You should practice on real tests because: First, these extracted from IELTS bank source; therefore, you are in all probability to take these tests. IELTS aracer.mobi, - p. - Authors: Unknown. IELTS Listening Recent Actual Tests Volume 3 includes 6 IELTS listening tests with answer key and. The Listening test takes around 30 minutes. Each Listening test includes four sections with 40 questions. The Listening test is recorded on a CD.
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ｴｲｩＱｾ｣ｯｭ＠ List of Listening Tests and their Test Dates 0 aracer.mobi aracer.mobi 0 aracer.mobi IELTS Listening Recent Actual. Each practice test contains 4 modules IELTS Listening, Reading, Writing. IELTS Recent Actual Test With Answers was published on Wed. Discover ideas about Ielts Listening. IELTS Listening Recent Actual Tests include all IELTS listening tests which were in the real IELTS examinations from
Like we say, the only thing we break are speed records getting you moved. Oh, I nearly forgot to tell you. I don't want my furniture shipped with me. I won't be look- ing for an apartment till after I arrive in America. Would it be possible to put my furniture in storage here for a month, Q6 then have it sent along later?
Of course, we do that all the time. A couple of other things. Here at "A Moving Experience", we try to pack your things logically.
We don't just throw stuff in boxes. Do you have any special requests? You know, things you want packed in some special place, so you know where to find them? Like what? Oh, I don't know Things like dishes maybe. Not to be rude, but you look like a lady who likes to eat. Yes, I need my dishes and things where I can find them quickly.
We'll put those dishes and cutlery in what we call Q7 the emergency pack. Can you think of anything else? Ummm, I do have an antigue tea kettle my great-grand- mother gave my mother. I wouldn't want to lose that. So I guess you'd better EUt that in storage with the furniture. Grandma's tea kettle with the furniture, got it! Say, how about things like your alarm clock? You don't want to miss your plane on the big day, right?
Well, you certainly think of everything! Yes, that's right. I'll also need my alarm clock where I can find it. Fine, we'll EUt that in your Eersonal Eackage.
And of course, Q9 we'll give you a list of where we pack everything. So, all you'll have to do on Thursday, the 14th is grab your luggage on your way out the door. Um, I couldn't help noticing the new CD player you're carrying.
Is that a Samsung? Yes, it is.
One of their best. Cost me nearly a hundred dollars, it did! Do you want to take special care of it? I mean it's brand new.
Take care of it, but nothing special. That looks like everything we need here. I guess you're all set. That was certainly quick. Thank you, young man. This has been a most moving experience! I hope you all had a good trip. Before we get underway with today's programme, let me fill you in as to what's on tap for tomorrow, Sunday, February 19th. Professor Smith, QI I from the University of Melbourne, is a world-class expert in the field QI 2 of computer-assisted education, and his talk promises to be both stimulating and informative.
Immediately afterwards, at That, however, will take place in the Garden Room on the ground floor. If you don't yet know, the Garden Room is also called the Ballroom, and we'll be gathering at the west end, the slightly raised area called Level 2.
Just look for the crowd. If you get lost, there are signs in the foyer. After all that thinking, talking, and listening, I expect everyone will be a bit weary. So at These will be available at the aptly named Refreshment Stand, placed by the door back here in the Main Hall. Also, if you choose to skip the formal lunch, you can download a packed lunch at the stand for a reasonable price. I strongly urge you, however, to join us at the formal lunch. That won't be till one o'clock sharp, so you have time to stroll about town a bit.
We'll be eating at the Sea View Restaurant. The restaurant is located right here in the hotel, on the top floor. It's a good dozen flights of Q 13 stairs, so I suggest you take the lift on the ground floor, eh? If you're QI 4 not fond of fish, there is an all-you-can-eat barbecue available as well.
They even offer wallaby meat! After lunch, we'll troop back downstairs to Level 2 in the Ballroom for the presentation of further papers, which will begin at 2: Please try to be on time. I know you'll be a bit tired after lunch, but the Ballroom echoes so with people coming in late.
Thank you in advance. No need to walk. The manager of the refreshment stand has graciously agreed to have tea served in the Ballroom. He's even prom- ised us some special scones, baked from a recipe of his dear old Scot- tish grandmother. Then, tea being drunk and scones munched, we'll retire here to the Main Hall for some closing remarks and questions.
So, by 5: But the fun isn't over! This is Australia mates! We'll be flocking to the hotel's own Palm Lounge Q 16 on the east side of the foyer for an informal reception.
You can relax, mingle with the other delegates, and let your hair down a bit. This will run from 5: And, yes, tickets can be downloadd from any conference organiser or Q 17 at the front desk anytime between now and the start of the reception. That way, you can also get your journey planned ahead of time and be sure not to miss this truly memorable conference.
If you want cocktails, however, I'm sorry. You'll have to pay for those at the regular price. Oh my goodness! Speaking of paying, I see I forgot to tell you a couple of things.
The first is about lunch. That's fifteen dollars each, not total for everyone! Another item is about the lunch menu. I very much urge you to try the fish. I mean, look at the restaurant's name: Sea View. As the name suggests, it is Q 19 a famous seafood restaurant. The chef is a Basque from Spain, and he really gets quite put out when people ignore his fish specialties for burgers or barbecue.
