Top 13 Microsoft Exchange Interview Questions & Answers. last updated March In MS exchange , there are two roles Client Access Server and Mailbox Server. 4) Mention what is Download PDF · Facebook Twitter. Exchange Interview Questions and Answers - Download as Word Doc .doc /. docx), Download as DOCX, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd In Exchange server , we have one two server roles that is front end and back- end server. Exchange_Interview Questions With Answers - Download as PDF File .pdf), Text File Exchange server // Interview Questions With Answers.
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+ Exchange Server Interview Questions and Answers, Question1: What is Exchange Server ? Question2: What are the Exchange Server Still there are organizations that use this mail server. Development is going on. Below are the Microsoft Exchange Server interview questions and answers . Then we in Wisdomjobs have provided you with the complete set of Exchange Server Interview Question and Answers on our site page. Along with that we.
In addition, database portability reduces the overall recovery times for various failure scenarios. What is the purpose of DAC? When DAC mode isn't enabled and a failure occurs that affects multiple servers in the DAG, and then when a majority of the DAG members are restored after the failure, the DAG will restart and attempt to mount databases. In a multi-datacenter configuration, this behavior could cause split brain syndrome, a condition that occurs when all networks fail, and DAG members can't receive heartbeat signals from each other.
Split brain syndrome can also occur when network connectivity is severed between datacenters. Split brain syndrome is prevented by always requiring a majority of the DAG members and in the case of DAGs with an even number of members, the DAG's witness server to be available and interacting for the DAG to be operational.
When a majority of the members are communicating, the DAG is said to have quorum. How to check backup is completed successfully for the Exchange mailbox database. Site mailbox requires Exchange and Sharepoint which has the functionally of shared storage through an Exchange mailbox for email messages and a SharePoint site for documents, and a management interface that addresses provisioning.
What is the change on public folder in Exchange Server Public folder uses specially designed mailboxes to store both the public folder hierarchy and the content.
High availability for the public folder mailboxes is provided by a database availability group DAG. ACLs created several challenges in Exchange , such as modifying ACLs without causing unintended consequences, maintaining ACL modifications through upgrades, and troubleshooting problems that occurred due to using ACLs in a nonstandard way. Below roles you can manage. Organization Management. We can configure delete policy to delete the mail after certain period and Archive policies to move certain mails with the certain period to archive mailbox 6.
What are the Retention Policies in Exchange Server ? Move Policy automatically moves messages to the messages to the archive Mailbox with the options of 6 months, 1 year, 2 years, 5 years and never 2 years is default.
Move mailbox policies helps keep mailbox under quota. Delete Policy automatically deletes messages. Delete policies are global. Removes unwanted items 3. We can set policy priority: Explicit policies over default policies; longer policies apply over shorted policies 7. What is Multi Mailbox Search? This option delegated access to search to HR, compliance, legal manager. Administrator has to provide access permission on to use this feature, this will provide an option to search all mail items email, IM contacts, calendar across primary mailbox, archives.
What are E-Discovery features? Following are the E-Discovery features introduced in Exchange Server 1. Search specific Mailboxes or DLS 2. Request email alert when search completes 4.
Search results organized by per original hierarchy Lot more will be added in the original release 9. What is Legal Hold and what are the features in Legal Hold? New feature in Exchange Server to monitor or control a user from deleting a Mail or Mailbox, the features available in Legal Hold are 1. Copy edited and deleted item this option is in Exchange server to hold the auto deleted items 2. Set duration for auto delete indefinite or specify time period 3.
Auto alert notification sends alerts to users that they are on hold, eliminates manual process 4. What is journaling and what are the journaling features in Exchange Server ?
Journaling is an option to track mails from particular user or from a group of users.
The New Features in Journaling for Exchange server are 1. Journal report de duplication reduces duplication of journal reports. Exchange server creates one report per message What is journal decryption? Journal decryption is a new feature in Exchange Server , if a user sends an encrypted message to recipient and if journaling was enabled for that user, then the Hub transport Server decrypts the message and sends that decrypted message for journaling.
The intended recipient will receive the encrypted message What is Set Quota in Archive management? With Mailbox quota Management, we can assign mailbox size for a user. This option can be enabled from the properties of the user account, and the default settings to Mailbox quota is 10 GB 1. What is federated sharing?
Federated Sharing allows easy sharing of availability information, calendar, and contacts with recipients in external federated organizations 2. What are the options shared in federated sharing? Free busy information 2. Calendar and contact sharing 3.
Sharing policy 3. How federated sharing works in Exchange server ? Explain the operation of federation? What are the benefits of federation? Allow users to act on behalf of specific user Specific user identified by E-mail address User not prompted for credentials Reduces explicit trust management No AD trusts, service to cloud accounts to manage Minimizes certificate exchanges 6.
Explain the federation commands in Exchange server ? How to establish federated sharing in Exchange Server ? Create trust with certificate exchange 2. Prove domain ownership 8. What is Microsoft Federation Gateway? Exchange organizations wanting to use Federation establish a Federation Trust with MFG, allowing it to become a federation partner to the Exchange organization. The delegation tokens allow users from one federated organization to be trusted by another federated organization.
