American music, two paths that initially were defined by racial lines.
Eventually, any racial distinctions disappeared and the two paths to a large extent merged. Among the European immigrants and their descendants, the harmonica was adopted for new American folk music that was a combination of Old- and New- World sounds and rhythms. Much of the early American folk music was rooted in the popular music and dance tunes brought to America by European immigrants. Here, it was all mixed together into a melting pot of music, with a touch of American independence, freedom, and attitude added for flavor.
It was incorporated into American folk bands and, together with the fiddle and banjo, became a driving force at barn dances, saloons, weddings, festivals, and campfire sing-alongs. Harmonicology The straight harp is a style of playing the harmonica, also called the first position, in which the harmonica is played in the same music key as it is tuned to. This style of playing consists primarily of blowing notes, as opposed to drawing, and is the dominant style of play for folk, bluegrass, and Celtic music.
A more modern-day musician who exemplifies the straight harp style of play is Bob Dylan. Many notable characters from American folklore took up the harmonica to pass the time between gunfights and poker games or while lingering in jail cells. Davey Crockett was said to have played the harmonica for the Alamo defenders it is unclear who survived to report this. They had brought from Africa many diverse styles of music characterized by intricate rhythms and notes not found in European music.
Add their tradition of musical storytelling passed from generation to generation, and you have the birth of the blues. The slaves also brought from Africa a hand-held mouth instrument called a quill that was able to produce the same style of falling tones as the human voice. As the harmonica spread to the South, they soon learned that similar falling tones could be produced on this new instrument. This was one of the first steps in the development of the style of playing known as cross harp, which is the dominant style of play for modern blues and is also widely used in rock and country music.
Harmonicology The cross harp, or second position, is a style of playing the harmonica in which it is played in a key five notes higher than the key it is tuned to.
For example, a song in the key of G would be played on a C-tuned harmonica. This position is also known as the bluesharp position. At the same time, every German soldier was being provided with a Kaiser Wilhelm model for Christmas. Harmonicas from Sea to Shining Sea Meanwhile, back in America, the popularity of the harmonica continued to grow and branch out into different areas of music. They started to spring up around the country in the early s, mostly as harmonica youth bands complete with uniforms in the style of marching bands.
As these young musicians matured, so did their venues. Harmonica bands became a staple of vaudeville and concert halls in the s, and their repertoires were incredibly diverse, spanning ethnic songs, pop tunes, jazz standards, and light classical pieces.
The best known of these bands probably was Borrah Minevitch and the Harmonica Rascals, which was a popular fixture on stages around the country for 25 years. At the same time, radio and movies were competing for the attention and dollars of audiences, and the harmonica quickly moved into these media.
The other significant pre-war harmonica development was the emergence of the first harmonica soloists focusing on classical music. This was made possible by the invention in by Hohner, of course of the chromatic harmonica. Unlike other harmonicas, which could play all 12 notes in the scale only by using techniques such as bending and overblowing, the chromatic harmonica could play all 12 notes through simply blowing and drawing and pushing a button on the side of the instrument to sharpen or flatten the notes.
This development opened up an entirely new world of music to harmonica players. The harmonica world was on a roll. With an embargo in effect, harpists now turned their attention to figuring out how to repair what had previously been considered throwaway instruments.
In the process of learning how to fix their busted harmonicas, players began to learn how to improve and customize them. New styles of music appeared on the scene, and the harmonica again proved its versatility in becoming an important element of these styles. God put that on me to make me play. But the most important post-war event, as far as the harmonica was concerned, was conducted with much less fanfare. Suddenly, the harmonica took center stage on the Chicago blues scene.
This sound became the standard for blues harp playing and was a major contributing factor in catapulting blues music and blues harpists, such as James Cotton and Junior Wells, onto the national scene. During this same period, the chromatic harmonica players continued to carve out a niche in the jazz and, to a lesser extent, classical arenas.
Larry Adler was still the master of this scene in America right up until he was branded a communist and blacklisted during the dark period of the McCarthy hearings. He left his native country and emigrated to the United Kingdom. Also in the early s, John Sebastion became the first harmonicist to focus exclusively on classical music.
It was during this era that the harmonica once again captured the imagination of the American public, and sales soared. It seemed that, regardless of the style of music, the harp was a featured instrument. Almost every British band featured a harp player, and American bands, such as Creedence Clearwater Revival, took up the instrument as well.