If fish isn't your thing though, try the steak - he makes an exquisite Filet mignon topped with bleu cheese and mushrooms. I should have mentioned that earlier, but I am a bit forgetful. Maybe I should avoid the beer after the conference, eh? Well, I've said my bit.
Are there any questions? Yes, I am. And who might you be? Sorry, my name is Tina. I'm a freshman here. They told me I should ask you for advice in choosing courses. Well, that's part of what I'm here for. Please come in and sit down. Now, what are your questions? I, I almost don't know! Everything is so confusing! Like what is a "specialised course"? Oh, easy. A sEecialised course is one that is comEulsory, Q 21 meaning it's a reguirement for your major and regular, so you can't Elace out by taking a Eroficiency exam.
That sounds pretty strict. Then what are all these gen- eral courses? I seem to have to take so many. Nothing to be alarmed over.
These are courses open to all students and not directly related to your major. The university offers these general courses to choose so that you can become more well-rounded individuals. For ex- ample, I see you're a Microbiology major.
So it might be a good idea to take some literature or history courses so that you can know something besides all science. You mean these courses are, like, for fun? That might be one way to look at it, but don't tell the lit- erature professor such a thing. Think of a general course as the opposite of a specified course. A specified course is one that pertains directly to your major. So can I take any Microbiology course I want?
Let's see. Oh, those courses used to be open to Micro- biology students only. The good thing is, now it's OEen Q 22 to students on a flexible schedule, so it's not only for full-time students. So the answer is yes, if you have the instructor's permission. May I ask you why you chose Microbiology? Well, I also like plain old Biology, too.
You know, full- sized animals. I might even become a veterinarian. Could I take some Biology classes? Well, they are open to full-time students only, which I be- Q 23 lieve is what you are.
I don't know how a freshman would get along with Microbiology, though. I mean, most of the Q24 students presently looking into it are from off-campus. Yes, you know, people who use it in their work at hos- pitals, laboratories, even a police detective. Why did you choose Microbiology, ifl may ask? I don't think you quite answered that. Well, eventually I want to be a doctor. At least my dad tells me so. If I may say so, young lady, you seem a little uncertain. Still, I think that might be a good idea for a career.
Of course, if you're thinking about being either a doctor or a vet, you should take some Medical Science classes before you even think of applying to med school.
What should I take? There is one small problem. The new Medical Sciences Q 25 building is under construction, so there are no experi- mental facilities available until next year. I'm afraid you'll have to wait. But don't forget to take those courses at the first opportunity!
Oh, bummer. Is there any other course you'd recommend for someone like me? Well, since you seem to like animals, have you ever thought about looking into Environmental Science? No, I never really thought about it before. Is it worthwhile? In fact, it's the fastest growing subject on this campus.
I'm sorry, I couldn't help noticing the long list of classes you've written out there. May I have a look?
Oh, sure. My, my, a bit of everything here. Is it too much? For your first semester, yes. What I suggest is starting out by taking the compulsory courses.
Like we said be- fore, the Medical Science can wait. Consider taking that in your sophomore year. I think I'd put off Computing, too. I recommend to all freshmen that I talk to to get the Q27 compulsory Mathematics out of the way as early as pos- sible, so take that one. It'll be one less difficult course you have to focus on when the science lab opens next year, and you have to catch up on classes like Laboratory Techniques. Your major also requires Statistics so you Q28 Q29 have to balance two Maths classes, and no doubt you should take that.
Otherwise, get your required Medicine course out of the way by taking something theory-based. Oh, of course and your Environmental Science class if you're interested. The others can wait, though I think Computing is definitely a good idea, even though it's not required. I see too, on your paper there, you seem to have had high marks on the entrance exam.
Uhhh, yeah. I guess so. Don't be shy! Have you thought about applying for a scholarship? Do they have any? I mean, my dad is always complain- ing about how much money it costs him. In your department, there are actually three full scholar- ships available.
Please, Miss. The money is intended more as a textbook Q 30 allowance, not party money. If you promise to behave, I'll show you how to apply. Great, and thanks! Now, a great many factors influence the choice of building ma- terials. You can't make a house of cards, right? And "people who live in glass houses Anyhow, today I'd like to say a few words about flooring. Some artificial materials can be used, like plastic for instance, which Q 31 offer mixed blessings when used as a flooring surface.
On the one hand, plastic is cheaper than nearly any other alternative, short of bare ground. Plastic also does not warp like wood. On the other hand, the best that can be said about plastic is that it "looks like" wood or stone.
However, it cannot replace the real materials. As I have men- tioned, I'm fixing up a new house. The decorator my wife hired told me, "Plastic does a great job of looking exactly like plastic. So, if you're fitting out a sleazy hotel or plan to live in a trailer park, go with the plastic. Really, though, for all intents and purposes, this leaves us with wood or stone as choices for flooring. Stone and wood are alike in at least one respect: Since few of us cut our own lumber or quarry our own stone, this is not perhaps a pressing con- cern.
Still, do-it-yourselfers would do well to remember to download only Q 33 properly seasoned wood. Unseasoned wood warps and a warped floor quickly becomes firewood and its owner quickly becomes poorer.
Likewise, except for dull-hued materials like slate or sandstone, most Q 34 stone floors are polished before installation. The choice goes well be- yond just wood or stone - each type requires many further consider- ations. A few special remarks are called for when considering wood, for example.
