therefore planning a second volume relating our extensive research results in this area to our Vedic source material.” Human Devolution: a vedic alternative to . There is much to be recommended in this book by Michael Cremo, and yet it belongs to its own genre. This makes it a little problematic. Many criticisms of. But the Vedic literature gives us another account of human origins. I call this account human devolution. To put it in its most simple terms, we do.
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supposed to replace. If you will indulge my pen- chant for caricature, here is my summary of their master narrative: Who is to blame for the percep- tion of conflict . Human Devolution: A Vedic Alternative to Darwin's Theory. Home · Human Devolution and Power in the United Kingdom (The Devolution Series) · Read more. Human Devolution - [Free] Human Devolution [PDF] [EPUB] Human Devolution Joan d'Arc. Interviews Michael Cremo In their , page.
However, harnessing the full potential benefits of this increased autonomy requires targeted interventions to clarify the roles and responsibilities of different actors at all levels of the new system, and to build capacity of the counties to undertake certain specific HRH and EMMS management tasks. Capacity considerations should always be central when designing health sector decentralisation policies.
Keywords: Decentralisation, Devolution, Governance, Health workforce management, Commodities management Background Decentralisation is argued to promote community participation and accountability, and enhance technical efficiency and equity in the management of public resources.
Within the health sector, decentralisation has been a recurring theme in health system reforms for several decades [ 1 , 2 ]. The implementation of decentralisation polices within the health sector has adopted a wide range of modes and forms, determined by the nature and structure of the sub-national level entity to which responsibility is transferred.
In practice decentralization involves shifting power and authority over the management of public resources from national to sub-national levels of government. This makes it a highly political reform, though its political nature and context are rarely analyzed in empirical studies [ 1 , 4 , 7 , 8 ]. Considering that the two attract a substantial amount of total health system funding, they often generate contention during the design and implementation of health sector decentralization policies [ 2 , 9 ].
However, even with the acknowledgement of the central role of HRH and EMMS, decentralization policy formation and debate mainly focuses on financial resource allocation, financial management and reporting, with HRH and EMMS management plans rarely featuring [ 2 , 10 ]. On HRH management, several studies reported decentralization being associated with better attraction and retention of lower cadre staff, but poor attraction of specialized health workers [ 11 — 15 ].
In Tanzania for example, after undertaking decentralization for all HRH management functions to the district level, rural districts were unable to attract and retain highly skilled staff such as medical specialists, leading the country to re-centralize some of the HRH management functions [ 12 , 16 ].
Some studies suggested that certain HRH management functions, including recruitment and distribution of highly specialized health workers, in-service training, and management of staff salaries, are best managed centrally [ 11 — 13 , 17 ]; while other functions like staff appraisals, promotions, recruitment and deployment of lower cadre health workers are best handled in decentralized units [ 12 , 14 ].
Another commonly reported HRH management problem linked with decentralization has been frequent delays and disruptions in payments of staff salaries; and challenges in managing in-service training and other career progression initiatives [ 12 , 14 , 18 ].
In addition, several studies identified challenges in the management of the responsibility transfer process from central level to decentralized units, in the early stages of decentralization.
This has often been associated with confusion, fear and anxiety on the part of health workers. In many instances, these HRH management challenges have resulted in low staff morale, industrial action like strikes and mass resignations [ 12 , 13 ].
Actions Shares. Embeds 0 No embeds. No notes for slide. Human Devolution 2. Forbidden archeology 3. Did we come from monkeys?
But many disagree Intelligent design Phillip E. Johnson, Michael J. Behe, Nancy Pearcey, Stephen C. Meyer Michael Denton, William A.
Dembski, Jonathan Wells, 6. A very influential critic of Darwin is… 7. Human Devolution chapter by chapter For them, belief in such worldviews is no longer taboo. Chapter 3 — Plant evolution?!?
