PDF | Few important features of this text book are; 1. It provides basic principles of physiology in a simple and easy language. 2. Well labeled. Animal physiology. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. Vol. 80A, No. 2, pp. , Pergam.,~n Press L~I, Printed in Great Britain /85 $ + BOOK . Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (89K), or click on a page image below.
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2 Department of Animal Physiology, Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Tr. A . .. 1Department of Animal Physiology, FBFS, SUA in Nitra. CHAPTER 1. Animals and Environments: Function on the Ecological Stage 3. The Importance of Physiology 4. Mechanism and Origin: Physiology's Two Central. Download ANIMAL PHYSIOLOGY Download free online book chm pdf.
Session 1 explains the concept of integrative physiology illustrated by research studies. Session 2 looks at physical properties of the external environment, and the physics of gas exchange. The effects of temperature and hypoxia at the molecular level are explored and provide important background for the later sessions.
The crucial importance of simple changes in behaviour for conserving energy and water is revealed in fascinating case studies.
For example the need for evaporative water loss for cooling in hot desert is reduced substantially in those species that rest in burrows during the day and emerge at night for foraging. Energy conservation by hibernation is used by some animals that undergo seasonal periods of low temperature and food shortage.
Published research studies on named species of fish, reptiles, birds and mammals are examined, and teach how understanding of molecular, cellular and physiological processes can be applied to data interpretation. The in-text questions and end of session questions provide valuable teaching resources for students' development and practice of data interpretation skills in the context of molecular biology, biochemistry and physiology.
Book 3 Size and action covers a wide range of topics, including growth and ageing, bone and muscle structure followed by examination of movement and locomotion in various animal species including reptiles, birds and mammals.
The roles of subcellular and cellular processes of growth of bone and muscle are controlled by hormones, and growth factors.
Muscle anatomy is explored at molecular, subcellular, cellular, tissue and gross levels, providing for an understanding of exercise physiology. The implications of allometry are examined in terms of gross anatomy, movement and energy expenditure, and the mathematical equations that apply to allometry are explored. The arrangement of muscles in the body is examined and linkedto their role in movement and locomotion, both generally and in named species.
There is much useful teaching material here including simple diagrams and end of session questions. There is scope for studying the topics in Book 3 in more detail by searching the literature for recent research papers on allometry, muscle biochemistry and physiology.
For example, recent research on myostatin is not covered in Book 3 and key papers in this area would complement the material on the hormonal control of muscle growth.
Recent papers can be used to write teaching materials as case studies that draw on the physiology taught in Book 3. Book 4 Animal performance continues with a major theme of Book 2 in that it examines locomotion in fish and birds. Streamlining of body shape and surface is important for energy conservation in both birds and fish. The swimming styles and speeds used by fish link to their musculature and their caudal fin aspect ratio.
In tuna, the organisation of red muscle vasculature as a retia mirabile ensures that this muscle retains the heat generated by respiration so raising the temperature and allowing high speed cruising for long periods.
The roles of different types of muscle fibres in specific swimming styles in fish are explored, providing important scientific background for students who wish to read recent papers in the scientific lieterature. Buoyancy is of crucial importance for conservation of energy and effective swimming and the physical and physiological mechanisms for achieving buoyancy are explored in named species. The physics of bird flight is explained in terms of forces acting on a bird in flight.
This volume, with 31 contributors, gives full details of the design and construction of oxygen sensors, the effects of electrolytes and hydrogen sulphide on the oxygen sensors, laboratory applications in microrespirometers, calorimeters, automated systems applied to whole animals, blood and mitochondria and field application in lakes, ponds and the sea.
There has been an increase in the commercial availability of inexpensive oxygen measuring systems but many people make measurements without fully understanding the problems of calibration, interference and measurement of artefacts.
Oxygen concentration per unit partial pressure is low in water and small concentration changes become apparent as large changes in pO 2 as signalled by the sensors. This makes the sensors times more sensitive to respiratory rates in water than in the same volume of air.
The basic physics of the oxygen electrode are fully described, together with the problems of diffusion of oxygen to the cathode, design of the electrode, and recent technological advances. This volume should be essential reading for those who use polarographic methods.
This is the first of a new series that is intended to continue and extend topics that have been discussed in Avian Biology. The subjects reviewed in the present volume are as follows: Comparative avian demography; Determination of clutch size in precocial birds; Structure and function of avian eggs; Origin of birds and of avian flight; the Great Plains hybrid zones; Species concepts and speciation analysis; Bird chromosomes; Genetic structure and avian systematics; Phylogeny and classification of birds based on the date of DNA-DNA hybridization; Experimental analysis of avian limb morphogenesis; Variation in mate fidelity in monogamous birds; Evolution of different bird migration.
The standard of the reviews is high and they will be useful to research students and researchers as well as those generally interested in problems of evolution.
Avian endocrinology. Environmental and ecological perspectives--edited by S. Distributed for Japan Scientific Societies Press. This volume contains a series of articles summarising the information and ideas on the endocrinology of birds. The main sections are: Anatomical and hormonal basis for avian endocrinological functions; Environmental manipulations of endocrine function; Ecological aspects of avian endocrinology.
The major developments that have taken place are the elucidation of the role of neurotensin, somatostatin, VIP, FSH, secretin, GRP, glucagon, insulin, C peptide, pancreatic polypeptide PP in the fowl and quail; More detailed analysis of the function of the pancreas, ovary adenohypophysis and pineal; Study of photo-refractoriness.
In many ways the developments that have taken place in mammalian endocrinology are reflected in the advances in avian endocrinology. The volume is well produced and illustrated and provides a very useful summary of present knowledge of bird endocrinology.
This volume is designed as a text book for students in behavioural pharmacology, neurosciences, psychology, medicine and nursing. The main chapters are as follows: Principles of pharmacology; Behavioural pharmacology; Cytology of nerve cells; Neurophysiological mechanisms; Synaptic function; Acetylcholine; Catecholamines; Serotonin; Amino acids; Peptides; Anxiolytic drugs; Pharmacological treatment of schizophrenia; Opiates.
Each chapter deals in detail with the subject so that for example, the chapter on serotonin has subheadings: Synthesis; Receptors; Autoreceptors; Reuptake; Pineal; Circadian rhythms: Melatonin; Inhibitors of serotonin syn-