As always, aesthetics, personal taste, and layout all play Q 35 roles as well as the type of house or room. Oh, and certainly don't forget the cost. When it comes to cost, a rule of thumb is that the softer and less exotic the wood, the lower the cost.
In the US, for instance, pine is both ubiquitous and cheap. Mahogany is imported and exorbitantly expensive. If you're on any kind of budget when remodeling, it's really helpful to remember to go for the softer woods. Continuing with the example of wood, one must consider the effects of each type of wood on the mood of the room. When selecting the best wood to use, par- Q 36 ticular attention needs to be paid to its grain patterns, texture, and '. In rooms where relaxation or deep thought is the aim - say bedrooms or the study - dark, strong grained woods are the rule.
Here the grain ought to match the furniture for a feeling of homo- geneity. In rooms where activity and motion are typical - the dining room or living room - lighter, finer-grained lumber is more suitable. In such a setting, the wood grain might be useful in offering a contrast to the furniture.
This leads to a feel of subconscious excitement, in keeping with the room's function. In either case, though, consult a decorator. It is a decorator's job to know what materials to use to fit the function of the room. Though some things about putting together a room are subjective and based on one's individual taste, materials appropriate to a room's function are much more straightforward. A decorator takes the needs of the Q 37 customer and uses a mathematical formula, rather than subjective words.
Since feelings vary from person to person, verbal descriptions of wood types tend to be ambiguous. You want the wood you select, not something approximate! And if you do decide to do it yourself, remember that all wood must be treated with preservatives to en- hance its appearance and preserve its natural beauty. In the case of stone, or "quarry tile" as flat-cut flooring stone is prop- erly called, a new set of considerations must be weighed up.
Simple colour aside, the degree of reflection must be kept in mind. This is called the "reflectance rate", which is expressed in a number between 0. At one end of the scale is polished silver. At a rating of 1. Numbers closer to zero describe materials that absorb more light.
Moving down the scale a bit, we see the plastic that has been painted white has a rate Q 38 of 0. We know that the colour white reflects all www. Materials that are denser and darker have reflectance rates much closer to zero. The quarry tile I mentioned a while ago has a rate of Q 39 0. As you may know, quarry tile is generally dark brown and made from clay so it is quite dense.
Of course, there is considerable vari- ation among types of quarry tile because of the hue or treatment of the clay during its creation. Does anyone have any guesses as to what materials may have a rate of almost 0. We can guess most of these materials are black in colour, but plastic, wood, and even stone reflect some light. One material Q 40 with a rate of almost 0.
The texture produces almost no shine at all. Carrara marble, despite its white hue, is actually lower in reflectivity than black onyx! In any case, the fact that tiles vary somewhat should not be forgotten. A highly reflective floor would not be suitable in a library; it would be indispensable in a ballroom should your home be large enough to feature one. Again, a rule of thumb is that "light means lively". Since form and material follow function, one should only use the more reflective materials in rooms where the cultivation and expression of energy is important.
Bear in mind too that most types of stone cost more than all but the rarest of woods. Of course, there is no reason why some rooms of a house should not feature wood floors or other stone tiles. You can even mix the two. A room with wood panels on the walls can have a beautiful stone floor. My bedroom has white birch walls and a light blue slate floor. The place looks like a Russian hunting lodge. Remember, though, go with what feels right for you.
Good taste and the "laws" of interior design are the homeowner's servants, not his master. It's only beautiful when you decide it is. I mean, you're the one who lives there, not the decorator, right? OK, are there any questions? Good morning. I've been looking at your holidays to Aus- tralia in your brochure. I'm thinking of going during the Example second half of next month.
As you can see from our brochure, we offer a wide variety of packages to various destinations in Aus- tralia. Is there anything in particular that interests you? Yes, my husband and I are very interested in the holidays in the Outback. These holidays are becoming increasingly popular. Would you like to arrange flights and accommodation with us, or just accommodation?
Can you arrange flights from Sydney? OK, flights and accommodation then. You said that you wanted to travel next month. Which date would you prefer? I should point out that there are no daily flights available, so if you have a flexible itinerary, that's better. Well, we arrive in Sydney on the 1Sth of April and we were Q2 thinking of travelling to the Outback on the 18th of August, er I mean April.
There's only one flight from Sydney to Alice Springs on the 18th, so I'll book you on that. It leaves at 10 in the morning, which is quite convenient. Shall I book two seats for you?
Yes, please. As for your stay in the Outback, you can see from the bro- chure that we offer three packages - budget, standard, and luxury. The budget package is about Australian dollars. The standard package is about and the luxury www. Which one would you prefer? Well, we can't decide between the budget and standard options. Ah, well, actually, just looking at my computer here, on the date that you want to fly into Alice Springs, there is no standard accommodation available.
It's fully booked, I'm afraid. That's OK. We think that the cheapest one should be Q3 fine for us. We don't mind roughing it for a few days and we don't expect to be spending much time at the accom- modation. We prefer the outdoors. Let's look at the room options. First of all, would you prefer a non-smoking room?
Neither of us smokes. Oh, before I forget, could you book everything in my husband's name, please? Yes, of course. Are you paying by credit card? In that case, I'll need your husband's name exactly as it appears on the card.
