chemistry, physical chemistry, organic chemistry, analytic chemistry, chemistry notes, download chemistry notes pdf, pdf note class 12 chemistry. Chemistry Notes Class XII. As Per CBSE (NCERT) Books. Chapter Wise-Notes PDF (Board Level). Syllabus. Chapter 1 - The Solid State. Classification of solids . Free PDF download of Class 12 Chemistry revision notes and short key-notes to score more marks in exams, prepared by expert Chemistry teachers from the.
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Study from Vidyakul's latest CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Notes created by expert teachers for easy learning and quick revision in easy downloadable PDF. Class 12 Chemistry Notes – Alcohols Classification on the basis of chain structure Previous «Rajasthan Board Class X Result 12 NotesCBSE Class NotesCBSE NotesChemistry for Class 12Class 12 NotesClass XII HPBOSE Class 12th Sample Paper for Chemistry is given below for download in PDF format. them to the CBSE pattern. It is also suggested to students to keep Chemistry XII . Solid State. Solution Chemistry in Every Day life.
General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties, uses. Download CBSE Revision Notes for CBSE Class 12 Chemistry The d- and f- Block Elements General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence and characteristics of transition metals, general trends in properties of the first row transition metals - metallic character, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, ionic radii, colour, catalytic property, magnetic properties, interstitial compounds, alloy formation, preparation and properties of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4.
Lanthanoids - Electronic configuration, oxidation states, chemical reactivity and lanthanoid contraction and its consequences. Actinoids - Electronic configuration, oxidation states and comparison with lanthanoids. Bonding, Werner's theory, VBT, and CFT; structure and stereoisomerism, importance of coordination compounds in qualitative inclusion, extraction of metals and biological system.
Nomenclature, nature of C—X bond, physical and chemical properties, mechanism of substitution reactions, optical rotation. Nature of C—X bond, substitution reactions Directive influence of halogen in monosubstituted compounds only.
Uses and environmental effects of - dichloromethane, trichloromethane, tetrachloromethane, iodoform, freons, DDT.
Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties of primary alcohols only , identification of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols, mechanism of dehydration, uses with special reference to methanol and ethanol.
Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, acidic nature of phenol, electrophillic substitution reactions, uses of phenols. Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses. Nomenclature, nature of carbonyl group, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, mechanism of nucleophilic addition, reactivity of alpha hydrogen in aldehydes: Carboxylic Acids: Nomenclature, acidic nature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties; uses.
Nomenclature, classification, structure, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses, identification of primary, secondary and tertiary amines. Cyanides and Isocyanides - will be mentioned at relevant places in text.
Diazonium salts: Preparation, chemical reactions and importance in synthetic organic chemistry. Proteins -Elementary idea of - amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides, proteins, structure of proteins - primary, secondary, tertiary structure and quaternary structures qualitative idea only , denaturation of proteins; enzymes.
Hormones - Elementary idea excluding structure. Vitamins -Classification and functions. Nucleic Acids: Biodegradable and non-biodegradable polymers. Chemicals in food - preservatives, artificial sweetening agents, elementary idea of antioxidants. Cleansing agents- soaps and detergents, cleansing action. The revision notes cover all important formulas and concepts given in the chapter.
Classification - natural and synthetic, methods of polymerization addition and condensation , copolymerization, some important polymers: Biodegradable and non-biodegradable polymers. Chemicals in medicines - analgesics, tranquilizers antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials, antifertility drugs, antibiotics, antacids, antihistamines.
Chemicals in food - preservations, artificial sweetening agents, elementary idea of antioxidants. Detailed Solutions To H.
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Chapter 1 - The Solid State Classification of solids based on different binding forces: Chapter 2 - Solutions Types of solutions, expression of concentration of solutions of solids in liquids, solubility of gases in liquids, solid solutions, colligative properties - relative lowering of vapour pressure, Raoult's law, elevation of boiling point, depression of freezing point, osmotic pressure, determination of molecular masses using colligative properties, abnormal molecular mass, Van't Hoff factor.
Chapter 3 - Electrochemistry Redox reactions, conductance in electrolytic solutions, specific and molar conductivity, variations of conductivity with concentration, Kohlrausch's Law, electrolysis and law of electrolysis elementary idea , dry cell-electrolytic cells and Galvanic cells, lead accumulator, EMF of a cell, standard electrode potential, Nernst equation and its application to chemical cells, Relation between Gibbs energy change and emf of a cell, fuel cells, corrosion.
Chapter 4 - Chemical Kinetics Rate of a reaction Average and instantaneous , factors affecting rate of reaction: Chapter 5 - Surface Chemistry Adsorption - physisorption and chemisorption, factors affecting adsorption of gases on solids, catalysis, homogenous and heterogeneous activity and selectivity; enzyme catalysis colloidal state distinction between true solutions, colloids and suspension; lyophilic, lyophobic multi-molecular and macromolecular colloids; properties of colloids; Tyndall effect, Brownian movement, electrophoresis, coagulation, emulsion - types of emulsions.
Chapter 10 - Haloalkanes and Haloarenes Haloalkanes: Chapter 11 - Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers Alcohols: Chapter 13 - Amines Amines: Nucleic Acids: Chapter 15 - Polymers Classification - natural and synthetic, methods of polymerization addition and condensation , copolymerization, some important polymers: They are placed in between s- block and p-block elements.
They show a regular transition from the highly electropositive metals of s- block elements to the less electropositive p-block elements.
So they are called transition elements.
Class 12 Chemistry Chapter 9. A salt that keeps its identity only in solid state is called a double salt. In solution they dissociate into component ions.
NH4 2SO4. Al2 SO4 3. The salt that keeps its identity both in solid and solution states is called a complex salt. Class 12 Chemistry Chapter These are compounds containing halogen atoms attached to an alkyl or aryl group.
These are compounds containing C — O single bond. The functional group present in Alcohols and phenols is — OH hydroxyl group and that present in ethers is —O — group oxy group.
In alcohols, the —OH group is bonded to an alkyl group. So the general formula of alcohols is R-OH. But in phenols, the —OH group is bonded to an aryl group.
So the general formula of phenols is Ar-OH. In aldehydes, the carbonyl group is bonded to a carbon and hydrogen while in ketones, it is bonded to two carbon atoms. The carbonyl compounds in which carbonyl group is bonded to oxygen are known as carboxylic acids, and their derivatives e. Amines are the derivatives of ammonia.
Like ammonia, the nitrogen atom in amines is also sp3 hybridised with an unpaired electron in one of the sp3 hybridised orbitals. So the shape of amines is also pyramidal.
The molecules present in living system like carbohydrates, proteins, nucleic acids, lipids, vitamins etc. Polymers are very large molecules having high molar mass and are formed by the combination of a large number of simple molecules called monomers. The process of formation of polymers from respective monomers is called polymerisation. Polymers are also called macromolecules.
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