Compre o livro The Future of the Mind: The Scientific Quest to Understand, Capa dura: páginas; Editora: Doubleday Books (25 de fevereiro de ). The Future of Humanity: Terraforming Mars, Interstellar Travel, Immortality, and Our Destiny Beyond by Michio Kaku Hardcover $ The Future of Humanity: Terraforming Mars, Interstellar Travel,. Physics of the Future: How Science Will Shape Human Destiny and Our Daily. aracer.mobi: The Future of the Mind: The Scientific Quest to Understand, Enhance, and Empower the Mind (Audible Get 2 free Audible books + 2 Originals.
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The Future of the Mind book. Read reviews from the world's largest community for readers. The New York Times best-selling author of Physics of the Im. The Future of the Mind: The Scientific Quest to Understand, Enhance, and Empower the Mind is a popular science book by the futurist and physicist Michio Kaku. Join Reader Rewards and earn points when you download this book from your favorite retailer. The Future of the Mind by Michio Kaku. Read an Excerpt. download.
So, where are we standing today in neuroscience? How are we able to understand how our brain works and what are we still missing? The many useful high technology devices that have been created to understand our brain are thanks to the four forces that govern our universe, some of this machines are: MRI, fMRI, DBS and optogenetics, all of these based on the electromagnetic force except PET scans which is governed by the weak force.
It is worth noting that as new technological devices are invented so the analogies regarding our brain functioning, such as the hydraulic model, the telephone model and now the computational theory of the mind. The author does not leave behind and also creates an analogy of subconscious as the CEO obviously representing the prefrontal cortex Our rational thought, the area that plans and helps you take decisions.
Although Kaku doesnt talk about Freuds Theory of Mind, what i did find interesting was his "space-time theory of consciousness" defined as: "Consciousness is the process of creating a model of the world using multiple feedback loops in various parameters e. He gives this theory three levels of consciousness, which mostly applies to the evolutionary structures of our brain. Level I will be that of the reptiles and level II which includes the limbic system essential for relations will be that of mammalian brain.
Finally, level III that of the human brain defined as the following: "Human consciousness is a specific form of consciousness that creates a model of the world and the simulates in time, by evaluating the past to simulate the future. This requires mediating and evaluating many feedback loops in order to make a depiction to achieve a goal.
If this space-time theory is accurate, Kaku says that it can give us a definition of self awareness: "Self awareness is creating a model of the world and simulating the future in which you appear" Book II. On memory: What do you think of the idea of downloading a memory or perhaps learning a new complex skills Matrix style and molding our intelligence with new software?
People could move and control machinery by merely thinking about it. The process is pretty simple. The brain is observed while the person performs various tasks on a computer, like moving a cursor. Then the computer compiles a dictionary capable of translating the brain activity patterns into actions.
A test of similar technology has already been performed since when paralyzed patients could communicate via a laptop. But in the future, this technology could become common place to enable people to operate robots and other machinery. Scientists found that using certain chemicals. They could erase memories from the brains of mice.
The next step would be to upload a memory from one creature and download it onto another. If this becomes possible, people may soon be able to record their memories and share them online like we do with pictures today.
We also may be able to create super-memories. Scientists gave fruit flies a photographic memory through very simple genetic manipulation. Not only memory could be boosted but also intelligence.
One initiative to gain a profound understanding of exactly how our brains work is the BRAIN initiative. Its mission is to map all the neurons and their connections in the human brain.
Having such a map would enable its implementation to gain an Artificial Intelligence AI. Some type of AI already exists since some decades. Until AI is not able to adapt and modify itself, it is unlikely that it will be capable of emulating the general intelligence our brains are capable of. The problem is that most learning algorithms are designed for specific tasks, for example, the chess playing AI is only good at playing chess, or similar games.
Humans rank everything by importance and emotions play a big role in that. Robots with AI would have to have something similar.
They would need to have ethical guidelines which would prevent them to do something bad. Self-awareness is another important trait an AI would need to possess. It is necessary because they need to consider future scenarios and their role in those scenarios as an independent actor.
Branches of other sciences such as physics, evolution, and philosophy are showing a keen interest in amalgamating data across sciences and moving toward positing a unified theory that can explain the enigma of consciousness from a holistic perspective. Although the search for such a theory remains elusive, there have been significant steps in that direction.
The book by Michio Kaku is one more such step. Although a professor of physics and a cofounder of the string field theory, he shows a keen interest in the workings of the mind.
The book takes a physicist's view of the mind and the future of the human mind as he sees it, and probably as we will see it in the years to come.
The Present Book The present book is written for the common man and scientists alike. It takes a panoramic look at the mind giving us a guided tour of the work of top laboratories around the world with excerpts from scientists who are already revolutionizing the way we think about the human brain and about ourselves.
Various breakthroughs in reading and decoding the human mind are discussed along with directions of research that the future will give us. The second deals with mind over matter. This section looks at various technological advances neuroscience has made and how one can read thoughts, create memories, help paralyzed people to perform movements, and enhance our cognition and intelligence.
The third deals with altered states of consciousness and explores areas such as dreams, artificial intelligence, mind control, and altered states including silicon and robotic consciousness and the future of the mind. The book which is intended for lay readers gives a very simple account of the rather complex anatomy and structures that make up the brain along with the role that physicists and the science of electromagnetism have done to provide imaging techniques to neuroscientists worldwide.
It discusses already available neuroimaging modalities and looks at the future discussing imaging techniques such as near infrared spectroscopy, optogenetics, and magnetoencephalography.
It also explains the phenomena of the split brain and has a detailed look of a model where the brain is presented like as corporation with the prefrontal cortex as the CEO and all other employees being various structures of the brain at different levels.
The author discusses different levels of consciousness from lower organisms to humans. Humans differs from all other species on this planet as they can assimilate events that have happened in the past and present, and thereby simulate, think, and plan for the future.
Animals do not have this ability. Based on this capacity for time and space, there are three levels of consciousness where level 1 involves the prefrontal cortex-thalamus-brainstem circuit seen in reptiles, level 2 involves the prefrontal cortex-hippocampus-amygdala seen in animals lower to human beings, and level 3 consciousness seen in human beings due to the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex that can plan ahead and the orbitofrontal cortex that can help make judgments.
It tries to see if there is a scientific explanation for the same where no satisfactory theory exists at present. It takes a tour of neuroscience laboratories where using images and a magnetic resonance imaging MRI scanner one can make videos of the brain, and by reading fMRI scans, one can get a near clear idea of what another human being is thinking.
It also explains how telepathy in the future may be possible through nanoprobes and ponders on the legal and ethical aspects of the research and availability of such techniques in the future. The concept of science fictional avatars and surrogates are discussed along with exoskeletons that help paralyzed people direct and perform actions.