With MFG acting as the trust broker, organizations are not required to establish multiple individual trust relationships with other organizations. Users can access external resources using a single signon SSO experience 9. What is Federation Trust? The certificate is used for encrypting tokens What is Sharing Policy?
Sharing policies allow you to control how users in your organization can share calendar and contact information with users outside the organization. To provision recipients to use a particular sharing policy Prerequisites to create a Sharing Policy A federation trust has been created between your Exchange organization and Microsoft Federation Gateway, and the Federated Organization Identifier is configured. Explain the Mailbox Server in Exchange and its function?
The Mailbox Server role is the heart of your Exchange Server environment. In previous versions of Exchange Server, Outlook MAPI connections are connected directly to the Mailbox Server Role, but with Exchange Server this is no longer the case, the MAPI endpoint is moved to client access server role to reduce the load on mailbox server role The Mailbox Server Role does not route any messages, it only stores messages in mailboxes.
For routing messages, the Hub Transport Server role is needed. This latter role is responsible for routing all messages, even between mailboxes that are on the same server, and even between mailboxes that are in the same mailbox database. What are the core changes related to Mailbox Server role in Exchange ? MAPI end point where the exchange clients connect the mailbox server role to access the emails has been moved to client access server role Ability to move a mailbox while the end user is still accessing it Additional parameters added to allow users to create and manage their own distribution groups in Outlook Web App and Exchange Ability to send mail to recipients from the Exchange Management Console In Outlook and Outlook , Autodiscover automatically loads any mailbox for which a user has been granted full access permission SP1.
Users cant control or disable this behavior. Exchange includes many changes to its core architecture. Exchange uses an enhanced version of the same continuous replication technology introduced in Exchange Exchange combines the key availability and resilience features of CCR and SCR into single high availability solution which handles both onsite data replication and offsite data replication called Database Availabilty Group.
LCR its been completely removed and the CCR and SCR concpets are incorporated into a single term DAG Mailbox servers can be defined as part of a database availability group DAG to provide automatic recovery at the individual mailbox database level instead of at the server level.
Each mailbox database can have up to 16 copies. Inform some new features related with Mailbox Server in Exchange ? Below are few new features related to mailbox server role in exchange server Can you explain the changes related to mailbox server in Exchange SP1? Some of the changes introduced in exchange server sp1 related to mailbox server roles are You can now have a user's primary mailbox and archive mailbox on separate databases.
In Microsoft Office Outlook and Outlook , Autodiscover automatically maps to any mailbox for which a user has full access permissions. Importing and exporting mailbox data has been improved so that you can import or export.
When a mailbox move is completed, the mailbox on the source database is not deleted. Exchange SP1 now soft-deletes the mailbox on the source database, so you can recover the mailbox in the event of a Mailbox server failover or data loss. A new cmdlet has been added that you can use to modify the mailbox folder permissions. The Set-MailboxFolderPermission cmdlet updates folder-level permissions for all folders within a user's mailbox.
How the address book gets generated? What is the role of mailbox Server in address book generation? The specific mailbox server that produces the initial data depends on which server has been configured to generate the OAB. The OAB files generated on the mailbox server, still need to be distributed to the client machines, Since the client machines do not connect to the mailbox server to download the OAB when considering web-based distribution, clearly another process is involved which is performed by the Client Access Server role.
What is a move request and how it work? What are services involved in moved request? The whole approach to moving mailboxes in Exchange revolves around the feature known as move requests.
Moving mailboxes within the same forest is referred to as a local move request. Moving mailboxes across forests are referred to as remote move requests. Move requests are processed by two services: Microsoft Exchange Mailbox Replication Service: When you use the move request cmdlets to move mailboxes, MRS processes the move process.
As stated earlier, MRS resides on an Exchange Client Access server and is the service that moves mailboxes from the source database to the target database. In Exchange , the mailbox move is performed by the Move-Mailbox cmdlet. By using a service as the agent of the move, mailboxes can be moved while simultaneously remaining accessible to users. During the move, you can view, cancel, and manage the move request from any Exchange server in the organization.
MRS constantly checks for all move requests in its own Active Directory site. In addition, there's a sharing mechanism between all instances of MRS so that no two servers will attempt to perform the same move request.
MRS throttling is controlled by a configuration file. MRSProxy helps to facilitate cross-forest move requests and runs on the remote forest's Exchange Client Access server. However, MRSProxy is disabled by default.
You need to turn on the MRSProxy service on the remote forest. A DAG is the base component of the high availability and site resilience framework built into Exchange The database availability group DAG is a set of up to 16 Microsoft Exchange Server Mailbox servers that provide automatic database-level recovery from a database, server, or network failure.
Mailbox servers in a DAG monitor each other for failures. When a Mailbox server is added to a DAG, it works with the other servers in the DAG to provide automatic, database-level recovery from database, server, and network failures.
Explain how the DAG works? A DAG is designed to use the built-in continuous replication feature to replicate mailbox databases among servers in the DAG. Where we will have majority node configured. Example two or more Exchange Server configured as DAG and all of them will have their own information about the availability and active partner status apart from this we will have one more server which can be exchange server or any member server in which we will create one folder called as FSW File Share Witness and then we will set the appropriate permission.
