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The Stages of Psychosocial Development According to Erik H. Erikson - Kindle edition by Stephanie Kindle Store; ›; Kindle eBooks; ›; Health, Fitness & Dieting . Erik H. Erikson and Intimacy vs. Isolation (Psychosocial Stages of Development) eBook: L. P. Middler: Kindle Store. Editorial Reviews. Review. "A rare and living combination of European and American thought Kindle Store; ›; Kindle eBooks; ›; Health, Fitness & Dieting.

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Erik Erikson Ebook

Erik H. Erikson's remarkable insights into the relationship of life history and history began with observations on a central stage of life: identity. Read "The Life Cycle Completed (Extended Version)" by Erik H. Erikson available from Rakuten Kobo. Sign up today and get $5 off your first download. Read "Erik H. Erikson Explorer of Identity and the Life Cycle" by Richard Stevens available from Rakuten Kobo. Sign up today and get $5 off your first download.

Stages of Psychosocial Development 2. Stagnation 2. Despair and Disgust 3. Epigenetic Diagram of a System of Stages 3. Literature 1. Introduction Erik H. Erikson — is without a doubt one of the most outstanding psychoanalysts of the last century. On each level, it is required to solve the relevant crisis, embodied by the integration of opposite poles presenting the development tasks, the successful handling of which is in turn of importance for the following phases.

It puts it into an understandable point of view. Would recommend it for anyone takin classes teaching his work. Highly recommended. Good to read, quite resourceful.

Enjoy reading it. I was expecting a detailed book by Erikson with included comments by the listed author. However it is only a few pages long!

A waste of money. I needed this book to write my paper about Erik Erikson. It was very helpful and informative.

"erik erikson"

Thanks glad it is on the kindle. Hope this book would help me. I am exactly on this stage. I think this book would help me.!!!! I want to improve myself so I read this book. Kindle Edition. Nothing to add besides what you can read from the original one.

While very informative, I believe the book was far too short for the price. It is more of a quick reference guide. See all 8 reviews. site Giveaway allows you to run promotional giveaways in order to create buzz, reward your audience, and attract new followers and customers.

Learn more about site Giveaway. This item: Set up a giveaway. Customers who bought this item also bought. Page 1 of 1 Start over Page 1 of 1. Identity and the Life Cycle. A Review. Erikson and Basic Trust vs. Basic Mistrust Psychosocial Stages of Development.

Childhood and Society.

A Theory of Human Motivation. Customers who viewed this item also viewed. Before You Wake: Life Lessons from a Father to His Children. Erick Erickson. The third development is dependent on the environment, as evidently the mother seems to turn away from the child and to focus on other activities.

The child can possibly interpret this turning away as a withdrawal of motherly love. If basic trust was built, there is a predominantly optimistic attitude towards other people.

Erikson's Stages of Development - Learning Theories

If this basic trust is lacking, there is the risk of developing a general basic mistrust, not just towards the world, but also towards oneself. A severely damaged basic trust, or one that is not formed in the first place, can lead to psychic disorders like depression. The positive experiences, such as feelings of security, warmth, dependability, attentiveness, and devotion should outweigh negative experiences and frustration, such as having to wait for the satisfaction of needs, disappointment, solitude, disregard, or physical pain.

Naturally, frustration cannot be avoided completely in childhood. According to Erikson it is important, however, that not only positive experiences predominate in order to develop a sense of trust, but that the sum of trust that a child takes away from these early experiences does not absolutely depend on the quantity, but rather the quality of the mother-child-relationship.

So this is the beginning — the coming together of an infant, a pair of parents, and a society, in an act of faith and trust. The child is offered two modalities: holding on and letting go. Moreover, he is able to control bowel and bladder movement on his own. A particular, however not exclusive role is hereby given to the excretory organs; not without a reason, psychoanalysis has termed this stage the anal phase Freud.

The ability to control the bodily excretory function means wellbeing for the child, so Erikson. Moreover, control means, at least in Western cultures, praise from the part of reference persons, which "at first must make up for quite frequent discomfort and tension suffered as the bowels learn to do their daily work. For the child, controlling the bowel movement is a significant step towards autonomy.

By not having to be changed anymore, the child gets more independent from the parents. This strengthens self-confidence, which is supported by acknowledgement given by the parents at the same time. Erikson calls this entire life stage a "battle for autonomy"[13].

The child begins to compartmentalize his world in "I", "you" and "my"[14].

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Erikson includes the seemingly contradictory tendencies, like snuggling and pushing away, picking up and dropping, being obedient and being rebellious under the formula of "retentive-eliminative modes"[15]. The special emphasis that in this phase is put on autonomy, however, also makes clear what the child is not able to do yet.

Shame and doubt come up, when aspired goals cannot reached yet and the child has the feeling of being made fun of; this can happen, when for example the process of toilet training is done too strictly or too early. This feeling is being reinforced, when parents prove to be unreliable.


In this stage, a balance has to be found between autonomy and dependency. He will be proud to be an autonomous person; he will also grant others autonomy; and every now and then he will let something slip for himself.

Erikson describes shame as " … essentially rage turned against the self. Therefore it is particularly important, that parenting offers sufficient support for the child and his now awakening thirst for action. Through the approval of his actions and the reaction of reference persons, the child experiences self-confidence and is being reassured and satisfied in his curiosity, his thirst for knowledge and investigation and is thus learning to know and to recognize what he wants.

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