Of course. It's John A. That's Smyth with a "Y". Is that correct? Thank you. I'll just check the price. The room will cost dollars a night plus 10 dollars tax, so dollars per Q6 night in total. Is that OK? Yes, that's fine.
Book us for three nights, please. Most of the guests like to participate in some special ac- tivities and trips while they are staying in the Outback. Is there anything that interests you and your husband? Yes, there are several things we'd like to see and do. We'd definitely like to visit the Cultural Centre. Yes, that's very popular. It's within walking distance of the accommodation and it's free. It's also a great place to pick up souvenirs of your trip. We were thinking about visiting one of the nearby farms.
There are two farms nearby - a sheep farm and a kanga- roo farm. There is also an opportunity to ride camels in the desert. Have you ridden a camel before? No, but it sounds like fun. Could you give me some more details about the kangaroo farm and the camel ride? The kangaroo farm includes information on how the animals are raised whilst the camel ride provides information on desert flora and fauna.
Which would you prefer? You can arrange to see the kangaroos in the wild if you like, rather than on a farm. That sounds perfect. OK, we'll go on the camel ride and Q8 see the kangaroos in their natural habitat.
I'll arrange that for you. I forgot to mention that the journey also includes a stop at a place of aboriginal art- work. It's a place well-known for its stone carvings of animals and mythical creatures.
That sounds great! Are the carvings in the desert? Well, that's perfect then. I'm sure you'll have a lovely trip, but remember that you need take care in the sun. We're really looking forward to our trip. We really want to try to experience the Dreamtime under the stars.
That's what a trip to the Outback is really all about. Now, how about the cost All applicants must meet the following requirements. First of all, applicants must be over 18 years of age. The company Q11 apologises, but there can be no exceptions to this rule. Second, per- sons interested in these positions may not have police records.
Minor Q 12 traffic offences like a parking ticket are, of course, no problem. But, and I quote, "past and present drug users and sex offenders" need not apply. The employer will, of course, check with the police to verify your clean record. In addition, applicants must supply references from past or present Q 13 employers or teachers along with their recent CV.
Remember, these are references from employers or teachers. A note from your dear old Mum won't do. Worldwide Helpers assures me that they will contact these references to confirm they are genuine. Although all positions are volunteer, the employer will reimburse some of your expenses.
For example, they will pay for transportation Q 15 to and from the job site. Aside from that, the cost of phone calls is covered. As for the positions themselves, there are three types. The first in- volves assisting persons confined to wheelchairs. For this position, volunteers must be physically fit and in excellent health. They must be able to lift at least 1SO pounds. They should also have a current First Aid certificate from the Red Cross. But the most important requirement is that the volunteer must have his own car.
On Tuesday Q 16 afternoons, the volunteers take their clients to various scenic spots around the city to experience and enjoy nature. If you don't drive, but you'd still like to get involved, the centre has a number of openings for people to read to the blind. Readers must, of www. Persons with no foreign accent are pre- ferred. For these positions, you must be available on Monday morn- Q 17 ings.
Oh, wait, I see a note here. There is one opening for someone who can read Urdu. Apparently, there is a Pakistani blind person who'd like to hear his or her native language.
But the other positions are all in English. And finally, there are a limited number of volunteers needed to care for disabled children. I'm sorry, but the information I've been given does not say how many children or what disabilities they have. In any case, you are needed to care for the children for one week in August.
Q 18 Apparently, this will be at the close of the summer holiday. I would guess this involves helping them with the routine chores of daily life. Again, volunteers for this position must know basic First Aid, be in good health, and be able to lift up to 75 pounds. All applications for this position have to be submitted no later than Monday, August 8th. Applications may be made either by regular postal service - the "snail mail" - or by e-mail.
Mary Smith" on the envelope. Or you can send e-mail to acrawfor worldwidehelpers. So get out there and do something good! OK, our next announcement is looking for someone to "facilitate" tiger breeding at the London Zoo. And, get this, it's a "strictly volun- teer" position. That means you don't get paid! Oh my God I'm sorry ladies and gentlemen, but I just have to laugh Are you just leaving the library now?
I saw you get there at 8: Yeah, I've been there all day. What for? They hired a cute new librarian or something? I wish. No, it's the presentation that I will give in Environ- mental Science the day after tomorrow. What's it about? I heard you were really excited about the class. And Dr Schnee also calls you for the "arcane" ques- tions, as he calls them. It's about environmental damage in the Yucatan. Excuse me, what? Or is that where?
It's a state in Southeast Mexico. So what's happening there? Agriculture is having a really adverse impact on the environ- ment. There are too many farmers doing too much farming.
Q 21 It's really destroying the forests and ruining the soil. Defor- estation is a major problem there now. How did you learn about this?
I don't recall Dr Schnee saying anything about it in lecture. Yes, but my brother went there last month, you know, to look at the old cities the Maya Indians built. That's what first got me interested. Your brother Tom? No, Dick, Harry's twin. Anyway, he told me how few trees there were now and how much empty ground that grows al- most nothing. He said the place looked more like the desert than jungle in some parts. It brought environmental damage. Q 22 So I started looking for materials in the library.