How Active and Passive node role are decided in Exchange Server As you know that Exchange Server is no more the part of the cluster resource model where we need to setup the cluster resource for exchange. Instead of that Exchange Server has its own mechanism which will configure the cluster base HA by associating the exchange database with Windows Failover Clustering.
This new component is called as Active Manager. The Active Manager replaces the cluster resource model and fail-over management feature which was there in previous versions of Exchange Server. Active Manager will run on all member servers which are part of DAG. DAG consists of two types of manager: Primary Active Manager PAM This active manager will decide which server is going to hold the primary active database and will keep the track of rest of the passive server database.
It will also hold the specific exchange related clustered quorum information. Replication of the log shipping and seeding still uses the same technology which is called Continuous Replication however it runs at the database level. The DAG uses ports for replication by default, but you can change the port.
The basic arrangement for log shipping is simple: A transaction log file is generated on a source server and is pushed to the servers that contain database copies in Exchange It is the Microsoft Exchange Replication Service that is responsible for transferring data. What is Incremental Reseeding?
In Exchange Server whenever the existing log files of active node is out of sync from the passive node we need to delete the database on the passive node and then we need to start the replication process from the scratch which will increase the network bandwidth consumption and till the data gets completely replicated we are under risk. Now with the incremental reseeding function what going to happen is whenever the log files are out of sync the database will be compared with the active node and only the missing changes will be written on the passive node of the database.
Log File encryption and Compression- This is the new settings which are enabled by default in Exchange Server HA and the default setting is set for inter-subnet.
So the data replication between the servers is compressed and encrypted What are the advantages over the legacy High Availability Solution? Cost -One of the major key benefit is cost involvement has been reduced.
If we want to have HA in Exchange we need to have atleast 4 servers where we need to have two servers dedicated only to MBX server role, with exchange server you dont require any dedicate servers. Easy Deployment - We dont require having Windows Cluster setup, we just need to install failover cluster component in the OS, while configuring DAG, it will automatically create a cluster group where cluster task is being eliminated Incremental Deployment We can go for HA whenever we require it.
Let say we are having simple exchange setup, later we decided to have HA, all we have to do is bring another and configure DAG between the existing one and new one. No more requirement of moving the entire server databases to another node in the case of single database issue. One of the major improvement what we have in Exchange server is database has been moved from Server Level to Organization Level which means if we have single database issue only the single database will be taken over by the another node instead of entire database.
Backup less solution If we are going with Exchange Server HA then we are going to have copy of the same database on multiple servers which will reduce the burden of backing the database on daily basis but for this it is recommend to have atleast 3 copy of the same database. How the Calendar repair assistant component works in Exchange ? The interesting aspect about CRA is that, most of the time it runs without any administrator intervention.
This simplifies collaboration within an organization. In Exchange , the Calendar Repair Assistant was developed to work on the mailbox server side. CRA runs within the Exchange Mailbox Assistant service and detects and fixes any discrepancies using a special algorithm for comparing the organizer's and the attendee's items respectively.
CRA is configured to run by default on every mailbox but can also be disabled for specific user accounts. CRA can be configured to run on a specific time schedule. When CRA runs, it compares the organizer's calendar item to the attendee's calendar item by running consistency checks. Corrections are merged so as not to override item properties or data.
An E-mail describing what was fixed is then placed in the attendee's deleted items folder. Explain Exchange Search? What is difference between Exchange Search and Store Search? Exchange Search is different from full-text indexing available in Exchange Server Improvements were made to performance, content indexing, and search.
New items are indexed almost immediately after they're created or delivered to the mailbox, providing users with a fast, stable, and more reliable way of searching mailbox data. In Exchange and Exchange Server , content indexing is enabled by default on all mailbox databases, and there's no initial setup or configuration required. What is Single Item Recovery? What are the changes in Dumpster 2. Exchange Search allows you to quickly search text in messages through the use of pre-built indexes.
Exchange Store Search, however, is based on a sequential scan of all the messages in the search scope instead of using the pre-built indexes The following list describes some of the other differences between Exchange Search and Exchange store search: Exchange Search is faster than Exchange store search Exchange Search is based on words, phrases, and sentences.
Exchange store search is based on a stream of bytes. This means that Exchange Search will ignore punctuation and spaces, and is also not case sensitive, whereas Exchange store search will find only an exact match of all characters. Exchange Search searches within attachments types that are supported by the installed filters.
Exchange store search does not search within attachments. Exchange Search uses its full-text index to locate records. Exchange store search performs a serial scan of the entire folder. Exchange Search is not case sensitive. Exchange store search is case sensitive. Exchange Search can be used only for text searches. Exchange store search supports the full set of MAPI restrictions, which includes non-text property types such as date and time.
Explain the 3 folders in Dumpster 2. Deletions, Versions and Purges are the 3 folders in Dumpster 2. Versions - If either litigation hold or single item recovery is enabled, this subfolder contains the original and modified copies of the deleted items.