Third edition, enhanced. Australia Cengage Learning,, , English, Book; Illustrated, 2. Nutritional sciences: from fundamentals to food / Michelle McGuire, . [PDF] Download Nutritional Sciences:: From Fundamentals to Food, FUNDAMENTALS TO FOOD, 3rd Enhanced Edition clearly explains the. Editorial Reviews. About the Author. Dr. Michelle "Shelley" McGuire teaches in the Department Nutritional Sciences: From Fundamentals to Food 3rd Edition, Kindle Edition. by.
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Page 1. Nutritional Sciences From Fundamentals to Food 3rd Edition Shelley Solutions Manual Full clear download(no error formatting) at. Nutritional Sciences from Fundamentals to Food, Enhanced Edition | 3rd Edition. Michelle 'Shelley' McGuire/Kathy A. Beerman. View as Instructor. Product cover. Download full Test Bank for Nutritional Sciences From Fundamentals to Food 3rd Edition by Shelley and Beerman pdf free
You are a sophomore in college and are calculating your EER. Your activity level has decreased significantly since your freshman year. Energy requirements for individuals are influenced by a. What is the term for the succession of federally supported recommendations designed to provide guidelines for dietary planning?
Dietary Guidelines b. Basic 4 c. Meal Planning a K How often are the Dietary Guidelines for Americans revised? Every year b. Every 3 years c. Every 5 years d. Every 10 years d K 48 The Dietary Guidelines for Americans emphasize four key concepts. Which of the following is not one of them? Reduce calories to maintain weight b.
Reduce certain food and food components c. Increase certain foods and nutrients d.
Build healthy eating patterns a K 50 They are: a. At breakfast Jane makes sure she gets as many nutrients as she can for every calorie she consumes.
You want to choose the most nutrient-dense food to improve your vitamin C intake. Which is the best choice? Orange juice b. Grapefruit juice c. Apple juice d. All are equal a A Which one of the following food items would have the highest nutrient density for calcium? Skim milk b. Whole milk a A Which one of the following food items is the most nutrient dense?
Fresh peaches b. Canned peaches in syrup c. Peach pie d. Peach preserves a K 52 Which one of the following food groups is a major source of B vitamins? Grains b. Vegetables c. Fruits d. Dairy products e K 50 The Dietary Guidelines recommend that individuals control their calorie intake by which of the following methods?
Increasing intake of whole grains b. Increasing consumption of fruits and vegetables c. Reducing intake of sugar-sweetened beverages d. Monitoring calorie intake from alcoholic beverages e. All of the above c K 52 If the results of a nutritional analysis revealed an inadequate intake of calcium, vitamin D, and protein, increased intakes of which one of the following food groups, by itself, could help correct this situation?
Protein foods c. Dairy d. Vegetables a K 53 The type of beverage most commonly consumed by U. How many Calories per day are typically supplied in the U. What icon appearing in the MyPlate graphic represents dairy products? Red wedge b. Blue circle c. Yellow circle d.
Green wedge c K MyPlate, a mealtime visual, illustrates daily intakes of the four food groups proportionately on the plate with dairy intake represented by the round glass or bowl on the upper right periphery of the plate. Which one of the following food groups should make up half your plate? Vegetables and Grains b. Meat and Grains c. Fruits and Vegetables d. Protein and Dairy b K 57 The U.
Department of Health and Human Services developed a set of overall health objectives for the nation. What is this document called? Dietary Guidelines for Americans b. Healthy People c. Healthy Nation d. How often are Healthy People documents published? Every 10 years a K 57 Many topics and goals formulated for Healthy People are consistent with recommendations put forth in: a. USDA b. FDA c. HHS d. Suppose you are a registered dietitian working for a food manufacturer.
By law the label that you are working on for a new product must include the: a. Which of the following nutrients is not required on the Nutrition Facts panel? Total fat b. Saturated fat c.
Sodium d. Potassium d A 60 Which of the following is not a kosher standard? Food made from pigs or rabbits can never be kosher. Only people who are trained and qualified are allowed to slaughter kosher animals. To be considered kosher, meat and dairy products cannot be prepared or served together on the same plate.
Whereas some shellfish can be kosher, fish are not.
What do researchers call the shift from undernutrition to overnutrition or unbalanced nutrition as a society becomes more industrialized? Infectious c. Infectious c K 27 The first step of the scientific method is to make an appropriate and accurate observation. The major nutrition issues in the U. Phytochemicals are essential nutrients. All nutrients primarily play a structural role in the body.
All compounds in food are nutrients. Nonessential nutrients do not need to be eaten to maintain health.
Epidemiologic studies investigate causal relationships. All nutritional scientists are dietitians. In your intervention study. Control groups in an intervention study do not receive the treatment or intervention. A health claim is probably reputable if it is published in a magazine published by a natural health food store.
Carbohydrates contain C. You are studying disease incidence and prevalence in America. Vitamins and minerals are organic chemicals.
F K 8. Lipids include a variety of fats and oils. All inorganic substances in the human body are called minerals. Group B received a placebo.
Why is it recommended that people meet their nutritional needs by eating a variety of foods rather than by taking several supplements? Answer key points: Scientists are still learning about the substances other than traditional macro.
For a given period of time. Supplements typically include primarily well-known nutrients and often provide these in mixtures and quantities that are inferior to the mixtures and quantities of nutrients one can get from eating a varied diet.
Although not considered nutrients. A chronic disease is an infectious illness that results in death. Why are nutrition researchers interested in phytochemicals. These substances in food may reduce the risk for developing certain diseases. Discussion 1. N plus sulfur Role in and selenium communications. They may improve health. O Fiber Vitamins x C.