Here, look at this magazine. What's in it? It's an old issue of "National Geographic". It includes inter- views with tourists who've been there in the past few years. Q 23 It's pretty bad. See the photos? I see the photos, but one or two photos don't prove anything. Then read what the article says. Right there. The first thing it points out is how soil samples show it is hard for anything to Q 24 grow there.
It says how an area of 21, square kilometres Q25 has lost most of its forest in the past ten years. See, there are graphs. As the number of farmers increases, the acres of for- est have decreased. It's an inverse relation. So how big is that state? I'm sorry, but I've never really learned the metric system.
It's bigger than the state of Massachusetts! That's shocking! Anything else? There's lots of else. Scientists say there's a "growing area" of about Q 26 It's like the beginning of a desert.
Oh yes. What Dr Schnee called "desertification". But, why can't anything grow there? I've never really studied soil chemistry. I'm just starting to look into that subject, but my sister Marie is a geologist and she says the problem is that the soil has too much saline, with no plants helping to adjust the chemistry.
Apparently, that's a common problem with soil types throughout areas with rainforest. Once you lose the plant cover, it's difficult to bring it back. Reforestation is almost impossible, even if the land is not being used for other purposes.
Wait a minute. What is "saline"? Saline is salt dissolved in water. Scientists who've gone there have taken measurements. They do this by gathering a sam- Q 27 ple of the soil and running a simple test that shows the ion- isation of the solution.
The Geology Department in our own university has reviewed the soil at the site, too. They're right. Q 28 www. The level of salinity is going up. But the plants that would solve that problem can't be planted in soil like that.
There is a narrow spectrum of salinity in which the plants will grow. And once you pass the threshold, there is no way to put the problem right? It's possible that no one can do anything to stop the trend now.
All because of human greed! Wait a second. How do you know these "scientists" can be trusted? What kind of reputation do they have? Are they reliable? Oh they're definitely reliable. Here, study these photographs and check the damage your- Q29 self. That's what Dr Horst who wrote this book here did. He's newly appointed, but Dr Schnee says he's brilliant. So, where are you going now? I'm headed over to the Geography Department to borrow a map for my presentation.
You know, this whole problem Q30 could have been avoided! The farmers there in the Yucatan Uh, Pete?? Go take a break! Leave some studying for the rest of us. I'd like to begin this course with a few remarks about good insects and bad ones. Bugs are all around us and that's both a benefit and an annoyance - some- times maybe even serious harm.
First, let's talk about the good things that insects do for us. Probably the most important insect for humans, and maybe for all other life, is the bee. Bees help plants in the process of pollination, Q 31 and thus are necessary to most flowers and fruit-producing trees.
That is, they carry pollen from "male" flowers to "female". If it weren't for bees, we'd have very few food plants and no fruit either. In fact, there would be no "we". No less a thinker than Albert Einstein pointed out that, without bees, humanity would be dead within a year or less. We'd starve. It's that simple. That should maybe make us just a little humble. A little less dramatic is the fact that bees also make the honey we eat.
Moreover, they produce beeswax, which is useful in candles and it's Q 32 also used as a first-rate furniture polish. Sure, these may not be vital to our lives, but they can serve as reminders of how important bees are. That's a point I keep coming back to in this course. Though, in all fairness, I should point out that butterflies aid in pollination as well as bees. Now, here in Michigan, what's the worst part of summer?
Yep, that's right - mosquitoes. But I'm talking about helpful insects, right?
So let's look at the dragonfly first. If there were no dragonflies, there would be even more mosquitoes! Dragonflies mainly eat mosqui- toes and also a few other insects. They don't just fly around, and they also help to eliminate harmful insects. So, the next Q 33 time you see a dragonfly, don't you dare kill it! Now let's talk a little about those harmful insects. Take the mosquitoes I just mentioned as an example.
Not so many years ago, mosquitoes here in America weren't just annoying. Some were even deadly. They carried malaria and yellow fever.
My own ancestor, the Confederate General John Bell Hood, lived through the worst battles of Civil War only to die at age thirty-eight from yellow fever.
A pest, not a bullet! Right, that is the fly. Before I go on talking, I must mention an African fly called the Tsetse fly, which feeds on blood and can cause serious diseases in the people and animals that it bites. Besides, it is still a bearer of sleeping sickness, which affects Q 34 around , people every year in Africa and can be treated only with toxic drugs that are hard to administer.
Worse still, the drugs sometimes don't work. Other insects, of course, destroy food crops. In China, for instance, locusts continue to be a danger to the harvest in some areas. Less important, but still annoying, moths eat people's clothes and dust mites slowly destroy carpets.
The mailing address is Worldwide Helpers. I'm sorry ladies and gentlemen. Q 17 ings. All applications for this position have to be submitted no later than Monday. Applications may be made either by regular postal service.
And finally. For these positions. There is one opening for someone who can read Urdu. But the other positions are all in English. I'm sorry.. Post Office Box Or you can send e-mail to acrawfor worldwidehelpers. That's A-C-R-A. Persons with no foreign accent are pre- ferred. Q 18 Apparently. That means you don't get paid! Oh my God. Or is that where? It brought environmental damage.
And Dr Schnee also calls you for the "arcane" ques- tions. Are you just leaving the library now? I saw you get there at 8: Q 22 So I started looking for materials in the library. Q 21 It's really destroying the forests and ruining the soil. How did you learn about this? I don't recall Dr Schnee saying anything about it in lecture. Defor- estation is a major problem there now. What for? They hired a cute new librarian or something? I wish.
