Madhav Gadgil, Submitted to 'The Ministry of Environment and Forests, Report of the Western Ghats Ecology Expert Panel, Part I. New Delhi. The report embodies among other things (i) categorization of the Western Madhav Gadgil, Chairman, Western Ghats Ecology Expert Panel. 31/08/; Ministry of Environment and Forests. Report of the Western Ghats ecology expert panel (Madhav Gadgil Western Ghats Report). Western.
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The Western Ghats Ecology Expert Panel (WGEEP), also known as the Gadgil Commission after its chairman Madhav Gadgil, A crucial report on Western Ghats prepared by K. Kasturirangan-led high-level working group (HLWG) has recommended prohibition "Report of the Western Ghats Ecology Expert Panel" (PDF). the Western Ghats Ecology Expert Panel (WGEEP) with the following members on 4 March Chairman. Prof. Madhav Gadgil. Members. Dr. R. Sukumar, Dr. Madhav Gadgil, Submitted to 'The Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government in Western Ghats on the basis of „Gadgil Committee Report‟ PESQUISA-.
States insist that protection can be given under existing laws. Gadgil report is against dams in the Western Ghats, which is a crucial blow on the ailing power sector.
Considering the growing energy needs of India, critics argue that this recommendation cannot be taken. When the Gadgil Committee report was first made public, there were a lot of protests against it from the sand mining and quarrying lobbies in Goa. Many mafias created fear among farmers in Kerala that the Gadgil report is against them, and that they will lose livelihood if its recommendations are implemented. Darker side and Hidden Agenda Ministry of environment and forests kept the Gadgil report in safe custody for eight months with them.
It was not available for public discussion as expected by Gadgil committee members. People asked for a copy, but the ministry said it could not be given. Then the matter is taken to the Delhi high court and only when the court passed an order, the ministry released the report! The court ordered that all the reports should be put on websites. The problem was that most people had not read it. Who bothers to read a page report, that too in English, uh!
So, the mining lobby took advantage of this aspect and misled the people.
They convinced the people against the report in their favour. The lobby told the people that the report was against farmers and they would have to leave the area. People got really worried. And it is in this background that another committee was appointed to study Gadgil Report, review and suggest measures for implementation. A complete ban on mining, quarrying and sand mining in ESA. Current mining areas in the ESA should be phased out within the next five years, or at the time of expiry of mining lease, whichever is earlier.
Kasturirangan report on the Western Ghats has made several pro-farmer recommendations, including the exclusion of inhabited regions and plantations from the purview of ecologically sensitive areas ESAs.
The Kasturirangan report had said villages fall under the ESA purview. Criticisms of Kasturirangan committee Report The Kasturirangan panel used remote sensing and aerial survey methods for zonal demarcation of land in the Western Ghats. The usage of such techniques, without examining the ground reality, has caused many errors in the report. The power is vested with the bureaucrats and forest officials and not with gram sabhas.
Under this report, the mining and quarrying lobbies are expected to flourish. When these lobbies and tourism flourish, it will be disastrous for the environment. There will be a water shortage, there will be pollution. Finally, farmers will have to quit the area.
They will not be able to do farming there. Kasturirangan report included ecologically non-sensitive areas under ESA, and left out many ecologically sensitive areas!
Comparison of Gadgil Report and Kasturirangan Report Whenever we study environment, the evergreen topic of debate is between environment and development. It is tough to achieve a perfect balance. The same happened with both these reports. If Gadgil report laid too much importance to the environment, Kasturirangan report was biased towards development.
Ban on Deforestation The rapid industrialization and urbanization in western countries which started before world war, was causing rapid loss of natural resources. Naturally there raised concerns for pollution, quality of life and environmental stress. At present, all developed countries have environmental laws whereas most of the developing countries are still adopting it Lee, In India, Government has banned the deforestation and migration to forests with an enactment of Indian forest act Forest Conservation Act was passed in Deforestation by the Government.
Western Ghats has a long history of deforestation. River valley projects, hydro electric projects, tea and cardamom plantations, etc.
Idukki dam is a classic case wherein the entire catchment was encroached along with dam construction. Number was carved on the trees as k. During s government cut all those trees and transferred them to the cities and auctioned. The remaining trees were marked with positions in the patta, the conservation being the responsibility of the owner.
Western Ghats and Eco friendly life The economy formed by the migrants was largely eco friendly in nature. They planted trees in their land as a part of life style of the village. The eco friendly system is such that the people who look from a Helicopter may suspect the entire region as a thick forest. One cannot deny the fact that the eco system is affected by a large through the use of chemical fertilisers and pesticides. Dragon flies, butterflies, toads, frogs, crab, and a lot of varieties of species are missing in the vegetation, not because of the farmers, but because of the use of pesticides supplied through the government mechanism with subsidies.
This leads to application of an increasing quantum of chemical fertilizers without any scientific basis. Since fertilizers demand more water, there is an increased and unsustainable exploitation of water resources in the Ghats affecting the entire ecology of the hills and downstream.
This overpowering need to seek multinational investment is still a policy xiv. In many cases Indigenous peoples were not even consulted when their territories were designated as World Heritage sites, although this designation can have far-reaching consequences for their lives and human rights, their ability to carry out their subsistence activities, and their ability to freely pursue their economic, social, and cultural development in accordance with their right of self-determination.
Moreover, all of the mentioned nominations were prepared without meaningful involvement and consultation of the Indigenous peoples concerned and without obtaining their free, prior and informed consent. In the Idukki- Munnar region, more than acres of Cardamom Plantations have been classified as forest land. At the Periyar, Munnar and Anaimudi areas, no compensation has reached the affected people so far.
Whether the Anaimudi area is going to be declared as a Biosphere Reserve or not may be clarified. The State of Kerala will need a special dispensation, as the area of forest in proportion to the land area is the highest in the State.
Settlements where people have been living in the same area for more than years will be given special consideration.
Findings: 1. Objections raised by the United Nations and the formulation of Gadgil Committee there after shows that the Government has appointed the High Level Committee to escape the objections from UN. MPs recommendation to exclude acres of cardamom plantations shows that he is well aware of the consequences.
The MP keeps silent on the villages in Idukki where there is no forest at all. The period of years of migration seems to be baseless as the first Act in this regard was passed in that year The Governments seems to be ignoring the above statement while implementing the world heritage zone labelling.
Eco friendly life style is not given due importance in environmental protection. The really threatening products are not banned and controlled at source. Conclusion: The objections raised by the UN itself states that the declared World Heritage zones will considerably affect the life of the inhabitants.
Considering this areas with a migrant history of more than years were excluded from the program. Moreover, freshwater biodiversity is far more threatened than forest biodiversity and lies largely in what you term cultural landscapes. Freshwater biodiversity is also vital to livelihoods and nutrition of large sections of our people. That is why we had provided a detailed case study of Lote Chemical Industry complex in Ratnagiri district of Maharashtra, where pollution exceeding all legal limits has devastated fisheries so that 20, people have been rendered jobless, while only 11, have obtained industrial employment.
Yet the Government wants to set up further polluting industries in the same area, and has therefore deliberately suppressed its own Zonal Atlas for Siting of Industries. Your report shockingly dismisses our constitutionally guaranteed democratic devolution of decision making powers, remarking that local communities can have no role in economic decisions.
Not surprisingly, your report completely glosses over the fact reported by us that while the Government takes absolutely no action against illegal pollution of Lote, it had invoked police powers to suppress perfectly legitimate and peaceful protests against pollution on as many as out of days in Through the night I hear peacocks calling, and when I get up and go to the terrace I see them dancing.