What are the similarities and differences in structure and function among the six classes of nutrients? O Cell membranes. Each step has safeguards to protect against errors and the human tendency to overlook results that contradict expectations.
The time that raw meat is left at room temperature is associated with the likelihood of it spoiling. Why is the scientific method used to test theories? To provide a safeguard that conclusions are likely valid. What does the body use the energy from food for?
Cells in the body use energy from food to make adenosine triphosphate ATP. Through NHANES we are learning more about many factors—especially nutrition—that are important for fostering good health and long life in the U. Driving at excess speeds is correlated with the likelihood of having an accident. What are Calories and what nutrients provide them? Calories are the units used to measure the amount of energy in foods. Consuming excess energy causes weight gain.. Why do nutrition professionals sometimes change their recommendations for what people should do to optimize nutrition and health?
Relationships initially thought to be simple often turn out to be more complex. When two factors are correlated. The time spent watching TV is correlated with obesity in children. The Framingham study was important as an epidemiologic investigation. Was the study randomized to control for confounding variables?
Was the study double-blind to control for researcher and subject bias? Was the study placebo-controlled to control for the placebo and Hawthorne effects? What are some of the questions that should be asked before one accepts a finding as true? Was the study epidemiologic. In the s we did not know enough about diet and heart disease to formulate hypotheses and do intervention studies. What is the difference between things that are related by cause-and-effect versus things related by correlations?
Give examples of things related in each way. As more is leaned about interactions. What guidelines should consumers use to make sound decisions about nutrition claims?
Assess the source of the information. Thus scientists rely on epidemiologic studies.
Doing so would result in some subjects becoming ill and perhaps dying. Conducting intervention studies would require that scientists give contaminated foods to the research subjects.
Because of the risk of becoming ill. What are the major health-related nutrition issues in the U. Since To control for Hawthorne effect. How can scientific studies control for the Hawthorne effect. What are the similarities and differences and the advantages and limitations of epidemiologic studies. In vivo p. When a change in variable A is related to a change variable B.
In vitro p. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention p. Hawthorne effect p. When the scientist conducting a study influences its results. Download full file at https: Flag for inappropriate content. Related titles.
The Unwinding: An Inner History of the New America. Jump to Page. Search inside document. Thiamin mononitrate, soybean oil, sugar c K 5 2. Nutrients a K 6 4.
Juhi Neogi. Sachin Darji. Raidis Pangilinan. Jeferson Meira Dos Santos. En Chuker. Danielle Ann Alonsagay. Popular in Organic Chemical.
Chriscius Anthonius. Nisha Sundar. Ramadan, Hasanat Hohammed Farah Talib Al-sudani. Palak Agarwal. Gabriel Oliveira de Souza. Insoluble fiber, found in whole wheat flour , nuts and vegetables, especially stimulates peristalsis — the rhythmic muscular contractions of the intestines, which move digest along the digestive tract. Soluble fiber, found in oats, peas, beans, and many fruits, dissolves in water in the intestinal tract to produce a gel that slows the movement of food through the intestines.
This may help lower blood glucose levels because it can slow the absorption of sugar. Additionally, fiber, perhaps especially that from whole grains, is thought to possibly help lessen insulin spikes, and therefore reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes.
The link between increased fiber consumption and a decreased risk of colorectal cancer is still uncertain. Main article: Fat A molecule of dietary fat typically consists of several fatty acids containing long chains of carbon and hydrogen atoms , bonded to a glycerol.
They are typically found as triglycerides three fatty acids attached to one glycerol backbone. Fats may be classified as saturated or unsaturated depending on the detailed structure of the fatty acids involved. Saturated fats have all of the carbon atoms in their fatty acid chains bonded to hydrogen atoms, whereas unsaturated fats have some of these carbon atoms double-bonded , so their molecules have relatively fewer hydrogen atoms than a saturated fatty acid of the same length.
Unsaturated fats may be further classified as monounsaturated one double-bond or polyunsaturated many double-bonds. Furthermore, depending on the location of the double-bond in the fatty acid chain, unsaturated fatty acids are classified as omega-3 or omega-6 fatty acids. Trans fats are a type of unsaturated fat with trans-isomer bonds; these are rare in nature and in foods from natural sources; they are typically created in an industrial process called partial hydrogenation.
There are nine kilocalories in each gram of fat.
Fatty acids such as conjugated linoleic acid , catalpic acid, eleostearic acid and punicic acid , in addition to providing energy, represent potent immune modulatory molecules. Saturated fats typically from animal sources have been a staple in many world cultures for millennia. Unsaturated fats e. Saturated and some trans fats are typically solid at room temperature such as butter or lard , while unsaturated fats are typically liquids such as olive oil or flaxseed oil.
Trans fats are very rare in nature, and have been shown to be highly detrimental to human health, but have properties useful in the food processing industry, such as rancidity resistance. However, in humans, at least two fatty acids are essential and must be included in the diet.
An appropriate balance of essential fatty acids— omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids —seems also important for health, although definitive experimental demonstration has been elusive. Both of these "omega" long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids are substrates for a class of eicosanoids known as prostaglandins , which have roles throughout the human body.
They are hormones , in some respects. The omega-3 eicosapentaenoic acid EPA , which can be made in the human body from the omega-3 essential fatty acid alpha-linolenic acid ALA , or taken in through marine food sources, serves as a building block for series 3 prostaglandins e.