So what's happening there? Agriculture is having a really adverse impact on the environ- ment. Excuse me. He said the place looked more like the desert than jungle in some parts.
There are too many farmers doing too much farming. What's in it? I've been there all day. Your brother Tom? What's it about? I heard you were really excited about the class. Harry's twin. It's about environmental damage in the Yucatan. It's a state in Southeast Mexico. That's what first got me interested.
Reforestation is almost impossible. Then read what the article says. Scientists who've gone there have taken measurements. The Geology Department in our own university has reviewed the soil at the site. See the photos? I see the photos. They're right.
As the number of farmers increases. Oh yes. It says how an area of I've never really studied soil chemistry. Q 23 It's pretty bad. Right there. It's an old issue of "National Geographic". The first thing it points out is how soil samples show it is hard for anything to Q 24 grow there. They do this by gathering a sam. It's bigger than the state of Massachusetts! That's shocking! Anything else? There's lots of else.
I'm just starting to look into that subject. Once you lose the plant cover. Scientists say there's a "growing area" of about It's an inverse relation. What Dr Schnee called "desertification". What is "saline"? Saline is salt dissolved in water. So how big is that state? Q 28 www. Q 27 ple of the soil and running a simple test that shows the ion- isation of the solution.
Q 26 It's like the beginning of a desert. Wait a minute. It includes inter- views with tourists who've been there in the past few years. Q29 self.. Wait a second. And once you pass the threshold. The farmers there in the Yucatan. How do you know these "scientists" can be trusted? What kind of reputation do they have?
Are they reliable? Oh they're definitely reliable. It's possible that no one can do anything to stop the trend now.
I'm headed over to the Geography Department to borrow a map for my presentation.. That's what Dr Horst who wrote this book here did. The level of salinity is going up. Go take a break! Leave some studying for the rest of us. He's newly appointed.. All because of human greed! There is a narrow spectrum of salinity in which the plants will grow. But the plants that would solve that problem can't be planted in soil like that. A pest. My own ancestor. Probably the most important insect for humans.
No less a thinker than Albert Einstein pointed out that. But I'm talking about helpful insects. That's a point I keep coming back to in this course. Bees help plants in the process of pollination. They don't just fly around. That should maybe make us just a little humble. Not so many years ago. If it weren't for bees. They carried malaria and yellow fever. A little less dramatic is the fact that bees also make the honey we eat. Bugs are all around us and that's both a benefit and an annoyance.
I should point out that butterflies aid in pollination as well as bees. If there were no dragonflies. I'd like to begin this course with a few remarks about good insects and bad ones. So let's look at the dragonfly first.
Q 31 and thus are necessary to most flowers and fruit-producing trees. Take the mosquitoes I just mentioned as an example. Now let's talk a little about those harmful insects.
We'd starve. Dragonflies mainly eat mosqui- toes and also a few other insects. That is. Some were even deadly. It's that simple. For some decades in the West. Some of these are pretty simple. Q 38 ations. If they are not stopped. And people in chemical-using rural areas have one of the highest rates of liver cancer in the world. They then breed with the other survivors. Other insects. It's a small-scale solution. Before I go on talking. One is destroying the insects' habitat. Q3 7 Like all species.
Less important. The insects come Q 36 back. Worse still. Cleaning your kitchen is www. In China. I must mention an African fly called the Tsetse fly.
An insect generation. You take away their home or food.
It's no secret that the chem- icals remain harmful to humans. Many kinds of wildlife. Usually they Q 35 seriously damage a building before anyone even notices them. When a new chemical is introduced to their habitat.
At least. Getting rid of marshes and swamps eliminates mosquitoes. One recent method of controlling insect populations involves inter- rupting their breeding cycle. If you change the environment too much. Since they can't have babies. Other solutions might include bringing in dragonflies or bats in areas where mosquitoes are many. No garbage: But you have to be careful. This is a cheaper alternative to chemicals.
We'll go into more details as this course goes along. Now I will stop here to see whether you have any questions or not. Insects are provided with food that makes them unable to reproduce.
It's clear that we must have an understanding of the life cycle of the insect. Biological methods Q39 like this also bring no extra pollution to the environment. What does that mean? It means "birth control for bugs". Interrupt the life cycle. And since no young are born. What seems to be the problem. QI CR: There's no seeming about it! The blasted thing shoots hot steam all over the place. Now I just need some basic information.. Why it could have killed the cat or something.
Customer Service Department. It could have exploded and killed my wife and me! It nearly scalded my hand when I went to open it.
I just need to ask you the model number of the cooker. My wife tells me to slow down. It was on sale.. This is Kelly. It's R So you're telling me there's no problem! Are you calling me a liar? I'm calling about one of your rice cookers I just Examp le downloadd. I do tend to get a little hot under the collar. I guess I should tell you. Q2 www.
As long as the steam escapes the cooker. So I demand a full refund! Under Pressure will be happy to refund your money. How may I help you? The postal code is BDJ. I nearly forget. And you say the problem is that the steam escapes? If there's steam escaping. The City Centre Branch? That's the one. But six months? Is that too long? I mean for the warranty? Very well. Is that here in Coventry? No problem.