The modern idea of evolution is based on genetics Although the origin of life from chemicals is technically not part of the evolution theory, it has in practice become inseparably connected with it. Darwinists routinely assert that life arose from chemicals. But after decades of theorizing and experimenting, they are unable to say exactly which chemicals combined in exactly which way to form exactly which first living thing. As far as evolution itself is concerned, it has not been demonstrated in any truly scientific way.
It remains an article of faith. They say that changes in the genotype result in changes in the phenotype, and by natural selection the changes in phenotype conferring better fitness in a particular environment accumulate in organisms.
Evolutionists claim that this process can account for the appearance of new structural features in organisms.
But on the level of microbiology, these structures appear to be irreducibly complex. Scientists have not been able to specify exactly how they have come about in step by step fashion. They have not been able to tell us exactly what genetic changes resulted in what phenotypic changes to produce particular complex features of organisms. There were zero papers discussing detailed models for intermediates in the development of complex biomolecular structures.
This is not a peculiarity of JME. No papers are to be found that discuss detailed models for intermediates in the development of complex biomolecular structures, whether in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Science , Nature, Science , the Journal of Molecular Biology or, to my knowledge, any science journal. Today, most of them accept the Darwinian account that humans like us came into existence about , years ago, having evolved from more apelike ancestors.
But the Vedic literature gives us another account of human origins. I call this account human devolution. To put it in its most simple terms, we do not evolve up from matter but devolve, or come down, from spirit.
In this article, I want to show how this Vedic concept of human devolution can be presented to those who are not very familiar with the Vedic literature. The human devolution process, the process by which conscious selves enter human bodies on earth, has been going on for a very long time.
According to the Puranas, or histories, humans like us have existed on earth for vast periods of cyclical time. The basic unit of this cyclical time is the day of Brahma, which lasts for 4. The day of Brahma is followed by a night of Brahma, which also lasts for 4. The days follow the nights endlessly in succession. During the days of Brahma, life, including human life, is manifest, and during the nights it is not manifest.
According to the Puranic cosmological calendar, the current day of Brahma began about 2 billion years ago.
One of the forefathers of humankind, Svayambhuva Manu ruled during that time, and the Bhagavata Purana Shrimad Bhagavatam 6. In our book Forbidden Archeology, my coauthor Richard L. Thompson Sadaputa Dasa and I documented extensive evidence, in the form of human skeletons, human footprints, and human artifacts, showing that humans like ourselves have inhabited the earth for hundreds of millions of years, just as the Puranas tell us.
This evidence is not very well known because of a process of knowledge filtration that operates in the scientific world. Evidence that contradicts the Darwinian theory of human evolution is set aside, ignored, and eventually forgotten. Although this evidence for extreme human antiquity contradicts the current Darwinian theory of human evolution, it does not tell us anything about the actual origin of human beings.
These discoveries simply tell us that we need a new explanation for human origins. But that is also important. Why offer a new explanation, unless one is really required?
In my new book Human Devolution, I set forth such a new explanation, an explanation based on information found in the Puranas. This assumption limits the kinds of explanations that can be offered for human origins. I propose that it is more reasonable, based on available scientific evidence, to start with the assumption that a human being is composed of three separately existing substances: matter, mind, and consciousness or spirit. This assumption widens the circle of possible explanations.
Any scientific chain of reasoning begins with some initial assumptions that are not rigorously proved. Otherwise, one would get caught in an endless regression of proofs of assumptions, and proofs of proofs of assumptions.
Initial assumptions must simply be reasonable on the basis of available evidence.
And it is reasonable, on the basis of available evidence, to posit the existence of mind and consciousness, in addition to ordinary matter, as separate elements composing the human being. For the purpose of scientific discussion, I define mind as a subtle material substance associated with the human organism and capable of acting on ordinary matter in ways we cannot explain by our current laws of physics.
For example, every physics student learns about the work of Pierre and Marie Curie, the husband and wife team who both received Nobel Prizes for their work in discovering radium. The account is found in practically every introductory physics textbook.