Today, approximately two million harmonicas are sold each year in the United States alone, with annual worldwide sales exceeding 10 million. There are estimated to be over 40 million people in the United States who have played the harmonica. Hohner itself has produced well over one billion harmonicas since its first year when its founder painstakingly built the first No matter how you slice it, the harmonica is the most popular instrument in the world.
However, it also has an extremely strong presence in rock, country, bluegrass, and folk music, and a growing popularity in the world of jazz. Although the harmonica bands have largely faded from the scene, there are plenty of old and new legends still blowing their harps.
It has established a museum in Trossingen, Germany that displays over 25, harmonicas. It has become the pre-eminent international organization promoting and supporting the harmonica, complete with quarterly newsletters and an annual convention. On a final note, harpists finally seem to be making in-roads into the world of formal music education. If the first note of the scale is a C , this is a C scale. If the first note is a G , it's a G scale.
The 1st, 3rd and 5th notes of a C scale play a C major chord. Likewise for an A or a B scale. The IV chord moves the music further away from home base. The V chord moves it further still. Stay with me. In Chapter II, you'll meet the world's first rock band, The Cave Boys, their harp player, Stone, and you will learn the harmonica essentials - what kind of harp to play, how to make your first sounds, and how to play chords and single notes.
They played drums, bass, guitar and harmonica - amplifying their instruments through valuable electric tree stumps for which they had scoured the countryside.
The legend also tells us of Umm, the beautiful female vocalist who joined the Cave Boys and led them to stardom with such prehistoric hits as "Tango in the Tarpits" and "Funky Dinosaur. He started as a boy on a hillside with only the crickets and the coyotes for accompaniment.
He went on to make the sweetest blues and rock harmonica sounds the world has ever heard. What were Stone's secrets? How was he able to make that harmonica bend and warble with so much feeling - and always in perfect accompaniment to the band's pounding I-IV-V chord progression? How was he able to play bluesy sounding Cross Harp, then melodic Straight Harp, and finally exotic, minor key Slant Harp?
Was he a human being or some bizarre musical god? This story now belongs to you. All you need is a harmonica, a pair of lips, and a sense of fun. Dig it. Stone didn't know a lot about music, but he knew how to play it. As you're about to discover, you can play it too. While there are over 30 models available, these are a few of my favorites.
Hohner Marine Band-Here's the most popular harmonica in the world. Its basic design was created in True, the wooden mouthpiece is a bit harder to play.
The wood might swell, can be hard to slide across the lips-yet the old M. Hohner Golden Melody-This is a professional instrument that emphasizes technical clarity and precise tuning. S o m e feel it lacks the warmth of the Marine Band, possibly because of "equal tuning. See pages Lee Oskar-Designed and manufactured by one of our greatest players, Lee Oskar, the easy-playing and sweet-toned "Oskie" offers replacement reedplates see page The Oskar also comes in alternate tunings that are worth checking out.
Hohner Special This wonderful little harmonica is shaped like an M. The result is a sweet-toned, easily-cupped blues harp, the favorite of millions.
It's an excellent instrument gaining in popularity. Hohner Pocket Pal-This is a starter harmonica sold at one-fourth the price of the pro models listed above. While it sounds pretty good, the action is often more difficult. I usually recommend an upgrade for beginners because anything that makes harping easier is worth it. If this is your first harmonica, the key of C is recommended. A Closer Look Stone's harmonicas were carefully carved from the tusk of wild boar with reeds fashioned from the hard bark of the boo boo tree.
There are only a few of these harps in existence today. Of course, they're priceless. The rest of us play harmonicas with nickle plated covers, wood or plastic air chambers, and brass reeds. From 1 through 10, each air chamber or hole is numbered. Inside each air chamber are two reeds: thin strips of metal of different lengths. The reeds are sensitive, and well-directed shifts in air pressure and flow can alter the pitch of the tone.
On holes 1 through 6, blow notes are lower than draw notes. The situation reverses itself on holes 7 through Up here draw notes are lower than blow notes. When this book refers to, say, 4 draw, it means suck on hole 4. Four blow, or 4 blow, means to blow on hole 4. In the charts and graphs, the number 4 with a circle around it means 4 draw.
An uncircled 4 means 4 blow.
Here are some additional facts about your harmonica: The key of your harp is etched on its right end. If you own a C harp, 1 blow plays a C note.
Holes 1 through 4, and 7 through 10 have "missing notes. Through bending, you can coax the "missing" notes out of the reeds. For instance, 1 draw is the same note as 4 draw and 8 draw. They are simply an octave apart. One blow is the same note as 4 blow and 7 blow. Three blow is the same note as 6 blow and 9 blow.