So we have an R cooker with an escaping Q4 steam problem. When did you download it? Name and address! But I don't think sending Q7 things in the mail is very secure or very efficient. If you want your money.
When did you download the cooker? Just as soon as my wife got the crazy idea she'll live longer if she stops eating good English food: We hardly used it either. Money you say? Which store and which branch? At that big Electric Life appliance store downtown.. But I Q JO can tell you this. I'm afraid I never give that sort of information out. I only need to ask your card's expiry date. I know I'm losing my temper again.
How often do you go shopping at the City Centre Branch? We can credit the money to your credit card. Don't worry. I really am sorry. I suppose maybe once a month. And sir. You do have one.
We'll get that refund right to you. That will be April Foolish me. You had better! If I don't get my money.
I haven't had my medicine today. I said your expiry date.. I'll never shop there again! He hangs up the phone. We still have the number on computer. QB CR: April I have good news. If you don't have an! So you must be wondering how to tell your folks you've arrived safely. Like I tell every- one. I've eaten there. Pretty easy.
North is at the top. Look on your maps. You see the street on the east side of this building? Ned Kelly Avenue? Just follow that about metres. So after a meal like that. The first thing I'd like to do at today's Orientation Session is get you all oriented! That means tell you the location of some useful facilities and services. South at the bottom. See the rising sun? That would have to be East.
So North must be directly behind me. If you go straight out of its door and walk down the Garden QI 3 Street. I am joking. Was the food good? As you can see on the map. No ques- tions? I have good news for you: The map is the big yellow sheet of paper. The men's dorms are the two on the south. Do you see the four buildings there between the Student Centre and the library? Those are the dormitories.
The hours are posted on the door. Which way is North? I know you all just got here. When you move in. As for the dorm rooms. Your key does not work for the front door of your dorm. Q J7 itely write your name on your food containers. You can download food containers at any campus convenience store. I'm joking. I mean this is Australia and we do get drunken bush- rangers wandering onto campus.
What's good about sharing a bathroom with three strangers? Each of you will be given a key for your dorm room. Don't lose it. The good news is that each Q 16 room has its own bathroom. They've got free Wi-Fi.
So there may be some small problems with your dorm rooms. Sad to say. Red tape. Just tell them your problem and they should have it fixed by the time you graduate in four years. I'm sorry to have to tell you. Maybe an air conditioner is missing or does not work. You have to pay for any replacement and fill out a bunch of papers. Please do not tell the code to people who do not live in the dorm. To the right of each door. If you want to make snacks or meals.
Speaking of thieves. Tired of the school food? Give it a week. I have some bad news and some good news. Or maybe you just need a place to get coffee in the wee hours of the night during one of those marathon study sessions.. Either way. Maybe the window doesn't open. There are a lot of little things they need to take care of. The bad news is the rooms are small and you'll probably be sharing space with at least three other students. But a word of warning: The Q 19 laundry for each dorm is in the basement.
You do have to download your own soap. So when your clothes get dirty. The laundry closes. That means you have to learn to do laundry. I almost forgot to tell you. If you want to get in.
Most of you are not rich. Have I forgotten anything? Some real good news this time: Your code will not work. Before we continue. If you decide to wash those clothes and not get married. All right. New Zealand and Colombia. My report is about chocolate sales in Italy and Germany.. Bruce is always a little shy. Betty really should go first. I looked at the sales in two countries. And what did you find. Not after he's had a lager for lunch.
Different strategies obviously affect the sales volume differently. They think that will get sales moving up in New Zealand. And in fact. And Bruce? I'm reporting on the effects of different marketing strategies on the cheese and oil markets.
I did say one o'clock. The big ad agencies are trying out a new series of ads that shift the focus from health to great taste. Or you. I guess I could. Come in! Professor Dundee? We're ready to make our presentation. Suppliers have introduced two new upscale brands of each product. The two countries' marketers have found www. I'm especially interested in the effects of colour on sales Q25 of products.
Tell me.. I don't see. For a long time.. That's German. For little kids.. That bright red candy is the first one they see. As for Germany. Germans love the stuff. Germans love chocolate.. Even better. Again brilliant! A pretty good job.. It means "The Land of Chocolate". They say it doesn't matter much what brand of chocolate you're selling. But they're thrifty. For example? In Italy. Q 30 Alright. See ya later. Me too. Professor Dundee.
But as always in this course. So I'm going to look into packaging for cookies and how the materials they use will affect the Q 28 image. The shiny metal boxes catch people's attention and the image remains in the memory longer. I think I'm all set. I urge you both to pay much more attention to the advertisement extensions. I'm focusing on the effects of different containers on Q 27 sales of cookies. And you. That's often the key. This is a big consideration because the faster you www.
Q 35 By the s. Q 34 You used pedals just like today. Q 32 able on most roads. The biggest improvement however was the development of the chain and sprocket system. But it made the ride so much easier. And up- hill. For one thing. This meant you did not push the bike. Let's stroll around the exhibition. Though the first ones were solid rubber. As a result. Although there were a few early efforts back in the s. They are connected.
No one invented a bike for. As you can Q 33 see from this specimen. Kind of like today's skateboard. By the s. Only a few gadget lovers had or used them. You simply pushed yourself along using your feet. Cit- ies like London were getting too big to walk across! The early bike let people travel with less effort than walking. You had to try harder to balance. These Q 36 became pretty common at that time.
There were some drawbacks. They're more durable than wood. So the downside was that the ride was quite uncomfort. That meant you went fairly slowly. I'd like to take this opportun- ity to welcome you to our exhibition. Why did people do it then? Probably because this was the start of the Machine Age: Bikes were a response to the rapid growth of cities early in the 19th century.
Plus a bike was a lot Q 31 cheaper than a horse! Think of it. Air-filled tyres - "pneumatic tyres" - didn't really come into use till around the year , as you can see from this exhibition over here. That made the ride even more comfortable. So, by or so, people were going a lot faster and a lot more smoothly. There was one problem when you were going quickly and comfortably: But for a long time, the only way to stop was drag your feet. That didn't work very well and it would be dangerous if you were going fast.
In the crowded cities of those years - New York, Chicago, and so on, you would get killed if you couldn't stop for, say, a streetcar. Plus look at this bike. The front wheel is nearly a metre and two thirds tall! They made them that way so you could see over people and wagons. But you couldn't drag your feet.
This model is called a "velocipede" - a "speed pedal". Another characteristic of the bike in this period is that it has two equal-sized wheels, which signalled a big change in bikes. For with the velocipede, brakes appeared.
If you wanted to stop, you just pushed the pedal backwards. Doing that stopped the back wheel of the bike. This technique worked a lot better than dragging your feet or jumping off the high seat there! This meant that bikes became a great deal safer. It would have been safer if people wore helmets, Q 37 but the first bicycle helmet wasn't invented until years later, and even then it was little more than a leather ballcap.
It really wasn't until the s that the bike helmet was modified to provide some real protection. Before continuing on to look at developments since the s, let's say a word more about safety. Everyone knows if you're going down- hill, you can get going dangerously fast. To go more than a hundred kilometres an hour isn't all that difficult! But even on level ground it's easy to go too quickly. On a city street, today's bicycles can be ridden at a speed of over forty miles an hour, over a short distance.
That's about sixty-four kilometres an hour. Remember you're on a. There's nothing to protect you. People are killed in single-bicycle accidents every day, just from hitting the road. A good rule to remember is, if you're going faster than the cars, slow down. And please wear a helmet. Nearly one quarter of the epilepsy cases come from head injuries in accidents on bikes and motorcycles.
I didn't mean to scare you, but safety is everyone's business. Now that's a good question. Why are today's bikes so much faster?
Well, it's not just that today's athletes are faster. The an- swer is partly mechanical. If you look closely here, at the back wheel you'll see a number of gears. Changing gears is what makes those Q 38 fast speeds possible. You can shift gears depending on the terrain and how hard you wish to pedal. So you can put it on a higher gear for Q39 Q40 downhill, and a lower gear for uphill travel to make it easier to climb that slope.
You'll notice this gear-shifting mechanism is attached at the back wheel, and when the rider shifts on the handlebar gear shifter, the chain moves to the appropriate sprocket. And, speaking of changing gears, let's look over here at our "Tour de France" exhibit..
Well, I've been seeing these yellow boxes in front of a lot of houses in my neighbourhood. I just wondered what they were for. I noticed your phone number on all of them, so I called. Could you tell me about your business? We do do recycling, but we're not a business. Gaea's Guard- ians is a non-profit group.
We encourage recycling as a way Example of protecting the environment. I mean it is a good idea. But I really don't read the newspaper every day or anything. And we don't come collect newspaper every day! In fact, we only do pickups every other week. Oh, well then maybe I could help.
I mean in my neighbour- hood, there's too much rubbish lying around everywhere. I'd like to help out, I guess. That's great, sir. You're doing the right thing.
OK, I need to get your contact information. What is your name, please? Peter Wisrough. You're a good speller. It's just that my family are terrible pronouncers!
You're quite a card, Peter! OK, now what's your address? That's here in London. How about ifl Q3 have any questions? So which one would I put magazines in?
The booklet has our phone number and our e-mail address. I'm sending you a copy of our booklet. But I nearly forgot to ask. I'm guessing those yellow boxes I saw are for recycled Q6 newspapers? And where is that? Our main centre isn't that far from you. Q4 cat. Q7 MAN: That new blue building?
That's the one! Sorry again. The blue is for metal. Do you recycle anything besides newspaper? I'll try and manage to keep all that straight. Things like that you have to bring to our collec- tion centre. It's actually right on the East Side of Central Park. My pleasure. I'll think about it. It tells QJO you about what you can do to protect the environment in your daily life. It's such a waste.
I'll be sending you our booklet. So would you be interested in volunteering? Plus it lists things you can do as a volunteer with our group. Do you have any other questions or concerns?
Could you send me some more info? Along with the newspaper box. Maybe use different typefonts or colours to highlight informa- tion. But let me tell you that there are dozens of great websites on the Internet. Q 14 out. Companies only read typed letters. I cannot possibly tell you everything you need to know about writing a resume in the time we have. That's usually an ex-boss or a professor who knows you well.
Make it brief. Too many people are sending too many CV s! After all. References are people who will give you a recommendation for a job. Q1 2 HR departments do not have time to read long documents.